Health Encyclopedia

 

Health Encyclopedia Home



200,000 Heart Disease, Stroke Deaths Could Be Prevented: CDC

200,000 Heart Disease, Stroke Deaths Could Be Prevented: CDC

TUESDAY, Sept. 3 (HealthDay News) -- In 2010, more than 200,000 Americans under 75 died from heart disease and stroke that could have been prevented, health officials said Tuesday.

Sadly, more than half of those who died were under 65, according to a new report released by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

"As a doctor, I find it heartbreaking to know that the vast majority of people who are having a heart attack or stroke, under the age of 65 in particular, and dying from it didn't have to have that happen," CDC director Dr. Tom Frieden said during a noon press conference.

But progress has been made, Frieden said. "The rate of preventable deaths from heart disease and stroke decreased by nearly 30 percent between 2001 and 2010," he noted.

Most of this progress, however, has been made among those older than 65. And while these are the people who have the highest risk, most of preventable deaths happen to people under 65. "In that group progress has been much slower," Frieden said.

This dichotomy may be because those 65 and older have Medicare with its access to screening and treatment, Frieden suggested.

But where a person lives is also a factor in the equation, he added. "It's unfortunate, but your longevity may be more likely to be influenced by your ZIP code than by your genetic code," he said. "In fact, what we have seen is a striking convergence of risk factors in the Southern states."

Race and ethnicity also play a part, with blacks at twice the risk of dying from heart disease or stroke unnecessarily than whites, Frieden stated. "In fact, race is the single largest contributor to racial differences in life expectancy," he pointed out.

Sex is also a contributor, with men twice as likely to die from a preventable heart attack or stroke than women, the findings showed.

The United States doesn't stack up well against other countries when it comes to the rate of cardiovascular deaths, Frieden noted. "The overall rate of cardiovascular death in the U.S. is about 50 percent higher than many similar countries around the world," he said.

Each year in the United States nearly 800,000 people die from heart disease or stroke, many of which could have been prevented by proper medical management and lifestyle changes to control risk factors, Frieden said.

According to Dr. Gregg Fonarow, a spokesman for the American Heart Association, "Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of death in men and women in the United States." Fonarow is also a professor of cardiology at the University of California, Los Angeles.

"Many of these cardiovascular deaths would be entirely avoidable with better implementation of preventative measures and effective treatments," Fonarow added.

Local, regional and national efforts are urgently needed to improve cardiovascular health and reduce death and disability due to heart disease and stroke, Fonarow said.

"Individuals can proactively lower their risk for cardiovascular disease and stroke by getting active, maintaining healthy blood pressure, cholesterol levels, weight and diet as well as avoiding smoking," Fonarow said.

"Adopting healthier choices and effective preventative therapies can have an immediate effect on one's cardiovascular risk and help avoid becoming one of these preventable cardiovascular deaths," he added.

The CDC believes communities and health departments can help by providing healthy living spaces, including tobacco-free and safe walking areas, and ensuring access to healthy foods.

Highlights of the report published Sept. 3 in the CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report include:

  • In 2010, death rates were highest among those aged 65 to 74 (401.5 per 100,000 population).

  • Preventable deaths have dropped faster among those 65 to 74 compared to those under 65.

  • Compared to women, men are more than twice as likely to die from preventable heart disease or stroke.

  • Compared to whites, blacks are twice as likely -- and Hispanics are slightly less likely -- to die from preventable heart disease and stroke.

  • Avoidable deaths from heart disease, stroke and high blood pressure were higher among men (nearly 84 per 100,000) than women (about 40 per 100,000). Black men have the highest risk.

  • Compared to Hispanic women, Hispanic men are twice as likely to die from preventable heart disease and stroke.

  • Preventable deaths varied by state from a low of about 36 deaths per 100,000 people in Minnesota to a high of more than 99 per 100,000 in the District of Columbia.

  • By county, the highest rates of avoidable death were mostly in the southern Appalachian region, Tennessee, Arkansas, Mississippi, Louisiana and Oklahoma. The lowest rates were in the West, Midwest, and Northeast regions.

More information

For more information on preventing cardiovascular disease, visit the American Heart Association.

SOURCES: Sept. 3, 2013, press conference with Tom Frieden, M.D., M.P.H., director, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; Gregg Fonarow, M.D., professor of cardiology, University of California, Los Angeles; Sept. 3, 2013, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, online

 
Related Items
Daily News Feed
  Midwest Ticks Show Signs of 'Heartland Virus'
  Details Emerge on Rabies Transplant Death
  Too Few Girls Getting HPV Vaccine: CDC
  U.S. Health Officials Still Tracking Source of Stomach Bug Outbreak
  Stomach Bug Outbreak Spreads to More States: CDC
  Stomach Bug Outbreak Grows, Bagged Salad Implicated
  U.S. Gun Violence: Murders Down, Suicides Up, CDC Reports
  400 Now Sickened in Stomach Bug Outbreak
  Stomach Bug Outbreak Source in Two States Traced to Mexican Farm
  China Bird Flu Appears to Have Spread From Person to Person
  Many Kids With Asthma Live With Secondhand Smoke: CDC
  Black Infants in U.S. Twice as Likely to Die as Whites: CDC
  Stomach Bug Outbreak Cases Top 500
  Company Tied to Stomach Bug Outbreak Stops Shipments to U.S.
  CDC: Heavy Drinking a Costly Burden to U.S.
  Cases in Stomach Bug Outbreak Continue to Climb
  U.S. Lyme Disease Cases Vastly Underreported: CDC
  More Cases Reported in Stomach Bug Outbreak
  Cases Reported in Stomach Bug Outbreak Top 600
  Mexico Farm Tied to Stomach Bug Back in Operation
  Lessons Learned From Cantaloupe-Listeria Outbreak
  U.S. Drinking Water Sanitation Still a Concern: CDC
  Teens' Use of E-Cigarettes Doubles in a Year: CDC
  More U.S. Women Having Kids in Their 30s and 40s: Report
  'Tips From Smokers' Campaign Beat Expectations
  Vaccine Coverage High in U.S., but Measles Outbreaks a Concern: CDC
  CDC Sounds Alarm on Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria
  Serious MRSA Infections in U.S. Declining: CDC
  Anti-smoking Campaign Surpasses Expectations
  It's Not Too Soon to Get Your Flu Shot, Doctor Says
  Bacterial Infection's Spread Occurs Beyond Health Care Settings: Study
  CDC Reports More Americans Getting Flu Shots
  Medicare, Medicaid Would Keep Running If U.S. Government Shuts Down
  Medicare, Medicaid To Keep Running Despite U.S. Government Shutdown
  One-Third of U.S. Adults Are Obese, CDC Says
  Second Dose of Vaccine Cuts Chickenpox Cases Even More, Study Finds
  Antibiotic Resistance Ups Salmonella Hospitalizations: CDC
  Poultry Plants Linked to Salmonella Outbreak to Remain Open: USDA
  Some 'High-Risk' Kidneys May Be Safe for Organ Transplant: Study
  Flu Season Off to Slow Start . . .
  Flavored Cigars Gaining in Popularity With U.S. Kids: CDC
  Infections From Tainted Steroids Ranged in Severity: Update
  Some Improvement Seen in U.S. Cholesterol Levels: CDC
  Single Dose of HPV Vaccine May Be Enough to Guard Against Cervical Cancer
  U.S. Malaria Cases Hit 40-Year High
  1 in 3 Not Meeting Colon Cancer Screening Guidelines: CDC
  10 Percent of U.S. Adults Physically Limited by Arthritis: CDC
  More U.S. Teens Try E-Cigarettes, Hookahs: Report
  Health Disparities Persist in America: Report
  Why Many U.S. Preteens Aren't Getting the HPV Shot
  Princeton Students Safe to Travel Despite Meningitis Outbreak: CDC
  New Flu Vaccine May Provide More Protection to Kids
  Flu Vaccine Prevented 6.6 Million Illnesses Last Season: CDC
  Doctors Warn Against Raw Milk for Kids, Pregnant Women
  Americans Still Eat Too Much Salt: CDC
  H1N1 Flu Spreading in South-Central U.S.
  Americans Living Longer Than Ever: CDC
  Just 1 in 4 U.S. Teens Gets Enough Exercise: Report
  Liquid Tamiflu for Kids in Short Supply
  CDC to Launch Latest Graphic Anti-Smoking Campaign
  Added Sugar in Diet Tied to Death Risk From Heart Trouble
  Fewer U.S. Kids Killed in Car Crashes; Safety Restraints Still an Issue
  Many U.S. Adults Not Getting Key Vaccines: CDC
  West Nile Virus Has Cost U.S. Nearly $800 Million: CDC
  Partial HPV Vaccine Series May Help Prevent Genital Warts in Girls
  Flu Hitting Younger Adults Hard, Vaccination Helps: CDC
  Mysterious Polio-Like Illness Strikes Kids in California
  U.S. Obesity Rate Shows Signs of Leveling Off
  Common Strep Bacteria May Be Morphing Into 'Superbug'
  Vaccines Prevent Millions of Infections, Save Billions in Costs: CDC
  Study Finds 1 in 3 Tennesseans Uses Narcotic Painkillers Each Year
  U.S. Home Births Continued Steady Increase in 2012: CDC
  U.S. Hospitals Overuse, Misuse Antibiotics, CDC Says
  State Flu Shot Rule for Preschoolers Curbs Kids' Hospitalizations: CDC
  Antibiotics May Be Linked to Serious Infections in Children
  Most Alcohol-Linked Deaths Occur Among Working-Age Adults: CDC
  Same Meningitis Strain Behind Drexel, Princeton Outbreaks: CDC
  Hospital-Related Infections Hit Nearly 650,000 Patients in 2011: CDC
  Fewer Americans Would Smoke If Cessation Treatments Were Covered: CDC
  CDC Salt Guidelines Too Low for Good Health, Study Suggests
  More U.S. Children Severely Obese, Study Says
  Too Many Younger Teens Still Getting Pregnant: CDC
  Restaurants Pose Double the Risk of Food Poisoning Compared to Homes: Study
  Younger Adults Hit Hardest This Flu Season
  1 in 13 U.S. Schoolkids Takes Psych Meds: Report
  Disease Outbreaks May Not Change Minds of Vaccine Opponents
  1st MERS Case Reported in U.S.
  1st U.S. MERS Patient Improving, Officials Say
  1st U.S. MERS Patient May Be Released From Hospital Soon
  Nicotine Poisoning of Infant Highlights 'E-Cig' Dangers, Docs Report
  CDC Targets 5 Parasitic Infections
  Syphilis Cases Climbing Among Gay Men: CDC
  2nd MERS Case Identified in U.S.
  Prescription Drug Use Continues to Climb in U.S.
  2 Florida Hospital Workers Who Treated MERS Patient Fall Ill
  MERS Not Yet a Public Health Emergency: WHO
  Third U.S. Man Tests Positive for MERS Virus, CDC Reports
  Florida MERS Patient Released From Hospital
  CDC: 3rd Suspected MERS Case Was False Alarm
  U.S. Measles Cases at 20-Year High
  Food Handlers Cause Most Food-Poisoning Cases
  People Under 65 Hard Hit by Flu This Year
  No Drop in Smokeless Tobacco Use Among U.S. Workers: CDC
  Measles Journey Highlights Risk to Unvaccinated Kids
  CDC Lab Workers May Have Been Exposed to Anthrax
  No CDC Lab Workers Seem Sickened by Anthrax: Report
  Injuries, Violence Are Leading Causes of Death for Young Americans
  60 Percent of Diners Use Calorie Labeling When Posted: CDC
  CDC Issues Tough Report on Anthrax Scare
  Most Kids Eat Fruit, Veggies Daily: CDC
  Study Finds Many Flu Patients Not Treated Appropriately
  HIV Diagnoses Down in U.S., Except for Young Gay Males: CDC