IVF Embryo Transfer and Implantation

Georgia Regents Reproductive Medicine and Infertility Associates in Augusta, Georgia performs embryo transfers to the uterus as part of the in vitro fertilization (IVF) process.

During the procedure, embryos are transferred to the uterus through a small tube (catheter). This procedure is much like a pap smear and does not require any anesthesia.

The embryos are placed in a small amount of fluid inside the catheter, which is passed through the cervix at the time of a speculum examination. The embryos are placed in a manner so they reach the top part of the uterus.

How Many Embryos are Transferred?

The number of embryos transferred depends on individual circumstances of the couple, and you, your physicians and the embryologist will make this decision collectively. Two to four embryos may be transferred in one treatment cycle.

The transfer of several embryos increases the probability of success. A multiple embryo transfer also increases the risk of a multiple pregnancy.

What Happens with Remaining Embryos?

Couples going through therapy must choose and formalize their choice for handling of any remaining embryos by indicating one of the following options:
 

  1. Freezing (cryopreservation) of remaining embryos for use by the couple in future treatment cycles
  2. Anonymously donating the embryos for use by another infertile couple(s), if the donating couple and the donated embryos meet the screening criteria (You would not receive any money for this donation, nor would they be sold).
  3. Allowing the embryos to develop in the laboratory until they perish, at which time they would be disposed of in a manner consistent with professional ethical standards and applicable legal requirements (this usually occurs within 6–8 days after egg collection).

 Does Embryo Transfer Cause Cramping?

Embryo transfer can cause mild cramping. After transfer, the woman may get dressed and leave after a brief recovery period. A pregnancy test will be done twelve to fourteen days after the transfer, regardless of the occurrence of any uterine bleeding.

Pleasecontact us with questions about IVF embryo transfer and implantation, or if you want to schedule an appointment for an in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer.