Home  >  Health Encyclopedia  >  Health Encyclopedia Home

Health Encyclopedia

 

Health Encyclopedia Home



Burns: Symptom ManagementControl del Dolor y la Comezón

Burns: Symptom Management

Pain management and burn care

Most children with burns have pain. The amount of pain depends on the severity and location of the burn. Severe pain can make your child's stay in the hospital very scary. Your child will be given pain medication through an intravenous (IV) line or by mouth before wound care and as needed. Many parents worry that their child may become addicted to pain medication. This is very rare, because children are given such small amounts of pain medication for short time periods. If you have more questions about pain medication, please ask your child's nurse or doctor.

If old enough, your child can help control the pain by rating it with a scoring tool. This will help the health care team know when and how much pain medication to give so that your child can be more comfortable. The nurses and child life therapist can help your child control the pain. The nurse and child life therapist can help you find ways to comfort and distract your child to decrease his/her anxiety.

Itching and burn care

Most children who have suffered from a burn injury usually experience itching at some point during the healing process. Itching may occur the the area of the burn, a skin graft, or the area the graft was taken from. Sometimes, it begins right away, but it may also occur several weeks or months into the healing process. Itching is more likely to occur in younger children,and  those with dry skin or thicker scars. Sometimes, it begins right away, but it may also occur several weeks or months into the healing process. Itching can range from a minor irritation to severe discomfort that can interfere with daily activities. While there is no "cure" for itching, the condition diminishes over time. In the meantime, there are things that you can do for your child to lessen his/her discomfort:

  • Keep the area moist with creams. Try to avoid lotions, as they may contain alcohol, which can dry the skin.

  • Avoid creams that contain perfumes, which may cause more irritation to the area.

  • Topical corticosteroids (such as hydrocortisone) may be recommended by your child's doctor.

  • Cool or cold compresses may help provide relief.

  • There are other medications that your child's doctor may prescribe, such as antihistamines and/or oral steroids to help with itching.

Specific treatment will be determined by your child's doctor based on the following:

  • Your child's age, overall health, and medical history

  • Extent of the pain or discomfort

  • Your child's tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies

  • Expectations for the course of the healing

  • Your opinion or preference

 
Related Items
Quizzes
  Burns Quiz
Adult Diseases and Conditions
  Skin Injury
  Burns
Pediatric Diseases and Conditions
  Burns Overview
  Classification and Treatment of Burns
  Emergency Treatment of a Burn Injury
  Heat or Thermal Burns
  First-Degree Burns
  Glossary - Burns
  Home Page - Burns
  Nutrition and Burns
  Online Resources - Burns
  Preventing Burn Injuries
  When to Call Your Child's Doctor
  If Your Child Has Difficulty Adjusting
  Coping Emotionally
  Preventing Scars and Contractures
  Returning Home After a Burn Injury
  Home Wound Care
  Second-Degree Burns (Partial Thickness Burns)
  Topic Index - Burns
  Third-Degree Burns
  Burns in Children
  Facts About Burn Injury
  Thermal Injuries
  Fire Safety and Burns--Identifying High-Risk Situations
  Fire Safety and Burns
  Fire Safety and Burns--Prevention
  Fire Safety and Burns--Injury Statistics and Incidence Rates
  Fire Safety and Burns Overview
  Classification of Burns