Health Encyclopedia

 

Tests & Procedures



Cardiovascular
 
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair is a procedure used to treat an aneurysm (abnormal enlargement) of the abdominal aorta, which may be performed surgically through an open incision or in a minimally-invasive procedure called endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR).
 
Amputation Procedure
Amputation is the surgical removal of a leg or arm, or a part of one - such as a toe, finger, foot, or hand - usually as a result of injury, disease, or infection.
 
Blood Test
Your doctor might order a blood test to find out if you are sick, if your body is responding to an allergy, or if you are at risk for certain health conditions.
 
Cardiac Catheterization
Cardiac catheterization is a procedure in which a catheter is moved through a blood vessel to the heart in order to better diagnose coronary heart disease, valvular heart disease, congestive heart failure and other heart conditions.
 
Carotid Artery Duplex Scan
A carotid artery duplex scan is used to assess blockage or narrowing of the carotid arteries of the neck and/or the branches of the carotid artery.
 
Carotid Endarterectomy/Carotid Artery Stenting
Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) may be performed to treat a blockage or narrowing of the carotid arteries, thus improving blood supply to the brain. Carotid artery angioplasty with stenting (CAS) is a procedure currently being used on selected patients who are at high risk for surgery.
 
Catheter Ablation
Also known as a cardiac ablation or radiofrequency ablation, this procedure guides a tube into your heart to destroy small areas of heart tissue that may be causing your abnormal heartbeat.
 
Chest X-ray
A chest X-ray is used to examine the chest and the lungs and other organs and structures located in the chest.
 
Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA)
CT angiography is a type of medical exam that combines a CT scan with an injection of a special dye to produce pictures of blood vessels and tissues in a part of your body.
 
Computed Tomography (CT or CAT) Scan of the Chest
CT/CAT scans are more detailed than standard x-rays and are often used to assess the organs of the respiratory and cardiovascular systems, and esophagus, for injuries, abnormalities, or disease.
 
Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery (CABG)
Coronary artery bypass surgery is performed to treat a blockage or narrowing of one or more of the coronary arteries, thus restoring the blood supply to the heart muscle.
 
Dobutamine Stress Echocardiogram
A dobutamine stress echocardiogram is a diagnostic procedure in which an intravenous medication called dobutamine is used when an exercise stress test is not recommended. Dobutamine mimics the effects of exercise on the heart.
 
Echocardiogram
An echocardiogram is a procedure in which ultrasonic sound waves are used to assess the heart's function and structures.
 
Electrocardiogram
An electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) is a simple and fast procedure that is used to evaluate the electrical activity of the heart, which is measured in "waves." Variations in the waves may indicate problems with the heart.
 
Electrophysiological Studies
When a problem develops with the heart’s rhythm, there may or may not be any symptoms. An electrophysiological study (EP study) is an invasive procedure that tests the heart's electrical system to determine the cause of the dysrhythmia.
 
Exercise Echocardiogram
An exercise echocardiogram is a procedure in which ultrasound, or sound wave technology, is used to asses the heart's response to stress or exercise.
 
Exercise Electrocardiogram
An exercise ECG is a simple and fast procedure that is used to evaluate the electrical activity of the heart's response to stress or exercise.
 
Femoral Popliteal Bypass Surgery
Femoral popliteal (also called femoropopliteal) bypass surgery is a surgical procedure that may be used to treat severe blockage due to plaque in the femoral artery. The femoral and popliteal arteries are located in the legs.
 
Heart Transplantation Procedure
A heart transplant is a surgical procedure performed to remove the diseased heart from a patient and replace it with a healthy one from an organ donor.
 
Heart Valve Repair or Replacement Surgery
Heart valve repair or replacement surgery is a treatment option when the heart valves become damaged or diseased and do not function properly.
 
Holter Monitor
When symptoms such as dizziness, fainting, low blood pressure, prolonged fatigue, and palpitations continue to occur without a definitive diagnosis obtained with a resting ECG, your physician may request an ECG tracing to be run over a long period of time, using a Holter monitor.
 
Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD) Insertion
During this procedure, an electronic device is inserted into the chest to help regulate electrical problems with the heart by providing either anti-tachycardia pacing (ATP) or shock therapy to prevent sudden cardiac arrest.
 
Laser Varicose Vein Surgery
Sometimes your veins can become swollen and bulging. These are called varicose veins.
 
Magnetic Resonance Angiography (MRA)
Magnetic resonance angiography – also called a magnetic resonance angiogram or MRA – is a type of MRI that looks specifically at the body’s blood vessels.
 
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of the Heart
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a diagnostic procedure that uses a combination of a large magnet, radiofrequencies, and a computer to produce detailed images of organs and structures within the body.
 
Myocardial Perfusion Scan, Resting
A resting myocardial perfusion scan in a procedure in which nuclear radiology is used to assess blood flow to the heart muscle and determine what areas have decreases blood flow.
 
Myocardial Perfusion Scan, Stress
A stress myocardial perfusion scan is used to assess the blood flow to the heart muscle when it is stressed by exercise or medication and to determine what areas have decreased blood flow.
 
Pacemaker Insertion
During a pacemaker insertio, a small electronic device is implanted in the chest (just below the collarbone) to help regulate electrical problems with the heart.
 
Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI), Coronary Angioplasty, and Stent Placement
During percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), a special catheter (long hollow tube) is inserted into coronary arteries that are blocked as a result of coronary artery disease (CAD), restoring arterial blood flow to the heart tissue without open-heart surgery.
 
Radionuclide Angiogram, Resting
During this procedure, a small amount of radioactive substance is injected into the vein. Its progress through the heart is then traced with a special camera.
 
Radionuclide Angiogram, Resting and Exercise
During this procedure, a small amount of radioactive substance is injected into the vein. Its progress through the heart is then traced with a special camera to evaluate heart function. Doing this during rest and exercise assists the physician in comparing the differences in heart activity.
 
Right Heart Catheterization
A right heart catheterization is performed to determine how well the heart is pumping and to measure the pressures in the heart and lungs.
 
Right Heart Catheterization with Heart Tissue Biopsy
Right heart catheterization with heart tissue biopsy is a procedure in which tissue samples are taken directly from the heart muscle. This procedure may be done in addition to a right heart cath to see if the heart tissue is normal.
 
Robotic Cardiac Surgery
Robotic cardiac surgery is a form of heart surgery performed through tiny incisions in the chest. Thanks to the use of tiny instruments and robotic devices, surgeons are able to perform several types of heart surgery in a way that is much less invasive than other types of heart surgery.
 
Signal-Averaged Electrocardiogram
During this procedure, the electrical activity of the heart is monitored over a period of several minutes in order to capture abnormal heartbeats which may occur only intermittently.
 
Tilt Table Procedure
This is a diagnostic procedure often used to assess syncope (fainting) by creating changes in posture from lying to standing.
 
Transesophageal Echocardiogram
A transesophageal echocardiogram uses sound wave (ultrasound) technology to examine heart function. By inserting a probe with a transducer down the esophagus rather than placing the transducer on the chest, physicians get a clearer image of the heart because the sound waves do not have to pass through skin, muscle, or bone tissue.
 
Ultrafast Computed Tomography (Ultrafast CT Scan)
Ultrafast CT, or electron-beam computed tomography (EBCT) can take multiple images of the heart within the time of a single heartbeat, and can detect very small amounts of calcium within the heart and the coronary arteries.
 
Valvuloplasty
During a valvuloplasty, a catheter is threaded through a vein to the heart where a balloon is used to open a stiff valve. Once opened, the balloon and catheter are removed.
 
Vascular Studies
Vascular studies use ultrasound (sound wave) technology to assess the flow of blood in arteries and veins in the arms, legs, and neck.
 
Venogram
A combination of contrast dye and X-rays are used to visualize the veins in the legs in order to diagnose deep vein thrombosis and other conditions.
 

Gastroenterology
 
Abdominal Angiogram
An abdominal angiogram, also called an abdominal arteriogram, is an x-ray image of the blood vessels used to evaluate various vascular conditions within the abdomen.
 
Abdominal Ultrasound
Abdominal ultrasound is a procedure that uses sound wave technology to assess the organs, structures, and blood flow inside the abdomen.
 
Abdominal X-rays
Abdominal X-rays are used to diagnose internal injuries or abnormalities of the bones and organs.
 
Appendectomy
A person's appendix is sugically removed if they develop appendicitis - an inflammation of the appendix caused by infection.
 
Barium Enema
A barium enema is used to highlight damage or abnormalities in the colon and rectum by creating greater areas of contrast in x-ray film.
 
Barium Swallow
During this procedure, a mixture of barium and water is swallowed just before an x-ray. The barium is used to highlight damage or abnormalities in the upper gastrointestinal tract, including the pharnyx, esophagus, stomach, and duodenum.
 
Cecostomy
Cecostomy is a fairly new surgical procedure that is used to clear the bowels of fecal matter. It’s typically used for children with fecal incontinence related to severe disorders.
 
Cholecystectomy
A cholecystectomy is the surgical removal of the gallbladder and is performed if it develops gallstones, becomes inflamed or infected, or is cancerous.
 
Colonoscopy
A colonoscopy uses a small camera to examine the inside of the colon. It is typically used to screen for colon cancer, and to asses other injuries, abnormalities, or disease.
 
Colostomy
A colostomy is an operation that creates an opening for the colon, or large intestine, through the abdomen. A colostomy may be temporary or permanent. It is usually performed after bowel surgery or injury.
 
Computed Tomography (CT or CAT) Scan of the Abdomen
A CT/CAT scan shows detailed images of any part of the body, including the bones, muscles, fat, organs, and blood vessels. CT/CAT scans are more detailed than standard x-rays and are used to assess the organs and tissues for for injuries, abnormalities, or disease.
 
Computed Tomography (CT or CAT) Scan of the Liver and Biliary Tract
CT/CAT scans are more detailed than standard x-rays and are often used to assess the liver, gallbladder and bile ducts for for injuries, abnormalities, or disease.
 
Computed Tomography (CT) Scan of the Pancreas
CT/CAT scans are more detailed than standard x-rays and are often used to assess the pancreas for injuries, abnormalities, or disease.
 
Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is a procedure in which x-ray and an endoscope - a long, flexible, lighted tube - are used to assess and treat problems in the liver, gallbladder, bile ducts, and pancreas.
 
Esophagogastroduodenoscopy
Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) is a diagnostic procedure used to diagnose structural or functional abnormalities of the esophagus, stomach, and/or duodenum.
 
Gallbladder Scan
A gallbladder scan - also known as a liver-billiary scan - uses nuclear radiology to assess the function and structure of the gallbladder and surrounding organs.
 
Gastric Bypass (Malabsorptive) Surgery Procedure
Bariatric surgery is a procedure that alters the process of digestion and is currently the best treatment option for producing lasting weight loss in obese patients when traditional methods have not been effective.
 
Gastric Stapling (Restrictive) Surgery Procedure
Gastric stapling (restrictive) surgery is a type of bariatric surgery (weight loss surgery) procedure in which surgical staples are used to divide the stomach into two smaller sections, strictly limiting the amount of food a person can eat.
 
Laparoscopy
Laparoscopy is a procedure that utilizes a laparoscope, a thin flexible tube containing a video camera to examine the organs of the abdominal cavity.
 
Liver Biopsy
A liver biopsy is a procedure in which tissue samples from the liver are removed for examination under a microscope to look for signs of damage or disease. It is used to diagnose many liver conditions.
 
Liver Scan
A liver scan - also known as a liver-spleen scan - uses nuclear radiology to assess the function and structure of the liver and surrounding organs. It may also be used to assess the progress of treatment for certain conditions.
 
Liver Transplantation Procedure
Detailed information on liver transplantation, including the reasons and preparation for the procedure, how the procedure is performed, after care, and an anatomical illustration of the liver
 
Pancreas Scan
A pancreas scan uses nuclear radiology to search for, and sometime treat, tumors in the pancreas.
 
Pediatric Appendectomy
A pediatric appendectomy is a surgery that's performed to remove a child's appendix. The appendix is a small pouch that's attached to the large intestine on the lower right side of the abdomen.
 
Sigmoidoscopy
A sigmoidoscopy is a procedure that allows the physician to examine the lower one-third of the large intestine and is helpful in identifying the causes of diarrhea, abdominal pain, constipation, abnormal growths, and bleeding.
 
Upper Gastrointestinal Series
An upper gastrointestinal series (UGI) is an x-ray examination of the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract, including the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum.
 
Virtual Colonoscopy for Cancer Screening
 
Colectomy
 
Proctectomy
 
Gastric Banding Surgery for Teens
Gastric banding is a form of bariatric surgery. It is used to treat people with severe obesity who have trouble losing weight through diet or exercise alone.
 
CT Enterography
CT enterography is a diagnostic procedure that uses CT imagery and a contrast material for a better view of the interior of the small intestine.
 
MR Enterography
Magnetic resonance enterography, or MR enterography, is a minimally invasive imaging test that allows your doctor to obtain detailed pictures of your small bowel.
 
Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding
Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is one of the least invasive operations available for obesity. It is also one of the more effective.
 
BPD/DS Weight-Loss Surgery
BPD/DS is a complex weight-loss surgery that may be recommended for people who are extremely obese and have failed to lose weight through other treatments.
 
Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Weight-Loss Surgery
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is a type of weight-loss surgery that reduces the size of your stomach to a small pouch – about the size of an egg. It does this by stapling off a section of it.
 

Orthopaedic
 
Amputation Procedure
Amputation is the surgical removal of a leg or arm, or a part of one - such as a toe, finger, foot, or hand - usually as a result of injury, disease, or infection.
 
Joint X-ray with Contrast
Joint X-ray is used to examine a joint, such as the knee or hip, when standard X-rays are not adequate.
 
Arthroplasty
Arthroplasty is a surgical procedure that restores the function of a joint. A joint can be restored by resurfacing the bones, or by replacing it with an artificial joint.
 
Arthroscopy
Orthopedic surgeons use arthroscopy to diagnose and treat joint problems. An arthroscope is a small, tube shaped instrument that is used to look inside a joint.
 
Bone Biopsy
A bone biopsy is a procedure in which bone samples are removed to determine if cancer or other abnormal cells are present.
 
Bone Densitometry
Bone densitometry is used primarily to diagnose osteoporosis and to determine fracture risk.
 
Bone Marrow Biopsy
A bone marrow biopsy involves removing tissue from the red bone marrow to be sent to the lab for microscopic examination.
 
Bone Scan
A bone scan is used to examine the various bones of the skeleton to identify areas of physical and chemical changes in bone.
 
Bunion Surgery
The goal of surgery is to relieve pain and correct as much deformity as possible. The surgery is not cosmetic and is not meant to improve the appearance of the foot.
 
Carpal Tunnel Release
Carpal tunnel release is a surgery that’s used to treat and potentially heal the painful condition known as carpal tunnel syndrome.
 
Computed Tomography (CT or CAT) Scan of the Bones
A CT scan shows detailed images of the bones, muscles, fat, and organs. CT scans are more detailed than standard X-rays.
 
Computed Tomography (CT or CAT) Scan of the Spine
A CT scan of the spine may be performed to assess the spine for a herniated disk, tumors and other lesions, the extent of injuries, structural anomalies such as spina bifida, blood vessel malformations, or other conditions.
 
Fluoroscopy Procedure
Fluoroscopy is a study of moving body structures—similar to an X-ray "movie."
 
Hip Replacement Surgery
Hip replacement surgery is a procedure in which a damaged hip joint is replaced with an artificial hip joint. It is most commonly recommended as a treatment for severe osteoarthritis or damage due to fracture.
 
Joint Aspiration
Joint aspiration refers to removing fluid from the space around a joint—usually the knee—using a needle and syringe.
 
Knee Ligament Repair
Knee ligament repair is used when a knee ligament is torn and results in instability in the knee.
 
Knee Replacement Surgery Procedure
Knee replacement surgery is a procedure in which the ends of the bones in the knee are capped with metal and plastic parts. It is most commonly used to treat severe osteoarthritis.
 
Kyphoplasty
Kyphoplasty is used to treat fractures in the bones of the spine in which the doctor first inflates a balloon-like device in the bone to make space which is filled with cement.
 
Laminectomy
Laminectomy is a type of surgery in which a physician removes part or all of the vertebral bone to relieve compression of the spinal cord or the nerve roots.
 
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of the Bones, Joints, and Soft Tissues
Magnetic resonance imaging uses a combination of a large magnet, radiofrequencies, and a computer to produce detailed images of structures within the body.
 
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of the Spine and Brain
MRI may be used to examine the brain and/or spinal cord for injuries or the presence of structural abnormalities or certain other conditions, including tumors or aneurysms.
 
Muscle Biopsy
In a muscle biopsy, tissue and cells from muscle are removed and viewed microscopically. The procedure is used to diagnose diseases involving muscle tissue.
 
Myelogram
A myelogram, also known as myelography, is a procedure that combines the use of dye with x-rays or CT scans to assess the spinal cord, subarachnoid space, or other structures for abnormalities, particularly when another type of examination, such as a standard x-ray, is inconclusive.
 
Rotator Cuff Repair
If the rotator cuff is injured, it may need to be repaired surgically. This may include shaving off bone spurs that are pinching the shoulder, or repairing torn tendons or muscles.
 
X-rays of the Extremities
This procedure is often used as the first step in diagnosing injuries of the extremities, but may also be used to evaluate other problems involving the bones and/or soft tissues.
 
X-rays of the Spine, Neck, or Back
This procedure may be used to diagnose back or neck pain, fractures or broken bones, arthritis, degeneration of the disks, tumors, or other problems.
 
Vertebroplasty
Vertebroplasty is a procedure in which a special medical-grade cement mixture is injected into a fractured vertebra
 
Sympathetic Nerve Blocks for Pain
This therapy targets the sympathetic nervous system, a series of nerves that spread out from your spine to your body to help control several body functions, including blood flow.
 
Epidural Corticosteroid Injections
If you are experiencing intense, intractable pain in your legs or arms from inflamed spinal nerves, then an epidural steroid injection might be the preferred treatment to quickly give you relief.
 

Gynecology
 
Amniocentesis Procedure
Amniocentesis is a procedure used to obtain a small sample of the amniotic fluid that surrounds the fetus during pregnancy. The fluid is analyzed to help diagnose certain birth defects.
 
Bone Densitometry
Bone densitometry is used primarily to diagnose osteoporosis and to determine fracture risk.
 
Breast Biopsy
A breast biopsy is a procedure in which samples of breast tissue are removed with a special biopsy needle or during surgery to determine if cancer or other abnormal cells are present.
 
Breast Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
A breast MRI is a procedure in which large magnets, radiofrequencies, and a computer are used to take detailed pictures of the breast in order to search for abnormalities that may signal the presence of cancer.
 
Breast Scan
A breast scan is a procedure in which nuclear radiology is used to assess and diagnose various conditions, such as tumors, abscesses, hematomas, organ enlargement, and cysts, as well as organ function and blood flow to the tissue.
 
Breast Ultrasound
Ultrasound, or sound wave technology is used to examine breast tissue. It may also be used to assess blood flow to areas inside the breasts.
 
Cervical Biopsy
A cervical biopsy is a procedure performed to remove tissue from the cervix to test for abnormal or precancerous conditions, or cervical cancer.
 
Cesarean Delivery
Cesarean delivery is the surgical delivery of a baby by an incision through the mother's abdomen and uterus. This procedure is performed when it is determined to be a safer method than a vaginal delivery for the mother, baby, or both.
 
Chorionic Villus Sampling (CVS)
This prenatal test involves taking a sample of tissue from the placenta to test for chromosomal abnormalities and certain other genetic problems.
 
Colposcopy
Colposcopy is a procedure that uses an instrument with a magnifying lens and a light, called a colposcope, to examine the cervix (opening to the uterus) and vagina for abnormalities.
 
Cystoscopy for Women
Cytoscopy is a procedure in which a long, lighted scope is used to examine the urinary tract, bladder, urethra, and openings to the ureters and is used when problems with the urinary tract are suspected.
 
Dilation and Curettage (D and C)
A dilation and curettage procedure, also called a D and C, is a surgical procedure in which the cervix is dilated so that the cervical canal and uterine lining can be scraped with a spoon-shaped instrument to remove abnormal tissues.
 
Endometrial Ablation
Endometrial ablation is a procedure to permanently remove a thin tissue layer of the lining of the uterus to stop or reduce excessive or abnormal bleeding in women for whom childbearing is complete.
 
Endometrial Biopsy
An endometrial biopsy is a procedure performed to obtain a small tissue sample from the lining of the uterus.
 
Episiotomy
During childbirth, the vagina may not stretch enough. If this occurs, your health care provider may perform an episiotomy to help enlarge the opening and deliver the baby.
 
External and Internal Heart Rate Monitoring of the Fetus
The fetal heart rate may change as the fetus responds to conditions in the uterus. An abnormal fetal heart rate or pattern may indicate that the fetus is not getting enough oxygen or that there are other problems.
 
Fetal Ultrasound
Fetal ultrasound is a test used during pregnancy that creates an image of the fetus in the mother's uterus, or womb.
 
Hysterectomy
Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus. Different portions of the uterus, as well as other organs, may be removed at the same time.
 
Hysteroscopy
Hysteroscopy is the visual examination of the canal of the cervix and interior of the uterus using a thin, lighted, flexible tube called a hysteroscope.
 
Laparoscopy
Laparoscopy is a procedure that utilizes a laparoscope, a thin flexible tube containing a video camera to examine the organs of the abdominal cavity.
 
Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure (LEEP)
Loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) uses a wire loop heated by electric current to remove cells and tissue as part of the diagnosis and treatment for abnormal or cancerous conditions in a woman’s lower genital tract.
 
Breast-Conserving Surgery
A lumpectomy is a type of breast-conserving surgery in which a cancerous lump and a portion of the breast tissue around the cancerous lump are removed, leaving the breast intact.
 
Mammogram Procedure
A mammogram is an X-ray examination of the breast amd is used to detect and diagnose breast disease in women.
 
Mastectomy
A mastectomy is a surgical procedure in which all or a portion of a breast is removed as a part of a treatment plan for breast cancer.
 
Pap Test
A Pap test is a screening test to collect and microscopically examine cells taken from the cervix.
 
Pelvic Ultrasound
Ultrasound, or sound wave technology, is used to examine the organs and structures in the female pelvis.
 
Robotic Hysterectomy
Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of a woman's uterus. When this surgery is done through small incisions using a thin, lighted scope with a camera on the end (a laparoscope), it is called a laparoscopic hysterectomy.
 
Tubal Ligation
Tubal ligation is surgical procedure you may choose if you are an adult woman and you do not want to get pregnant in the future. You may have heard tubal ligation referred to as "getting your tubes tied."
 
Uterine Artery Embolization
This procedure, also be referred to as uterine fibroid embolization (UFE), is a minimally-invasive surgery that involves identifying which arteries supply blood to the fibroids and then blocking off those arteries.
 

Neurological
 
Carotid Artery Duplex Scan
A carotid artery duplex scan is used to assess blockage or narrowing of the carotid arteries of the neck and/or the branches of the carotid artery.
 
Cerebral Arteriogram
A cerebral arteriogram, also called an angiogram, is an x-ray image of the blood vessels in the brain. It is performed to evaluate various conditions, such as an aneurysm, narrowing of a blood vessel, or blockages.
 
Cervical Disk Replacement Surgery
Cervical disk replacement surgery involves removing a diseased cervical disk and replacing it with an artificial disk.
 
Computed Tomography (CT or CAT) Scan of the Brain
CT scans of the brain can provide detailed information about brain tissue and brain structures than standard x-rays of the head, thus providing more information related to injuries and/or diseases of the brain.
 
Computed Tomography (CT or CAT) Scan of the Spine
A CT scan of the spine may be performed to assess the spine for a herniated disk, tumors and other lesions, the extent of injuries, structural anomalies such as spina bifida, blood vessel malformations, or other conditions.
 
Craniotomy
A craniotomy is the surgical removal of part of the bone from the skull to expose the brain.
 
Deep Brain Stimulation
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a type of therapy that uses electrical stimulation to treat Parkinson’s disease, essential tremor, multiple sclerosis, and certain other neurological conditions.
 
Electroencephalogram (EEG)
The EEG is used to evaluate several types of brain disorders, including epilepsy, Alzheimer's disease, certain psychoses, and certain sleep disorders.
 
Electromyography (EMG)
Electromyography (EMG) measures muscle response or electrical activity in response to a nerve’s stimulation of the muscle. The test is used to help detect neuromuscular abnormalities.
 
Electronystagmography (ENG)
Detailed information on electronystagmography (ENG), including the reasons and preparation for the procedure, how the procedure is performed, after care, and an anatomical illustration of the ear
 
Endoscopic Endonasal Surgery
Endoscopic endonasal surgery is a minimally invasive technique that allows a surgeon to go through the nose to correct problems or remove a tumor in various areas of the brain and the top of the spine.
 
Endoscopic Pituitary Surgery
The pituitary gland is located at the bottom of your brain and above the inside of your nose. Endoscopic pituitary surgery is the most common surgery used to remove pituitary tumors.
 
Endovascular Coiling
During endovascular coiling, a catheter is used to insert a small coil into an artery in the brain. The coil constricts the artery, blocking blood flow to an aneurysm.
 
Endovascular Neurosurgery and Interventional Neuroradiology
Endovascular neurosurgery is a subspecialty within neurosurgery that uses catheters and radiology to diagnose and treat various conditions and diseases of the central nervous system.
 
Evoked Potentials Studies
Evoked potential studies may be used to assess hearing or sight, especially in infants and children, to diagnose disorders of the optic nerve, and to detect tumors or other problems affecting the brain and spinal cord.
 
Gamma Knife
Gamma Knife radiosurgery uses beams of highly focused gamma rays to treat small- to medium-sized lesions, usually in the brain.
 
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Wound Healing
Wounds need oxygen to heal properly, and exposing a wound to 100 percent oxygen can, in many cases, speed the healing process.
 
Lumbar Disk Replacement
A lumbar disk replacement is a type of back surgery. It involves replacing a worn or degenerated disk in the lower part of your spine with an artificial replacement made of medical-grade metal or a combination of medical-grade metal and medical-grade plastic.
 
Lumbar Puncture (LP)
A lumbar puncture (LP), also known as a spinal tap, is a diagnostic and/or therapeutic procedure used to remove a small amount of cerebrospinal fluid for examination and diagnosis of various disorders.
 
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of the Spine and Brain
MRI may be used to examine the brain and/or spinal cord for injuries or the presence of structural abnormalities or certain other conditions, including tumors or aneurysms.
 
Myelogram
A myelogram, also known as myelography, is a procedure that combines the use of dye with x-rays or CT scans to assess the spinal cord, subarachnoid space, or other structures for abnormalities, particularly when another type of examination, such as a standard x-ray, is inconclusive.
 
Nerve Conduction Velocity (NCV)
Nerve conduction velocity (NCV) test - also called a nerve conduction study (NCS) - is a measurement of the speed of conduction of an electrical impulse through a nerve. NCV can determine nerve damage and destruction.
 
Positron Emission Tomography (PET Scan)
Positron emission tomography (PET) is a specialized radiology procedure used to examine various body tissues to identify certain conditions. PET may also be used to follow the progress of the treatment of certain conditions.
 
Skull Base Surgery
Skull base surgery may be done to remove both benign and cancerous growths, and abnormalities on the underside of the brain, the skull base, or the top few vertebrae of the spinal column.
 
Sympathectomy
During a sympathectomy, a surgeon cuts or clamps the sympathetic nerve chain runs up and down along your spine. This procedure is used to treat heavy sweating in the palms of the hands, the face, the underarms, and feet, as well as to treat facial blushing and Raynaud phenomenon.
 
X-rays of the Spine, Neck, or Back
This procedure may be used to diagnose back or neck pain, fractures or broken bones, arthritis, degeneration of the disks, tumors, or other problems.
 
X-rays of the Skull
X-rays of the skull may be performed to diagnose fractures of the bones of the skull, birth defects, tumors, and certain disorders that cause bone defects of the skull. Skull X-rays may also be used to evaluate the nasal sinuses and detect calcifications within the brain.
 

Pulmonary
 
Bronchoscopy
A brochosopy is a procedure in which a long, lighted scope is inserted into the lungs in order to examine the airways of the lungs and to assess lung function.
 
Chest Fluoroscopy
Chest fluoroscopy may be performed when the motion of the lungs, diaphragm, or other structures in the chest need to be evaluated.
 
Chest Ultrasound
Chest ultrasound is a procedure in which sound wave technology is used alone, or along with other types of diagnostic methods, to examine the organs and structures of the chest.
 
Chest X-ray
A chest X-ray is used to examine the chest and the lungs and other organs and structures located in the chest.
 
Computed Tomography (CT or CAT) Scan of the Chest
CT/CAT scans are more detailed than standard x-rays and are often used to assess the organs of the respiratory and cardiovascular systems, and esophagus, for injuries, abnormalities, or disease.
 
Lobectomy
A lobectomy is a surgical procedure that removes one of the lobes of the lungs.
 
Lung Biopsy
A lung biopsy is a procedure in which tissue samples are removed with a special needle to determine if cancer or other abnormal cells are present.
 
Lung Scan
A lung scan is a procedure that uses nuclear radiology to assess the function and structure of the lungs. It is most often performed when problems with the lungs and respiratory tract are suspected.
 
Lung Transplantation Procedure
In a lung transplant, one or both diseased lungs are removed and replaced with a healthy lung from another person.
 
Mediastinoscopy
A mediastinoscopy is a surgical procedure performed to examine the mediastinum - the space behind the sternum (breastbone) in the middle of the chest that separates the two lungs.
 
Oximetry
Oximetry is a procedure used to measure the oxygen level—or oxygen saturation—in the blood.
 
Peak Flow Measurement
Peak flow measurement is a procedure that records the amount of air flowing out of your lungs. Peak flow can be measured with either a spirometer or a peak flow meter.
 
Pleural Biopsy
A pleural biopsy is a procedure in which a sample of the pleura (the membrane that surrounds the lungs) is removed with a special biopsy needle or during surgery to determine if disease, infection, or cancer is present.
 
Positron Emission Tomography (PET Scan)
Positron emission tomography (PET) is a specialized radiology procedure used to examine various body tissues to identify certain conditions. PET may also be used to follow the progress of the treatment of certain conditions.
 
Pulmonary Angiogram
A pulmonary angiogram is a procedure that uses a combination of contrast dye and X-rays to examine the blood vessels in the lungs and evaluate blood flow to the lungs.
 
Pulmonary Function Tests
Pulmonary function tests measure how well your lungs are functioning and are used to help diagnose certain lung disorders.
 
Sinus X-ray
A sinus x-ray is a type of x-ray used to obtain images of the sinuses - the air-filled cavities lined with mucous membranes located within the bones of the skull.
 
Sleep Study
A sleep study - or polysomnogram - consists of a number of medical tests performed at the same time during sleep. The tests measure specific sleep characteristics and help to diagnose sleep disorders.
 
Thoracentesis
Thoracentesis is a procedure in which a needle is inserted through the back of the chest wall to remove fluid or air from between the lungs and the interior chest wall.
 

Urology
 
24-Hour Urine Collection
Twenty-four hour urine collection is performed by collecting a person's urine in a special container over a 24-hour period. The results of a 24- hour urine collection may provide information to help your physician make or confirm a diagnosis.
 
Antegrade Pyelogram
An antegrade pyelogram is a procedure that uses a combination of contrast dye and X-rays to diagnose obstructions and other problems in the upper urinary tract.
 
Circumcision
Circumcision is the surgical removal of the foreskin that covers the tip of the penis.
 
Computed Tomography (CT or CAT) Scan of the Kidney
CT/CAT scans are more detailed than standard x-rays and are often used to assess the kidneys for injuries, abnormalities, or disease.
 
Cryotherapy for Prostate Conditions
 
Cystography
A cystography is a procedure that uses a combination of contrast dyes and X-rays to find the source of problems in, or assess injuries to the bladder.
 
Cystometry
Cystometry may be recommended to evaluate problems related to the muscle function of the bladder and urethra.
 
Cystoscopy for Women
Cytoscopy is a procedure in which a long, lighted scope is used to examine the urinary tract, bladder, urethra, and openings to the ureters and is used when problems with the urinary tract are suspected.
 
Intravenous Pyelogram
An intravenous pyelogram is a procedure that uses a combination of contrast dyes and X-rays to look for obstructions in the blood flow of the kidneys or poor kidney function.
 
Kidney Biopsy
A kidney biopsy is a procedure in which tissue samples are removed with a special needle to determine if cancer or other abnormal cells are present, or to determine how well the kidney is working.
 
Kidney Scan
A kidney scan uses nuclear radiology to assess the function and structure of the kidneys, as well as blood flow to the kidney tissue.
 
Kidney Transplantation Procedure
A kidney transplant is a surgical procedure performed to replace a diseased kidney with a healthy kidney from another person.
 
Kidney Ultrasound
An ultrasound of the kidney uses An ultrasound of the kidney is a procedure in which sound wave technology is used to assess the size, shape, and location of the kidneys in order to detect injuries, abnormalities or disease.
 
Kidney, Ureter, and Bladder X-ray
A KUB x-ray may be the first diagnostic procedure used to assess the urinary system; to find the cause of abdominal pain, such as masses, perforations, or obstruction; or to evaluate the urinary tract before other diagnostic procedures are performed.
 
Lithotripsy
Lithotripsy treats certain kidney stones with ultrasonic energy, or shock waves, once they are located with fluoroscopy or ultrasound.
 
Prostate Biopsy
A prostate biopsy is a procedure in which tissue samples are removed with a special needle to determine if cancer or other abnormal cells are present.
 
Prostate/Rectal Sonogram
A sonogram uses ultrasound technology to allow quick visualization of the prostate and related structures from outside the body. It may be used to examine the prostate gland for evidence of cancer.
 
Radical Prostatectomy
A prostatectomy is a surgical procedure for the partial or complete removal of the prostate. It may be performed to treat prostatic cancer or benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).
 
Renal Angiogram
A renal angiogram, also called an arteriogram, is an x-ray image of the blood vessels of the kidneys.
 
Renal Venogram
A renal venogram is a procedure in which contrast dye is combined with X-rays to examine the veins that carry blow away from the kidneys. It is often nused in conjunction with fluoroscopy.
 
Retrograde Cystography
Retrograde cystography is a procedure in which contrast dye is combined with X-rays to examine a bladder after abdominal trauma, or to find other bladder conditions such as tumors, blood clots, or diverticula.
 
Retrograde Pyelogram
A retrograde pyelogram is a type of x-ray that uses dye to highlight the bladder, ureters, and renal pelvis, and is usually performed during a procedure called cystoscopy.
 
Robotic Prostatectomy
Your prostate can be removed several ways. One way is for the surgeon to make several smaller cuts and removing the prostate using a tiny camera and surgical tools. This is called a laparoscopic prostatectomy. When a surgeon uses a robot during the procedure, it's known as a robotic prostatectomy.
 
Transurethral Resection of the Prostate (TURP)
A transurethral resection of the prostate is a surgical procedure that uses a tiny instrument to remove portions of the prostate gland through the penis, requiring no external incision.
 
Uroflowmetry
Uroflowmetry is a quick, simple diagnostic screening test that is commonly performed to determine if there is obstruction to normal urine outflow.
 
Vasectomy
Vasectomy is surgical procedure you may choose if you are a man and you do not want to father any more children. The word "vasectomy" comes from the two tubes called the "vas deferens" that are cut during the operation.
 

Lab Tests
 
5-Hydroxindoleacetic Acid (Urine)
This test measures the amount of 5-hydroindoleacetic acid in your urine. The test can help find out if you have a carcinoid tumor.
 
A1C
A1C is a blood test used to screen people to find out whether they have diabetes or prediabetes.
 
Acetaminophen Drug Level
The acetaminophen drug level is a blood test used to screen for the presence of the common pain reliever acetaminophen.
 
Acetylcholine Receptor Antibody (Blood)
This test measures the concentration of an antibody in your blood that may mean you have the autoimmune disease myasthenia gravis.
 
Acid-Fast Bacteria Culture
This test is done to find out if you have tuberculosis. Your doctor might order this test if you have a lung infection or symptoms of TB.
 
Acid-Fast Bacteria Smear
This test looks for a type of bacteria called acid-fast bacillus in your sputum. Tuberculosis is the most common infection from this type of bacteria.
 
Albumin (Blood)
This test measures the amount of the protein albumin in your blood. The test can help diagnose liver and kidney problems.
 
Albumin (Urine)
This test looks for a protein called albumin in your urine. The test is used to check for kidney damage or disease.
 
Alpha-1 Antitrypsin
This test checks to see if a liver disorder or lung disease is caused by a genetic disorder call alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency.
 
Alpha-Fetoprotein (Amniotic Fluid)
This test checks a sample of amniotic fluid to confirm a suspected birth defect called an open neural tube defect in your fetus. Spina bifida is an example of a neural tube defect.
 
Alpha-Fetoprotein (Blood)
If you are pregnant, this test looks for a fetal substance called alpha-fetoprotein in your blood. Higher levels of AFP may mean your fetus has a birth defect.
 
Alpha-Fetoprotein Tumor Marker (Blood)
This test looks for a protein in your blood that may mean that you have liver cancer or one of several other cancers.
 
ALT
This test measures the amount of a certain enzyme in your blood. High levels are a sign of liver damage.
 
Ammonia
This test checks the amount of ammonia in your blood. Ammonia may build up in your body if you have kidney or liver failure.
 
Bilirubin (Amniotic Fluid)
This test is done to see how well your baby is developing inside you.
 
Amphetamine Screen (Blood)
This test measures the amount of a drug called amphetamine in your blood. The test is most commonly used to screen for drug abuse.
 
Amphetamine Screen (Urine)
This test detects the presence of amphetamine in your urine. This drug can show up in your urine long after you've taken it.
 
Amylase (Blood)
This test measures the level of the enzyme amylase in your blood. Amylase levels in your blood rise when your pancreas or your salivary glands are inflamed.
 
Amylase (Urine)
This test is used to find out whether you have pancreatitis or another pancreas-related disorder.
 
Anaerobic Culture
This test looks for certain bacteria in a wound or an infection in a fluid sample. These bacteria are called anaerobic because they don’t need oxygen to grow.
 
Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (Blood)
This test measures the level of a certain enzyme in your blood. It can help diagnose a condition called sarcoidosis.
 
Anion Gap (Blood)
This test looks at electrically charged particles in your blood to help your doctor diagnose acid-base imbalances.
 
Antidiuretic Hormone
This test measures the amount of antidiuretic hormone (ADH) in your blood. ADH regulates your body's balance of water.
 
Antimitochondrial Antibody and Antimitochondrial M2 Antibody
This test looks for certain substances in your blood that may mean you have a form of liver disease.
 
Antimyocardial Antibody
This test checks the level of a certain antibody in your blood that can indicate heart damage. The antibodies show up before symptoms appear.
 
Antinuclear Antibody
This blood test is done to help your doctor diagnose a type of illness called an autoimmune disease.
 
Antiphospholipid Antibody
This test checks for antibodies that may can help diagnose a condition with abnormal blood clots or an autoimmune disease.
 
Antithrombin (Activity and Antigen)
The antithrombin activity and antigen tests are used to help find out what may be causing abnormal blood clots in your body.
 
Antitissue Transglutaminase Antibody
This test screens for celiac disease and also helps your doctor monitor your condition if you have this disease.
 
Apolipoprotein A
This test measures the amount of a protein in your blood related to LDL and HDL cholesterol. It can help predict your risk for heart disease.
 
Apolipoprotein B100
This test measures the amount of a certain type of cholesterol in your blood. The test helps your doctor figure out your risk for cardiovascular disease, a disease affecting your heart and blood vessels.
 
Activated Partial Thromboplastin Clotting Time
This test clocks the amount of time it takes for your blood to form a clot. You may need this test if your doctor suspects that you have a bleeding disorder.
 
Arterial Blood Gas (ABG)
An arterial blood gas analysis measures the balance of oxygen and carbon dioxide in your blood to see how well your lungs are working.
 
Aspartate Transaminase
This test is used to diagnose liver damage. AST is an enzyme that is found in your blood when your liver or muscles are damaged.
 
Bartonella Antibody
This blood test screens for exposure to Bartonella henselae, the bacteria that causes cat scratch disease.
 
Basic Metabolic Panel (Blood)
This blood test gives information about your body’s metabolism. It gives a snapshot of the health of your kidneys, your blood sugar levels, and the levels of key electrolytes, such as potassium and sodium.
 
Bence-Jones Protein (Urine)
This urine test is used mainly to diagnose and monitor multiple myeloma, a blood cancer.
 
Benzodiazepines (Blood)
This is a blood test to screen for a class of drugs called benzodiazepines. These are depressant drugs used to help patients sleep and ease anxiety.
 
Benzodiazepines (Urine)
This is a urine test to screen for a class of drugs called benzodiazepines. These drugs are often informally called tranquilizers, sleeping pills, and muscle relaxants.
 
Beta Hemolytic Streptococcus Culture (Genital, Urine)
This test looks for group B streptococcus (GBS) bacteria in a culture sample either from your urine or from secretions in your vagina and rectum.
 
Beta Hemolytic Streptococcus Culture (Throat)
This test looks for the bacteria that cause strep throat. This condition causes a severe sore throat and makes it painful to swallow.
 
Bicarbonate
This test measures the amount of bicarbonate, a form of carbon dioxide, in your blood.
 
Direct Bilirubin
This test looks for bilirubin in your blood or urine. The test is usually done to look for liver problems, such as hepatitis, or blockages, such as gallstones.
 
Blood Smear
This test looks at the number and shape of your red and white blood cells and platelets to see whether they are normal.
 
Blood Type and Crossmatch
This is a set of tests that looks for harmful interactions between your blood and donor blood. The tests are done before a blood transfusion.
 
BNP (Blood)
This test measures the amount of a protein that builds up in your blood when you have heart failure. It's an important tool for doctors to diagnose heart failure quickly.
 
Bone Marrow Aspiration and Biopsy
This is a two-part test that looks at the blood cells in a sample of bone marrow, the spongy tissue within certain bones. This test may help your doctor diagnose or monitor a blood disease or health condition affecting your marrow.
 
Bordetella Pertussis Antibody (Blood)
This test checks for Bordetella pertussis antibodies in your blood. B. pertussis are the bacteria that cause pertussis, or whooping cough.
 
Borrelia Antibody (Blood)
This test measures the level of Borrelia antibodies in your blood. Borrelia burgdorferi bacteria cause Lyme disease.
 
Borrelia Antibody (CSF)
This test looks for Borrelia antibodies in your cerebrospinal fluid. Borrelia burgdorferi bacteria cause Lyme disease.
 
Brucella Antibody
This test looks for brucellosis, an infectious disease usually caused by handling animals or milk products infected with the brucella bacteria.
 
Brucella Antibody (CSF)
This test looks at fluid from your spinal cord to find out if you have an illness called brucellosis.
 
C-Peptide (Urine)
This test measures how much insulin your body produces. This is important if you have hypoglycemia or other issues related to diabetes.
 
C-Reactive Protein (Blood)
This test is used to find out if you have inflammation in your body. The test detects the amount of a protein made by your liver and released into your bloodstream.
 
CA 125
This test looks for the protein CA 125 in your blood. CA 125 is higher in many women with ovarian cancer.
 
CA 19-9
This test looks for the antigen called CA 19-9 in your blood. It may help diagnose pancreatic cancer and other types of cancer.
 
CA 27-29
This blood test is used to monitor breast cancer and to find out whether it might recur. It is not a screening test.
 
Calcium (Blood)
This test measures the amount of calcium in your blood. It can be used to diagnose a variety of disorders, from kidney disease to parathyroid problems.
 
Calcium (Urine)
This test measures the level of calcium in your urine. If too much calcium builds up in your urine, you may be at risk for kidney stones.
 
Campylobacter Culture (Stool)
This test looks for harmful bacteria called Campylobacter in a culture sample from your stool.
 
Cannabinoid Screen and Confirmation (Urine)
This is a two-part test to look for THC, the active ingredient in marijuana, in your urine. It's considered quite accurate.
 
Carbon Dioxide (Blood)
This test measures the amount of carbon dioxide in your blood. Normally, carbon dioxide in your bloodstream causes no problems, but if you have far too much or too little of it, you may have a disease or a medical emergency.
 
Carbon Monoxide (Blood)
This test measures the level of carbon monoxide in your blood. You may need this test if you have smoke inhalation or symptoms of CO poisoning.
 
Carcinoembryonic Antigen
This test measures a protein called carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) in your blood. This protein is present on some types of cancer cells.
 
Cardiac Biomarkers (Blood)
This test measures the levels of cardiac biomarkers – enzymes, hormones, and proteins – in your blood. Some of these markers increase after you've had a heart attack.
 
Cardiolipin Antibody
This test helps your doctor diagnose clotting disorders and autoimmune diseases. It measures the concentration of antibodies related to a fat molecule in your blood.
 
Total and Free Carnitine
This test measures the amount of a substance called carnitine in your blood. Carnitine makes it possible for your body to digest fatty acids.
 
Catecholamines (Blood)
This test measures the levels of catecholamines in your blood. The catecholamine hormones are epinephrine, also called adrenaline; norepinephrine; and dopamine.
 
Catecholamines (Urine)
This test measures the levels of catecholamines in your urine. The test may help find out whether you have a rare type of tumor.
 
CD4-CD8 Ratio
This test looks at the ratio of two important types of white blood cells in your blood. If you have HIV, the results can help your doctor know how strong your immune system is.
 
Ceruloplasmin (Blood)
This test measures the amount of copper-containing protein in the blood. It can help diagnose copper disorders like Wilson's disease.
 
Chlamydia Pneumoniae (Swab)
If your health care provider suspects that you have this type of pneumonia, he or she may do a swab test of your nose or throat.
 
Chlamydia Trachomatis (Swab)
This test looks for bacteria that cause chlamydia, the most common sexually transmitted disease in the U.S.
 
Chlamydia Trachomatis (Urine)
This test looks for the bacteria that cause chlamydia, the most common sexually transmitted disease in the U.S.
 
Chloride
This test will find out how much chloride is in your blood and help your doctor find out if you have a kidney problem.
 
Chloride (Urine)
This test measures the amount of chloride in your urine. Knowing your chloride level is useful if you have a condition called metabolic alkalosis.
 
Cholesterol
This test measures the amount of cholesterol in your blood to help determine your risk for heart disease.
 
Cholinesterase (Blood)
This test looks for toxic chemicals in your blood. These chemicals are most often found in insecticides, either those use in fields or those used in bug sprays.
 
Chromosome Analysis
This test looks for changes, or abnormalities, in the chromosomes that make up your body’s DNA, or genetic road map.
 
Clinical Genetic Testing
This screening test looks for inherited diseases or genes that put you at risk for a certain disease.
 
Clonazepam Drug Level (Blood)
This test measures the amount of clonazepam in your blood. Clonazepam is a drug used to treat seizures.
 
Clostridium Difficile Toxin (Stool)
This test looks at your stool for toxins that may be causing persistent diarrhea.
 
Cocaine Screen
A cocaine screen is a test done to find out whether you have used cocaine recently. The test can be done on your urine, saliva, blood, hair, or sweat.
 
Complement C3 (Blood)
This test measures the amount of C3 proteins in your blood. C3 proteins are part of your immune system. This test can help diagnose lupus.
 
Complement C4 (Blood)
This test measures the amount of a protein called C4 in your blood. You may need this test if your doctor suspects that you have an autoimmune disease.
 
Complete Blood Count
This test looks at the number and size of various blood cells to help judge your overall health or to diagnose a range of illnesses, from anemia to infections.
 
Complete Blood Count with Differential
This panel of tests looks for many illnesses, including anemia, infections, and leukemia, in your blood. It can help see how your overall health is.
 
Comprehensive Metabolic Panel
This test is a screening panel of 14 tests that look at your metabolism. The tests help see how well your liver and kidneys are working.
 
Cortisol (Blood)
This test may help in the diagnosis of two fairly uncommon medical conditions: Cushing’s syndrome and Addison’s disease. The test also screens for other diseases that affect your pituitary and adrenal glands.
 
Cortisol (Urine)
This test looks for two rare medical conditions: Cushing's syndrome and Addison's disease, as well as other diseases that affect your pituitary and adrenal glands.
 
Creatine Kinase (Blood)
This test measures the amount of a protein called creatine kinase (CK) in your blood. Levels of CK can rise after a heart attack or skeletal muscle injury.
 
Creatine Kinase with Isoenzymes (Blood)
This test is used to find out whether you have muscle damage, including damage to your heart muscle.
 
Creatine Kinase MB (Blood)
This test measures the amount of the enzyme creatine kinase in your blood. A certain form of this enzyme can help find out whether you're having a heart attack.
 
Creatine Kinase MB/Creatine Kinase Ratio
This test measures the amount of creatine kinase (CK), an enzyme, in your blood. The test can help your doctor find out whether you're having a heart attack.
 
Creatinine Clearance
This test looks at how well your kidneys are working and how well blood is flowing to them.
 
Creatinine (Blood)
This test checks to see how well your kidneys are working. Creatinine is a normal waste product. If it builds up in your body, it could be a sign of kidney disease.
 
Creatinine (Urine)
This test measures the level of a substance called creatinine in your urine. Too much creatinine may be a sign of kidney disease.
 
Cryofibrinogen
This test looks for abnormal proteins in your blood plasma. These abnormal proteins may mean you have a life-threatening disease called cryofibrinogenemia.
 
Cryoglobulin
This test is done to find out if you have abnormal proteins in your blood. They can be a sign of rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, or Raynaud's syndrome, among other illnesses.
 
Cystatin C
This test measures the amount of a protein called cystatin C in your blood. This is a relatively new blood test to look at your kidney health.
 
Cystic Fibrosis Genetic Carrier Testing
This test is done to see if you carry a defective gene that may cause cystic fibrosis in your child.
 
Gene Mutation for Cystic Fibrosis in Newborns (Blood)
This test looks for cystic fibrosis in newborn babies. People with CF tend to develop chronic lung disease and are at risk for lung infections.
 
Cystic Fibrosis Sweat Test
A chloride sweat test is the gold standard test for diagnosing cystic fibrosis, a disease that causes mucus to build up in the lungs and other organs.
 
Cytomegalovirus (Amniotic Fluid)
This test checks a developing baby for cytomegalovirus (CMV), a virus that belongs to the herpes family of viruses.
 
Cytomegalovirus (Blood)
This test looks for antibodies to cytomegalovirus (CMV), a virus in the herpes family, in your blood.
 
Cytomegalovirus (Urine)
This test looks for cytomegalovirus, a common virus that belongs to the herpes family. Your doctor might order the test if you have unexplained symptoms that resemble the flu.
 
D-Dimer
This test is used to rule out whether you have a blood clot. When blood clots form and start to break down, they release the substance D-dimer into the blood.
 
Deamidated Gliadin Antibody
This test helps your doctor find out whether you have celiac disease, an autoimmune disorder.
 
Dehydroepiandrosterone and Dehydroepiandrosterone Sulfate
This test measures the level of DHEA and DHEA-S in your blood. It may also be used to check how well your adrenal glands are working.
 
Digoxin Drug Level
This test measures the amount of the heart drug digoxin in your blood. When you take digoxin, it’s important that the drug be at the right level for you to benefit from it.
 
Diphtheria Antitoxoid Antibody
This test measures the level of diphtheria antibodies in your blood. Diphtheria is extremely rare in the U.S., but you may be at risk if you have traveled to an area where the disease is common.
 
Direct Antiglobulin
The direct antiglobulin test, or direct Coombs test, is a blood test used to diagnose a type of anemia caused by your immune system.
 
EBV Antibody
This test checks for antibodies to the Epstein-Barr virus. It often doesn't have any symptoms, but in teens and young adults, it can mononucleosis.
 
Electrolytes
This test measures the main electrolytes in your body: sodium, chloride, potassium, and carbon dioxide.
 
Endomysial Antibody
This test looks for certain antibodies in your blood that may mean you have celiac disease, an autoimmune disease that affects your intestines.
 
Entamoeba histolytica Antibody
This test looks for antibodies to a parasite that causes the disease amebiasis. This disease is more common in tropical countries with poor sanitation.
 
Immunohistochemical Test for Estrogen and Progesterone Receptors
This test looks for several types of receptors on cells in a sample of breast cancer tissue. It helps your doctor figure out which type of breast cancer you have.
 
Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate
This test measures how quickly your red blood cells settle to the bottom of a test tube. The faster they settle, the more likely you have inflammation.
 
Erythropoietin (Blood)
This test measures how much of the hormone erythropoietin you have in your blood. You may need this test to help find out what kind of anemia you have.
 
Estradiol (Blood)
This test measures the amount of estradiol (E2), the form of estrogen made primarily by the ovaries.
 
Ethanol (Blood)
This test measures the amount of alcohol, or ethanol, in your blood. This test is used by law enforcement agencies and hospitals to find out the concentration of alcohol in a person’s blood.
 
Factor I
This test measures the amount of a protein called factor I, or fibrinogen, in your blood. It helps find out if you have a bleeding or clotting disorder.
 
Factor II
This test measures how much of the protein prothrombin, or factor II, is in your blood. It can help diagnose bleeding and clotting disorders.
 
Factor IX (Antihemophilic Factor B)
The factor IX test is part of a larger screening to find out which type of hemophilia you have.
 
Factor V
This test looks for a deficiency in a protein called factor V. This protein is one of your body's "clotting factors." When you have too little factor V, you may have bleeding problems.
 
Factor VIII (Antihemophilic Factor A)
This test helps find out whether you have hemophilia A or another clotting disorder.
 
Factor X
This test checks for a deficiency in a protein in the blood known as Factor X. This protein helps with clotting.
 
Factor XI
This test measures the amount of factor XI in your blood. Factor XI is a substance that plays an important role in blood clotting.
 
Factor XII
This test measures the amount of a protein called coagulation factor XII in your blood. Factor XII is one of several clotting factors.
 
Fecal Fat
This test measures the amount of fat in your stool. Having too much fat in your stool may mean that you have malabsorption.
 
Fecal Occult Blood Test
A fecal occult blood test checks a stool sample for blood that can't be seen with the naked eye. Blood in the stool is a sign of bleeding in the digestive tract.
 
Ferritin (Blood)
This test measures how much iron is in your blood. Too much or too little iron can cause health problems.
 
Fetal Fibronectin
This test measures the amount of a protein made during pregnancy. It can help your doctor know if you are at risk for premature delivery.
 
Fluphenazine Drug Level (Blood)
This test measures the amount of fluphenazine in your blood. The medication is used to treat schizophrenia and Tourette's syndrome.
 
Folate
This test measures the amount of folate in either your serum or your red blood cells.
 
Follicle-Stimulating Hormone
This test measures the level of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), an important hormone made in your pituitary gland.
 
Fragile X Syndrome (Amniotic Fluid)
This test checks a sample of your amniotic fluid to find out whether your fetus may have fragile X syndrome, a rare genetic disorder.
 
Free Androgen Index
This test is used to find out whether your levels of the hormone androgen are normal. The levels are different for men and women.
 
Free T4
This test measures the level of free T4 in your blood. It helps your doctor know how well your thyroid is working.
 
Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase
This test finds out whether you have low levels of a particular enzyme that can cause hemolytic anemia.
 
Galactosemia
This test looks for enzyme activity in the red blood cells in your child’s blood. It can help diagnose galactosemia, a rare inherited disorder.
 
Gamma-Glutamyl Transpeptidase
This test looks for an enzyme called gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase in your blood. The test can help find out whether you have liver damage.
 
Gastrin
This test measures the amount of the hormone gastrin in your blood. You may need this test if you have recurrent peptic ulcers.
 
Giardia Antigen (Stool)
This is a stool sample test to look for the parasite Giardia intestinalis, which causes an infection of the small bowel called giardiasis or travelers’ diarrhea.
 
Glomerular Filtration Rate
This test looks for changes in how well your kidneys are working. This is especially important if you have diabetes or high blood pressure.
 
Glucose (Blood)
A blood glucose test tells you whether your level of glucose is within a healthy range. Fasting plasma glucose is a common test for diagnosing diabetes.
 
Glucose (CSF)
This test measures the amount of glucose in the fluid that surrounds your brain and spinal cord. If you have a serious infection, your glucose level may be lower than normal.
 
Glucose Tolerance
This test is used to screen for prediabetes or diabetes. For the test, you drink a sweet beverage and then have your blood drawn several times over the next few hours.
 
Two-Hour Postprandial Glucose
This blood test checks for diabetes. It is done after you eat a meal, so your doctor can see how your body responds to the sugar and starch in the food.
 
Glucose (Urine)
This test is used to indirectly find out if your levels of glucose – blood sugar – are within a healthy range. It's used to monitor both type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
 
Gonorrhea Culture (Discharge)
This test looks for the bacteria that cause gonorrhea, a sexually transmitted disease.
 
Gonorrhea Culture (DNA Probe)
This test looks for DNA of gonorrhea bacteria in a sample of bodily fluid. It can distinguish between an infection caused by gonorrhea and one caused by chlamydia.
 
Gonorrhea (Urine)
This test looks at your urine to find out whether you are infected with gonorrhea, a common sexually transmitted disease.
 
Gram Stain
This test finds out whether you have a bacterial infection. The test can be used on various bodily fluids, such as blood and urine.
 
Growth Hormone Antibody
This test looks for growth hormone (GH) antibodies in your blood. These antibodies may mean that your growth treatment may not be working.
 
Growth Hormone (Blood)
This test measures the amount of growth hormone in your blood. This hormone affects height, bone, and muscle growth in children. It affects how adults feel and look, as well as their bone and muscle health.
 
Growth Hormone with Stimulation (Blood)
This test measures the level of growth hormone in your blood by stimulating hormone production.
 
Growth Hormone with Suppression (Blood)
This test measures the level of growth hormone in your blood. Too much of this hormone may mean you have a tumor in your pituitary gland.
 
Haemophilus Influenzae Antibody
This test measures the amount of anti-Hib IgG iantibody in your blood. The test can find out how well your body has responded to the Hib vaccine.
 
Haptoglobin
This test measures the level of a protein called haptoglobin in your blood. Low levels may mean that you have a type of anemia.
 
HCG (Blood)
This test is the gold standard for determining whether you are pregnant. It shows that you are pregnant before an imaging test, such as an ultrasound, can do so.
 
HCG (Urine)
This test measures the amount of human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) in your urine. It can tell whether you are pregnant within days of a missed period.
 
HDL Cholesterol
This test measures the amount of HDL ("good") cholesterol in your blood. It's one of several tests that can determine your risk for heart disease.
 
Helicobacter Pylori Antibody
This test measures the levels of Helicobacter pylori antibodies in your blood. The test can help find out whether your peptic ulcers are caused by these bacteria.
 
Helicobacter Pylori Culture
This test is used to find out if you are infected with Helicobacter pylori bacteria.
 
Helicobacter Pylori Urea Breath
This is a breath test that checks for H. pylori, a common infection that can cause ulcers and other stomach irritations.
 
Hematocrit
This test measures how much of your blood is made up of red blood cells. Too many or too few red blood cells can cause health problems.
 
Hemoglobin
This is a blood test to find out how much hemoglobin is in your blood. You may need this test if you have anemia or symptoms of anemia.
 
Hemoglobin C
This test can find out whether you have hemoglobin C disease, a blood disorder. Hemoglobin C causes hemolytic anemia, which is similar to sickle cell disease.
 
Hemoglobin (Fetal)
Fetal hemoglobin is one of many types of hemoglobin in the blood. High levels may mean you have thalassemia, myeloid leukemia, or sickle cell anemia.
 
Hemoglobin S
This test looks for an abnormal type of hemoglobin called hemoglobin S in your blood. This type of hemoglobin can be a sign that you have sickle cell disease.
 
Hepatitis A Antibody
This test finds out whether you are infected with the hepatitis A virus. Hepatitis A is one of five hepatitis viruses, all of which can infect the liver.
 
Hepatitis B Core Antibody
This test looks for antibodies called IgM in your blood. The test is used to find out whether you are actively infected with the hepatitis B virus.
 
Hepatitis B Surface Antigen
This test looks for hepatitis B surface antigens in your blood. The test is used to find out whether you have a recent or long-standing infection from the hepatitis B virus.
 
Hepatitis C Antibody
This test determines whether you are infected with the hepatitis C virus, a virus that attacks the liver and can lead to liver disease.
 
Hepatitis Panel
This test finds out whether you have a hepatitis infection. It looks for infection by one of several hepatitis viruses.
 
Herpes Simplex Virus Antibody
This test screens for the herpes simplex virus and can help diagnose current and recurrent infections.
 
Herpes Simplex Virus Culture and Typing
This test looks for which type of herpes simplex virus is causing your infection.
 
HIV-1 Antibody
The test looks for HIV-1 antibodies in your blood. Your body makes these antibodies when you have been exposed to HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.
 
HIV Genotypic Resistance
This blood test looks at the genetic makeup of a strain of HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. The test can be useful in planning your treatment for HIV.
 
HIV-1/HIV-2 Rapid Screen
This test looks for HIV infection in your blood or saliva. It can give you results in about 20 minutes.
 
HIV Viral Load
This test measure the amount of HIV in your blood. HIV causes AIDS, and this test is used to see how well your HIV treatment is working.
 
HLA Antibody
This test looks for a certain antibody made by your immune system. The test is done if you need an organ transplant.
 
HLA Antigen
This test looks at the human leukocyte antigens (HLA) in your blood. It helps match donors and recipients for stem-cell and organ transplants.
 
HLA-B27 Antigen
This test looks for a certain protein made by your immune system. The test can help tell whether you have an autoimmune disease.
 
Homocysteine
This test measures levels of homocysteine in your blood. At high levels, it can damage the lining of arteries and encourage blood clotting.
 
Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
This test looks for the virus that causes genital warts and cervical, throat, and anal cancer.
 
HSV DNA (CSF)
This test finds out if you have DNA from the herpes simplex virus in your nervous system. It can help diagnose encephalitis and meningitis.
 
Immunofixation (Blood)
This blood test finds out if you are abnormally making or losing protein or whether you are having problems absorbing protein.
 
Immunofixation by Electrophoresis (Urine)
This test separates and measures proteins in your urine. It looks for an abnormal protein called monoclonal protein, or M-protein.
 
Immunofixation and Protein Electrophoresis (CSF)
This test looks for certain proteins in a sample of your cerebral spinal fluid. Having these proteins may be a sign of multiple sclerosis or other central nervous system disorder.
 
Insulin-Like Growth Factor
This test measures the amount of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) in your blood.
 
Total and Free Insulin (Blood)
This test measures two types of insulin in your body: total and free. The test can help diagnose low blood sugar, or hypoglycemia.
 
International Normalized Ratio
This blood test looks to see how well your blood clots. The test is especially important if you take blood-thinning medications.
 
Intrinsic Factor Antibody
This is a blood test for pernicious anemia, which is caused by a deficiency of vitamin B12.
 
Iron (Blood)
This test measures the level of iron in your blood. Having too little or too much iron can lead to health problems.
 
Iron and Total Iron-Binding Capacity
These tests measure the amount of iron in your blood and how well that iron moves through your body.
 
Ketone Bodies (Blood)
This test measures ketones, a byproduct of digestion, in your blood. A high level of ketones is a potentially fatal complication of diabetes.
 
Ketone Bodies (Urine)
This test checks the amount of ketones you have in your body. People with diabetes may have high levels of ketones.
 
Kidney Stone (Urine)
This test checks your urine for chemicals that might cause your body to form kidney stones.
 
Lactate Dehydrogenase (CSF)
This test measures the amount of an enzyme in your cerebrospinal fluid. The test can help diagnose diseases and conditions that affect your central nervous system.
 
Lactate Dehydrogenase Isoenzymes
This test measures different enzymes in your blood. You may need this test if you've had a heart attack, or if you have a blood disorder or liver damage.
 
Lactic Acid Dehydrogenase (Blood)
This test looks at how much of the enzyme LDH you have in your blood. Higher levels of this substance could mean you've had a heart attack or other tissue damage.
 
Lactose Tolerance (Blood)
This test tells whether your body is able to break down lactose, a sugar found in milk and other dairy products. If you can't digest lactose, you have lactose intolerance.
 
Lactose Tolerance Hydrogen (Breath)
This test measures the amount of hydrogen gas in your breath. It can help find out if you are unable to digest milk and other dairy products.
 
LDL Cholesterol
This test measures the amount of LDL cholesterol in your blood. It may be done as part of a routine exam for high cholesterol.
 
Lead (Blood)
This test measures the amount of lead in your child’s blood. High levels of lead in the blood can be toxic.
 
Adult Lead (Blood)
This test measures the levels of lead in your blood. You may be exposed to lead on your job or through lead-based paint used in your home.
 
Legionella Antibody
This test looks for an antibody that may be in your blood if you have Legionnaires’ disease. This disease is a type of pneumonia or serious lung infection.
 
Leptin (Blood)
This test measures the amount of leptin in your blood. The test can help figure out how much body fat you have.
 
Lipase
This test measures the amount of lipase in your blood. Lipase is an enzyme that is made by your pancreas. Higher levels may mean you have a problem with your pancreas.
 
Lipid Panel
This group of tests measures the amount of cholesterol and other fats in your blood.
 
Lipid Panel with Total Cholesterol: HDL Ratio
This group of tests measures the amount of cholesterol and triglycerides in your blood. This test looks at the ratio between total and HDL cholesterol levels.
 
Lipid Panel with Non-HDL Cholesterol
This test measures your level of LDL ("bad") cholesterol. The higher your LDL levels, the greater your risk for heart disease.
 
Lipoprotein-Associated Phospholipase A2
This test looks for a specific lipoprotein, Lp-PLA2, in your blood. The test is used to help predict your risk for cardiovascular disease and stroke.
 
Lithium
This test measures and monitors the amount of lithium in your blood. Lithium is a medication used to treat certain psychiatric illnesses.
 
Liver Kidney Microsomal Antibody
This test looks for a certain type of antibody in your child’s blood. Having this antibody may mean that your child has liver damage caused by a form of hepatitis.
 
Liver Panel
This group of tests measures specific proteins and enzymes in your blood. It can tell how healthy your liver is and help diagnose liver disease or damage.
 
Lipoprotein(a) Cholesterol
This test measures the level of lipoprotein (a) in your blood. A high level of this cholesterol may mean you have heart disease or another cholesterol-related condition.
 
Lecithin-Sphingomyelin Ratio (Amniotic Fluid)
This test measures two substances found in amniotic fluid near the end of pregnancy. The amounts can tell your doctor how mature your unborn baby's lungs are.
 
Lupus Anticoagulant
This is a specialized blood test to determine whether your body is producing certain antibodies or proteins that cause you to have a blood-clotting disorder.
 
Luteinizing Hormone (Blood)
This test measures the level of luteinizing hormone in your blood. It can help figure out the cause of infertility or diagnose a pituitary disorder.
 
Magnesium (Blood)
This test measures the amount of magnesium in your blood. Too little or too much of this mineral can mean you have certain health problems.
 
MDMA Drug Screen (Urine)
This is a urine test to screen for MDMA, a street drug also known as Ecstasy.
 
Mercury (Blood)
This test measures the amount of mercury in your blood. You can be exposed to mercury from polluted air or water, if you work in an industry that still uses mercury, from eating fish that are high in mercury, and from some complementary and alternative health remedies.
 
Mercury (Urine)
This test measures the amount of mercury in your urine. Long-term exposure to mercury can cause kidney and brain damage.
 
Metanephrines (Blood)
This test measures the substances metanephrine and normetanephrine in your blood. It helps find out whether you have a tumor of the adrenal glands.
 
Methylmalonic Acid (Blood)
This test measures the amount of a substance called methymalonic acid (MMA) in your blood. Higher levels may mean you have a vitamin B12 deficiency.
 
Methylmalonic Acid (Urine)
This test measures the amount of a substance called methylmalonic acid (MMA) in your urine. It can help diagnose a B12 deficiency.
 
Microalbumin (Urine)
This test looks for minuscule amounts of albumin in your urine. The test can find out whether diabetes has damaged your kidneys.
 
Measles, Mumps, Rubella Antibody
This test looks for antibodies to three diseases: measles, mumps, and rubella.
 
Mononucleosis (Blood)
This test looks for signs in your blood that you have the Epstein-Barr virus, the virus that causes mono.
 
MRSA Culture
This test looks for bacteria called methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in a fluid sample from your body.
 
Mumps Antibody
This test looks for antibodies to the mumps virus in your blood. Mumps is a contagious disease that usually begins with flu-like symptoms.
 
Mycoplasma (Genital)
This test looks for microorganisms in a sample of secretions from your genital area. Mycoplasma may be a sign of infection or a sexually transmitted disease.
 
Mycoplasma (Sputum)
This test looks at sputum, or the mucus from your lower airways. It finds out whether you have a lung infection caused by a certain organism.
 
Myoglobin (Blood)
This test measures the amount of a protein called myoglobin in your blood. It’s done to help diagnose conditions caused by muscle damage, including heart attack.
 
Myoglobin (Urine)
This test measures a protein called myoglobin in your urine. The test can help find out whether your muscle tissue has been injured.
 
Osmolality (Blood)
This test measures the concentration of dissolved particles, or osmolality, in your blood.
 
Osmolality (Stool)
This test measures the concentration, or osmolality, of certain particles in a sample of your watery stool. The test is used to find out why you have chronic diarrhea.
 
Osmolality (Urine)
This test measures the concentration of particles in your urine. It finds out whether your electrolyte balance is normal and whether your kidneys are working properly.
 
Ova and Parasites (Stool)
This test looks for parasites and their larvae or eggs in a sample of your stool.
 
Oxalate (Urine)
This test checks for the chemical oxalate in your blood. High levels of this substance can make it more likely that you will develop kidney stones.
 
Pancreatic Polypeptide
This test measures a substance in your blood called pancreatic polypeptide. Higher levels may mean you have a type of pancreatic tumor.
 
Pap
This screening test looks for abnormal cells in the cervix. If abnormal cells are found, your doctor can treat them right away, before they become cancerous.
 
Parathyroid Hormone
This test measures a substance called parathyroid hormone in your blood. This hormone is needed to help regulate the level of calcium in your blood.
 
Parvovirus
This test checks for a current or past infection with the virus that causes fifth disease in children.
 
Phenobarbital
This test measures the amount of the drug phenobarbital in your blood. Phenobarbital is used to treat epilepsy.
 
Phenylketonuria (PKU)
This test checks newborns for PKU, a condition that can cause brain damage and severe intellectual disability if untreated.
 
Plasmodium (Blood)
This test looks for Plasmodium parasites in your blood. The parasites cause malaria, a serious disease that can be fatal if left untreated.
 
Platelet Antibody
This test looks for platelet antibodies in your blood in order to find out the cause of a low platelet count.
 
Platelets
This test measures the number of platelet cells in your blood. It can give your doctor valuable information about how well your blood clots to stop bleeding, how well your bone marrow is working, and about diseases that affect your platelet count.
 
Pneumocystis Jirovecii (Tissue, Fluid)
This test looks for P. jirovecii fungus in your lung tissue or in fluid from a lung. This fungus causes pneumocystis pneumonia.
 
Porphyrins (Urine)
This test looks for substances called porphyrins in your urine. If high levels are present, you may have a disease that affects the way the hemoglobin in your blood works.
 
Potassium
This test measures the amount of potassium in your blood. It's often part of a routine blood test to check your level of electrolytes.
 
Prealbumin (Blood)
The prealbumin screen is a blood test to see whether you are getting enough protein in your diet.
 
Progesterone
This test measures the level of a hormone called progesterone in your blood. You may need this test if you are having trouble getting pregnant.
 
Proinsulin (Blood)
This blood test measures proinsulin, a building block for insulin. Measuring proinsulin in your blood can help figure out your risk for type 1 or type 2 diabetes.
 
Prolactin (Blood)
This test measures the level of prolactin in your blood. The test can help find out whether you have a pituitary gland tumor.
 
Protein C (Blood)
This test measures the level of protein C in your blood. If you have too little protein C, called a protein C deficiency, it means that your blood may clot too much.
 
Protein Electrophoresis (Blood)
Protein electrophoresis is a test that measures specific proteins in the blood.
 
Protein S (Blood)
This test measures levels of protein S, a protein in the blood that helps it to clot.
 
Protoporphyrin (Blood)
The protoporphyrin test is used to diagnose blood abnormalities caused by lead. The test can indicate lead exposure or lead poisoning.
 
Prostate-Specific Antigen
This test measures the level of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in your blood. If your PSA levels start to rise, you may have prostate cancer.
 
Prothrombin Time
This test is one of several that looks at how well your blood clots. Your doctor may use this test to help diagnose a blood clotting disorder.
 
Partial Thromboplastin Time
This test is used to help diagnose bleeding problems and clotting disorders. It's often done before surgery to find out if you're at risk for uncontrolled bleeding.
 
Quantitative Immunoglobulins
This test measures the amount of antibodies called immunoglobulins in your blood. The test can tell whether you are lacking in one or more of these antibodies.
 
Quantitative Influenza Antibody (Nasal or Throat Swab)
This test checks for influenza antibodies in a sample of secretions from your nose or throat.
 
Rapid Influenza Antigen (Nasal or Throat Swab)
This test is quickly checks for signs of the influenza virus in a sample of secretions from your nose or throat.
 
Rapid Plasma Reagin
This test looks for signs of syphilis, a sexually transmitted disease that can cause serious health problems if untreated.
 
Rapid Detection of Respiratory Syncytial Virus
This test looks at cells taken from fluid in your nose or throat to see if you have respiratory syncytial virus, which attacks the upper respiratory tract.
 
Strep Screen (Rapid)
This test looks for bacteria that cause strep throat and scarlet fever. Both of these illnesses are quite contagious.
 
Red Blood Cell Antibody
This test looks for antibodies to red blood cells (RBCs) in your blood. These antibodies can cause problems during blood transfusions or, if you're pregnant, with your unborn baby.
 
Retic Count
This test measures the number of reticulocytes in your blood. It can be used to diagnose anemia and find out why you have a disease.
 
Rh Typing
Rh typing is very important during pregnancy. If you are Rh negative and your baby is Rh positive, you may have an Rh incompatibility.
 
Rheumatoid Factor (Blood)
This test measures the level of a substance called rheumatoid factor in your blood. It helps your doctor find out whether you have rheumatoid arthritis.
 
Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (Blood)
This blood test is used to look for antibodies that your body makes to fight Rocky Mountain spotted fever, a serious bacterial infection caused by a tick bite.
 
Rotavirus (Stool)
This stool test is used to diagnose a rotavirus infection, which causes vomiting and diarrhea.
 
Rubella
This test measures the amount of rubella antibodies in your blood. If you're pregnant, it's especially important to know if you have immunity against this virus.
 
Rubeola Antibody (Blood)
This test finds out whether you have been exposed to the virus that causes measles, an extremely contagious disease.
 
Salicylate (Blood)
This test looks for high levels of salicylate, the main ingredient in aspirin. It may be used to diagnose an aspirin overdose or to monitor people taking high doses for arthritis.
 
Salmonella Culture (Stool)
This test looks for salmonella bacteria in your stool. Having these bacteria in your stool means you have a salmonella infection.
 
Semen Analysis
This is a series of tests that looks at how healthy your semen and sperm are.
 
Serotonin
This test is sometimes used to help diagnose carcinoid syndrome, a problem that can occur in people with carcinoid tumors.
 
Free Light Chains (Blood)
This test looks for signs of antibodies called immunoglobulins in your blood. It can help diagnose an illness called multiple myeloma.
 
Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (Blood)
This test measures the level of SHBG in your blood. It can help find out whether you have abnormal testosterone levels.
 
Sjogren's Antibody (Blood)
This test checks for antibodies that are a sign of Sjögren's syndrome, an autoimmune disease that makes it hard for your glands to produce enough moisture.
 
Sodium (Blood)
This test measures how much sodium you have in your blood. Too much or too little can lead to health problems like high blood pressure.
 
Sodium (Urine)
This test measures the amount of sodium, or salt, in your urine. This test can help your doctor find out whether you have high blood pressure.
 
Sputum Culture
This test finds out what's causing your lung infection. Sputum, or phlegm, is the mucus that settles in the lower airways of your lungs when you have an infection or a chronic illness.
 
Stool Culture
This test looks for bacteria, viruses, and other organisms in your stool. This test can help find out what’s causing a digestive tract infection.
 
White Blood Cell (Stool)
This test looks for white blood cells in your stool. This can help your doctor figure out what's causing inflammatory diarrhea.
 
Strep Antistreptolysin O Titer (Blood)
This test looks for antibodies that your body made when in fighting off group A Streptococcus bacteria. These bacteria cause strep throat.
 
T and B Lymphocyte and Natural Killer Cell Profile
This test finds and counts three types of white blood cells in your blood. White blood cells help your body fight off infections and illness.
 
Free and Bound Triiodothyronine (Blood)
This test measures the level of triiodothyronine (T3) in your blood. T3 is a type of hormone made by your thyroid gland.
 
Free and Bound T4
This is a blood test to measure your level of the hormone thyroxine, or T4. This test can show your doctor whether your thyroid gland is overactive, a condition called hyperthyroidism, or underactive, a condition called hypothyroidism.
 
Tartrate-Resistant Acid Phosphatase
This test looks for a substance that can appear in your blood if you have hairy cell leukemia.
 
Tay-Sachs Disease
This test looks for specific genetic changes in a sample of your blood. These genetic mutations cause most cases of Tay-Sachs disease.
 
Tegretol (Blood)
This test measures the amount of the drug carbamazepine in your blood. Carbamazepine is the generic name of a drug used to treat epilepsy, mania, bipolar disorder, and pain.
 
Free Testosterone
This test measures both your total and free testosterone levels. Having levels that are too high or too low can cause health problems.
 
Total Testosterone
This test measures the level of testosterone in your blood. Both men and women produce this hormone.
 
Tetanus Antibody
This test looks for tetanus antibody in your blood. If you have been vaccinated for tetanus in the past, this test should show that you have enough antibodies against the disease.
 
Theophylline
This test measures the level of the medication theophylline in your blood. Having too much of this drug in your body can be life-threatening.
 
Thrombin Time
Thrombin time is a measure of how long the blood's plasma, or the liquid portion of the blood, takes to form a clot.
 
Thyroid Antibody
This test measures the amount of thyroid antibodies in your blood. The test can help find out whether you have a problem with your thyroid.
 
Thyroid Antithyroglobulin Antibody
This test looks for antibodies made in response to a protein made by your thyroid. The test can help diagnose thyroid problems, including Hashimoto's thyroiditis.
 
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone
This test measures your level of TSH, a hormone made by your pituitary. You may need this test if you have symptoms of thyroid problems.
 
TORCH Panel
The TORCH panel test is used to help diagnose infections that could harm the fetus during pregnancy.
 
Total Bilirubin (Blood)
This test is used to find out how well your liver is working. A small amount of bilirubin in your blood is normal. Too much may be a sign of liver disease.
 
Total Copper (Blood)
This test measures the amount of copper in your blood. Too little or too much copper can cause health problems.
 
Total Protein and A/G Ratio
This test measures the amount of protein in your blood. It can help your doctor find out if you have liver disease or nephrotic syndrome.
 
Toxoplasma Gondii (Amniotic Fluid)
This test looks for a parasite that can infect an unborn child. A pregnant woman can pick up this parasite by eating undercooked meat, drinking contaminated water, or handling cat feces.
 
Toxoplasma Gondii Antibody
This test looks for antibodies against Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) infection in your blood.
 
Transferrin
This test measures the amount of the protein transferrin in your blood. Levels of tranferrin tell your doctor about the iron supply in your body.
 
Trichomonas Vaginalis (Discharge)
This test looks for a parasite that causes the sexually transmitted disease trichomoniasis. It can cause complications during pregnancy.
 
Tricyclic Antidepressant Screen
This test is used to check a sample of blood or urine for tricyclic antidepressants. Although these drugs can be helpful in normal doses, taking too much can be fatal.
 
Triglycerides
This test measures the amount of triglycerides in your blood. This test is part of a group of cholesterol and blood fat tests called a fasting lipoprotein panel, or lipid panel.
 
Troponin
This test measures the amount of the protein troponin in your blood. It can tell your doctor whether you are having a heart attack.
 
Trypsin (Blood)
This test measures levels of trypsin in your blood to see if you have pancreatitis.
 
Trypsin/Chymotrypsin (Stool)
This test looks for two enzymes from the pancreas, to find out how well the pancreas is working. This test is used for people with cystic fibrosis.
 
Uniparental Disomy
This test is used to see if a child has certain chromosome changes.
 
Blood Urea Nitrogen
This test measures the amount of urea nitrogen in your blood. It can help your doctor find out if you have kidney disease or another kidney disorder.
 
Urea Nitrogen Clearance (Urine)
This test measures the amount of urea nitrogen in your urine. The test can help diagnose kidney problems.
 
Uric Acid (Blood)
This test measures the amount of uric acid in your blood. Too much uric acid can cause gout or kidney stones.
 
Uric Acid (Synovial Fluid)
This test measures the amount of uric acid in the fluid of your joints. The test can help your doctor find out if you have gout, a type of arthritis.
 
Uric Acid (Urine)
This test is used to find out whether you have gout. It can also be used to monitor you during cancer treatment and to check your urine after you've had a kidney stone.
 
Complete Urinalysis
This test looks at a sample of your urine, to help diagnose, find, or track many conditions, such as diabetes or urinary tract infections.
 
Microscopic Urinalysis
This test looks at a sample of your urine under a microscope. It can see cells from your urinary tract, blood cells, crystals, bacteria, parasites, and cells from tumors.
 
Urine Cytology
This test looks at a sample of your urine to see if it contains abnormal cells. The test is used to diagnose cancers of the urinary tract, including cancers of the kidney, bladder, ureter, and urethra.
 
24-Hour Urine Protein
This test measures the amount of protein in your urine. When protein shows up in your urine, you may have kidney disease, diabetes, or another condition.
 
Urine Protein (Dipstick)
This test checks the amount of protein in your urine. Too much protein can be a sign of dehydration, kidney disease, or other health issues.
 
Varicella-Zoster Virus Antibody
This test looks for antibodies in your blood that your body makes against the varicella-zoster virus. The virus causes chickenpox and shingles.
 
VDRL (CSF)
This test looks for signs of neurosyphilis in your cerebrospinal fluid. Neurosyphilis happens when syphilis isn't treated and spreads to the spinal cord and brain.
 
Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor
This test measures the amount of a substance in your body that helps new blood vessels form. The test can help monitor cancer treatment.
 
Viral Culture
This test checks to see whether an infection is caused by a bacterium or a virus. It can also tell which specific virus is causing your infection.
 
Vitamin B12 and Folate
This test measures the levels of vitamin B12 and folate in your blood. You may have low B12 levels if you have pernicious anemia.
 
Vitamin D
Vitamin D is especially important for bone health. If you have low levels of this vitamin, you may be at risk for osteoporosis or other bone problems.
 
VLDL Cholesterol
This test measures the amount of very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) in your blood.
 
Von Willebrand Panel
This test is used to diagnose von Willebrand disease, a bleeding disorder that causes excessive bleeding after minor injuries.
 
West Nile Virus Antibody (Blood)
This is a blood test that checks for West Nile virus, an infection that usually affects birds. It can be spread to people through the bite of an infected mosquito.
 
Western Equine Encephalitis
This tests looks for the virus that causes Western equine encephalitis, an infection spread to people through bites from infected mosquitoes.
 
White Cell Count
This test measures the number of white blood cells in your blood. When you get sick, your white blood cell count is higher than normal because your body is releasing more of these cells to fight the infection.
 
Wound Culture
This test looks for bacteria or other organisms in a wound. The test is used to find out if a wound is infected. It can also identify the type of organism that's causing the infection.
 
Yersinia (Stool)
This test checks for an infection from the Yersinia bacteria. This infection is also called yersiniosis.
 
Metanephrine (Urine)
This urine test measures the amount of metanephrines your body produces over a 24-hour period.
 
Trypsinogen (Blood)
This test measures the amount of trypsinogen in the blood. Trypsinogen is secreted by the pancrease to help with digestion.
 
TB Screening (Whole Blood)
This blood test is done to find out if you have been infected with tuberculosis (TB).
 
TB Screening (Skin)
This blood tests helps determine whether you have been infected with tuberculosis (TB).
 
TB Culture
This test screens for tuberculosis by looking for the bacteria in the sputum, urine or cerebrospinal fluid.
 
Red Blood Cell Count
A red blood cell (RBC) count is a blood test that measures the number of red blood cells, or erythrocytes, in your bloodstream.
 
Phosphorus
This blood test checks the level of phosphorus in your body.
 
Phenytoin
This test monitors the level of the seizure medication phenytoin (Dilantin) in your blood.
 
Diabetes Autoantibody Panel
This blood test checks for substances called antibodies, which are produced in response to insulin and other chemicals related to insulin. It is used to determine whether a person has type 1 or type 2 diabetes.
 
Indirect Antiglobulin
This blood test screens for antibodies in your blood.
 
C-Peptide (Blood)
This blood test is used to evaluate your body's production of insulin. It's used to help diagnose blood sugar disorders such as diabetes.
 
Indirect Bilirubin
This test measures the amount of bilirubin in your blood.
 
CCP
This blood test checks for the amino acid citrulline, a marker for rheumatoid arthritis.
 
BRCA
This blood test checks for mutations for the BRCA 1 and BRCA 2 genes which can increase the risk for breast and ovarian cancer.
 
Calcitonin
This blood test measures the level of calcitonin in your blood. Calcitonin is a hormone secreted by your thyroid.
 
CA 15-3
CA 15-3 is a blood test used to monitor certain types of cancer.
 
Blood Culture
This is a blood test checks for infection in your blood.
 
Aldosterone and Renin
This blood test measures levels of aldosterone and renin.
 
Alkaline Phosphatase
This test measures the amount of an enzyme called alkaline phosphatase in your blood. It can help your doctor diagnose certain liver conditions.
 
ACTH (Blood)
This blood test measures the amount of adrenocorticotripic hormone (ACTH) the pituitary gland produces.
 
Activated Coagulation Time
ACT is a blood test that measures how long it takes your blood to clot.
 

CardiovascularEnglishAbdominal Aortic Aneurysm RepairAbdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair is a procedure used to treat an aneurysm (abnormal enlargement) of the abdominal aorta, which may be performed surgically through an open incision or in a minimally-invasive procedure called endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). AAAA RepairAbdominal Aneurysm, Open RepairAbdominal AneurysmectomyEndovascular Aneurysm RepairEndovascular Aneurysm Repair (EVAR)Repair, AAARepair, Abdominal Aortic AneurysmTriple A RepairAdult (18+)SeniorEnglishAmputation ProcedureAmputation is the surgical removal of a leg or arm, or a part of one - such as a toe, finger, foot, or hand - usually as a result of injury, disease, or infection. AAbove-Knee AmputationAKABelow-Knee AmputationBKASurgery, AmputationSurgical Removal of Limb or ExtremitySurgical Removal of Limb/ExtremityAdult (18+)EnglishBlood TestYour doctor might order a blood test to find out if you are sick, if your body is responding to an allergy, or if you are at risk for certain health conditions.AAnalysis of BloodAdult (18+)EnglishCardiac CatheterizationCardiac catheterization is a procedure in which a catheter is moved through a blood vessel to the heart in order to better diagnose coronary heart disease, valvular heart disease, congestive heart failure and other heart conditions.ACardiac CathCatheterization, CardiacCoronary AngiogramCoronary ArteriogramHeart CathHeart CatheterizationAdult (18+)EnglishCarotid Artery Duplex ScanA carotid artery duplex scan is used to assess blockage or narrowing of the carotid arteries of the neck and/or the branches of the carotid artery.ACarotid Artery ScanCarotid UltrasoundUltrasound, Carotid ArteryAdult (18+)EnglishCarotid Endarterectomy/Carotid Artery StentingCarotid endarterectomy (CEA) may be performed to treat a blockage or narrowing of the carotid arteries, thus improving blood supply to the brain. Carotid artery angioplasty with stenting (CAS) is a procedure currently being used on selected patients who are at high risk for surgery. AAngioplasty, Carotid, with StentingCarotid Angioplasty with StentingCarotid Artery StentingCarotid Artery Stenting (CAS)Carotid EndarterectomyCEAEndarterectomy Angioplasty Stenting, CarotidEndarterectomy, CarotidAdult (18+)EnglishCatheter AblationAlso known as a cardiac ablation or radiofrequency ablation, this procedure guides a tube into your heart to destroy small areas of heart tissue that may be causing your abnormal heartbeat.ACardiac AblationCardiac Catheter AblationCatheter CryoablationRadiofrequency AblationAdult (18+)EnglishChest X-rayX-ray, ChestA chest X-ray is used to examine the chest and the lungs and other organs and structures located in the chest.AChest FilmChest RadiographyChest X-ray (CXR)CXRAdult (18+)EnglishComputed Tomography Angiography (CTA)CT angiography is a type of medical exam that combines a CT scan with an injection of a special dye to produce pictures of blood vessels and tissues in a part of your body. AAngiogram, CTCT AngiogramCTATeen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)EnglishComputed Tomography (CT or CAT) Scan of the ChestCT/CAT scans are more detailed than standard x-rays and are often used to assess the organs of the respiratory and cardiovascular systems, and esophagus, for injuries, abnormalities, or disease. AChest CTChest CT ScanCT Scan of the ThoraxCT, ThoracicThoracic CT ScanAdult (18+)EnglishCoronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery (CABG)Coronary artery bypass surgery is performed to treat a blockage or narrowing of one or more of the coronary arteries, thus restoring the blood supply to the heart muscle.ACABGCoronary Artery Bypass Graft SurgeryHeart Bypass SurgeryOpen Heart SurgerySurgery, CABGSurgery, Coronary Artery Bypass GraftSurgery, Heart BypassSurgery, Open HeartAdult (18+)EnglishDobutamine Stress EchocardiogramA dobutamine stress echocardiogram is a diagnostic procedure in which an intravenous medication called dobutamine is used when an exercise stress test is not recommended. Dobutamine mimics the effects of exercise on the heart.ADobutamine Stress EchoDobutamine Stress EchocardiographyDSEEcho, Dobutamine StressEchocardiogram, Dobutamine StressAdult (18+)EnglishEchocardiogramAn echocardiogram is a procedure in which ultrasonic sound waves are used to assess the heart's function and structures.ACardiac UltrasoundEcho, CardiacEchocardiographyTransthoracic Echocardiogram (TTE)TTEUltrasound, CardiacAdult (18+)EnglishElectrocardiogramAn electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) is a simple and fast procedure that is used to evaluate the electrical activity of the heart, which is measured in "waves." Variations in the waves may indicate problems with the heart.AECGEKGElectrocardiographyHeart Procedures - ElectrocardiogramHeart Procedures - Signal-Averaged ElectrocardiogramResting ECGResting EKGSignal-Averaged ElectrocardiogramAdult (18+)EnglishElectrophysiological Studies When a problem develops with the heart’s rhythm, there may or may not be any symptoms. An electrophysiological study (EP study) is an invasive procedure that tests the heart's electrical system to determine the cause of the dysrhythmia. AElectrophysiology StudiesEP StudiesEPSHeart Procedure - Electrophysiological StudiesStudies, ElectrophysiologicalAdult (18+)EnglishExercise EchocardiogramAn exercise echocardiogram is a procedure in which ultrasound, or sound wave technology, is used to asses the heart's response to stress or exercise.AEcho, ExerciseEcho, StressEchocardiogram, ExerciseEchocardiogram, StressExercise EchocardiographyStress EchoStress EchocardiogramAdult (18+)EnglishExercise ElectrocardiogramAn exercise ECG is a simple and fast procedure that is used to evaluate the electrical activity of the heart's response to stress or exercise.AECG, ExerciseECG/EKG, ExerciseECG/EKG, StressEKG, ExerciseElectrocardiogram, ExerciseExercise ECGExercise ECG/EKGExercise EKGHeart Procedures - Exercise ElectrocardiogramStress TestAdult (18+)EnglishFemoral Popliteal Bypass SurgeryFemoral popliteal (also called femoropopliteal) bypass surgery is a surgical procedure that may be used to treat severe blockage due to plaque in the femoral artery. The femoral and popliteal arteries are located in the legs. AAngioplasty, Femoral ArteryBypass Surgery Percutaneous Transluminal AngioplasFemoral Artery Percutaneous Transluminal AngioplastyFem-PopFem-Pop BypassSurgery, Femoral Politeal BypassAdult (18+)EnglishHeart Transplantation ProcedureA heart transplant is a surgical procedure performed to remove the diseased heart from a patient and replace it with a healthy one from an organ donor. ATransplantation, HeartAdult (18+)EnglishHeart Valve Repair or Replacement SurgeryHeart valve repair or replacement surgery is a treatment option when the heart valves become damaged or diseased and do not function properly. AAortic Valve RepairAortic Valve Repair/Replacement SurgeryAortic Valve ReplacementMitral Valve RepairMitral Valve Repair/Replacement SurgeryMitral Valve ReplacementPulmonic Valve Repair/Replacement SurgerySurgery, Aortic ValveSurgery, Heart Valve Repair ReplacementSurgery, Mitral ValveSurgery, Pulmonic ValveSurgery, Tricuspid ValveTricuspid Valve Repair/Replacement SurgeryAdult (18+)EnglishHolter MonitorWhen symptoms such as dizziness, fainting, low blood pressure, prolonged fatigue, and palpitations continue to occur without a definitive diagnosis obtained with a resting ECG, your physician may request an ECG tracing to be run over a long period of time, using a Holter monitor. AAmbulatory ECG/EKG MonitoringContinuous ECGContinuous EKGContinuous ElectrocardiogramECG, AmbulatoryECG/EKG, ContinuousEKG, AmbulatoryEvent MonitorHeart Procedures - Holter MonitorHolter MonitoringAdult (18+)EnglishImplantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD) InsertionDuring this procedure, an electronic device is inserted into the chest to help regulate electrical problems with the heart by providing either anti-tachycardia pacing (ATP) or shock therapy to prevent sudden cardiac arrest. AICD InsertionImplantable Cardioverter Defibrillator InsertionInsertion, ICDInsertion, Implantable Cardioverter DefibrillatorAdult (18+)EnglishLaser Varicose Vein SurgerySometimes your veins can become swollen and bulging. These are called varicose veins. ALaser Vein RemovalVaricose Vein TreatmentAdult (18+)EnglishMagnetic Resonance Angiography (MRA)Magnetic resonance angiography – also called a magnetic resonance angiogram or MRA – is a type of MRI that looks specifically at the body’s blood vessels. AAngiogram, Magnetic ResonanceMagnetic Resonance AngiogramMRAAdult (18+)EnglishMagnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of the HeartMagnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a diagnostic procedure that uses a combination of a large magnet, radiofrequencies, and a computer to produce detailed images of organs and structures within the body. ACardiac MRIHeart MRIHeart Procedures - Magnetic Resonance ImagingMagnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), HeartMRI, CardiacMRI, HeartAdult (18+)EnglishMyocardial Perfusion Scan, RestingA resting myocardial perfusion scan in a procedure in which nuclear radiology is used to assess blood flow to the heart muscle and determine what areas have decreases blood flow. ACardiac Nuclear ImagingCardiolite ScanResting Myocardial Perfusion ScanResting Thallium ScanScan, Myocardial Perfusion RestingSestamibi ScanThallium Scan, RestingAdult (18+)EnglishMyocardial Perfusion Scan, StressA stress myocardial perfusion scan is used to assess the blood flow to the heart muscle when it is stressed by exercise or medication and to determine what areas have decreased blood flow. AExercise ThalliumScan, Myocardial Perfusion StressStress ThalliumAdult (18+)EnglishPacemaker InsertionDuring a pacemaker insertio, a small electronic device is implanted in the chest (just below the collarbone) to help regulate electrical problems with the heart. ACardiac Pacemaker InsertionInsertion, PacemakerPacemaker ImplantationAdult (18+)EnglishPercutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI), Coronary Angioplasty, and Stent PlacementDuring percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), a special catheter (long hollow tube) is inserted into coronary arteries that are blocked as a result of coronary artery disease (CAD), restoring arterial blood flow to the heart tissue without open-heart surgery. AAngioplasty, Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary, PBalloon AngioplastyPCIPCTAPercutaneous Coronary InterventionPercutaneous Transluminal Coronary AngioplastyPTCAStent Placement, CoronaryAdult (18+)EnglishRadionuclide Angiogram, RestingDuring this procedure, a small amount of radioactive substance is injected into the vein. Its progress through the heart is then traced with a special camera. AAngiogram, Radionuclide RestingMUGA ScanResting Radionuclide AngiogramRNA, RestingAdult (18+)EnglishRadionuclide Angiogram, Resting and ExerciseDuring this procedure, a small amount of radioactive substance is injected into the vein. Its progress through the heart is then traced with a special camera to evaluate heart function. Doing this during rest and exercise assists the physician in comparing the differences in heart activity. AAngiogram, Radionuclide Resting and ExerciseGated Cardiac ScanResting and Exercise Radionuclide AngiogramRNA, Resting and ExerciseAdult (18+)EnglishRight Heart Catheterization A right heart catheterization is performed to determine how well the heart is pumping and to measure the pressures in the heart and lungs.ACatheterization, Pulmonary ArteryCatheterization, Right HeartPulmonary Artery CatheterizationRight Heart CathAdult (18+)EnglishRight Heart Catheterization with Heart Tissue Biopsy Right heart catheterization with heart tissue biopsy is a procedure in which tissue samples are taken directly from the heart muscle. This procedure may be done in addition to a right heart cath to see if the heart tissue is normal.ACatheterization, Right Heart with Tissue BiopsyHeart BiopsyRight Heart Cath with Heart BiopsyAdult (18+)EnglishRobotic Cardiac SurgeryRobotic cardiac surgery is a form of heart surgery performed through tiny incisions in the chest. Thanks to the use of tiny instruments and robotic devices, surgeons are able to perform several types of heart surgery in a way that is much less invasive than other types of heart surgery. Ada Vinci Surgery, HeartHeart Bypass Surgery, RoboticHeart Defect Repair, RoboticHeart Surgery, RoboticHeart Valve Surgery, RoboticRobot-Assisted Cardiac SurgeryRobotic Heart SurgeryAdult (18+)EnglishSignal-Averaged ElectrocardiogramDuring this procedure, the electrical activity of the heart is monitored over a period of several minutes in order to capture abnormal heartbeats which may occur only intermittently. AECG, Signal-AveragedECG/EKG, Signal-AveragedEKG, Signal-AveragedElectrocardiogramElectrocardiogram, Signal-AveragedHeart Procedures - ElectrocardiogramHeart Procedures - Exercise ElectrocardiogramHeart Procedures - Signal-Averaged ElectrocardiogramSAECGSignal-Averaged ECGSignal-Averaged EKGAdult (18+)EnglishTilt Table ProcedureThis is a diagnostic procedure often used to assess syncope (fainting) by creating changes in posture from lying to standing. AProcedure, Tilt TableTest, Tilt TableTilt Table EvaluationTilt Table TestUpright Tilt TestingAdult (18+)EnglishTransesophageal EchocardiogramA transesophageal echocardiogram uses sound wave (ultrasound) technology to examine heart function. By inserting a probe with a transducer down the esophagus rather than placing the transducer on the chest, physicians get a clearer image of the heart because the sound waves do not have to pass through skin, muscle, or bone tissue. AEcho, TransesophagealEchocardiogram, TransesophagealHeart Scan with EndoscopyTEETransesophageal EchocardiographyAdult (18+)EnglishUltrafast Computed Tomography (Ultrafast CT Scan)Ultrafast CT, or electron-beam computed tomography (EBCT) can take multiple images of the heart within the time of a single heartbeat, and can detect very small amounts of calcium within the heart and the coronary arteries. ACine CT ScanComputed Tomography (CT or CAT) Scan, UltrafastCT, UltrafastEBCTElectron Beam CT Scan (EBCT)Ultrafast CTAdult (18+)EnglishValvuloplastyDuring a valvuloplasty, a catheter is threaded through a vein to the heart where a balloon is used to open a stiff valve. Once opened, the balloon and catheter are removed. ABalloon ValvuloplastyAdult (18+)EnglishVascular StudiesVascular studies use ultrasound (sound wave) technology to assess the flow of blood in arteries and veins in the arms, legs, and neck. AArterial Doppler StudiesPulse Volume Recordings (PVRS)PVRStudies, VascularVenous Doppler StudiesAdult (18+)EnglishVenogramA combination of contrast dye and X-rays are used to visualize the veins in the legs in order to diagnose deep vein thrombosis and other conditions. ALower Limb VenographyPhlebographyVenographyAdult (18+)GastroenterologyEnglishAbdominal AngiogramAn abdominal angiogram, also called an abdominal arteriogram, is an x-ray image of the blood vessels used to evaluate various vascular conditions within the abdomen. AAbdominal ArteriogramAbdominal ArteriographyAngiogram, AbdominalArteriogram, AbdominalArteriography, AbdominalCeliac and Mesenteric ArteriographyAdult (18+)EnglishAbdominal UltrasoundAbdominal ultrasound is a procedure that uses sound wave technology to assess the organs, structures, and blood flow inside the abdomen. AAbdominal EchographyAbdominal SonographyAbdominal UltrasonographyUltrasound, AbdominalAdult (18+)EnglishAbdominal X-raysAbdominal X-rays are used to diagnose internal injuries or abnormalities of the bones and organs. AAbdominal X-rayFlat Plate of the AbdomenX-ray, AbdominalAdult (18+)EnglishAppendectomyA person's appendix is sugically removed if they develop appendicitis - an inflammation of the appendix caused by infection. AAppendectomy, LaparoscopicAppendectomy, OpenAppendix RemovalLaparoscopic AppendectomyOpen AppendectomySurgery, AppendectomyAdult (18+)EnglishBarium Enema A barium enema is used to highlight damage or abnormalities in the colon and rectum by creating greater areas of contrast in x-ray film. ABEColon X-rayLower Gastrointestinal SeriesLower GI SeriesX-ray, ColonAdult (18+)EnglishBarium SwallowDuring this procedure, a mixture of barium and water is swallowed just before an x-ray. The barium is used to highlight damage or abnormalities in the upper gastrointestinal tract, including the pharnyx, esophagus, stomach, and duodenum. AEsophagogramEsophagographyAdult (18+)EnglishCecostomyCecostomy is a fairly new surgical procedure that is used to clear the bowels of fecal matter. It’s typically used for children with fecal incontinence related to severe disorders. AAntegrade EnemaLaparoscopic Cecostomy Tube PlacementMalone Antegrade Colonic Enema (MACE)Percutaneous Endoscopic CecostomyInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)EnglishCholecystectomyA cholecystectomy is the surgical removal of the gallbladder and is performed if it develops gallstones, becomes inflamed or infected, or is cancerous. ACholecystectomy, LaparoscopicCholecystectomy, OpenGall Bladder RemovalGallbladder RemovalLaparoscopic CholecystectomyOpen CholecystectomySurgery, Gall Bladder RemovalAdult (18+)EnglishColonoscopyA colonoscopy uses a small camera to examine the inside of the colon. It is typically used to screen for colon cancer, and to asses other injuries, abnormalities, or disease.AEndoscopy, LowerLower EndoscopyLower GI EndoscopyAdult (18+)EnglishColostomyA colostomy is an operation that creates an opening for the colon, or large intestine, through the abdomen. A colostomy may be temporary or permanent. It is usually performed after bowel surgery or injury.AColostomy, PermanentColostomy, TemporaryFecal DiversionPermanent ColostomyTemporary ColostomyAdult (18+)EnglishComputed Tomography (CT or CAT) Scan of the AbdomenA CT/CAT scan shows detailed images of any part of the body, including the bones, muscles, fat, organs, and blood vessels. CT/CAT scans are more detailed than standard x-rays and are used to assess the organs and tissues for for injuries, abnormalities, or disease.AAbdominal CT ScanComputed Tomography (CT or CAT) Scan, AbdomenCT, AbdomenAdult (18+)EnglishComputed Tomography (CT or CAT) Scan of the Liver and Biliary TractCT/CAT scans are more detailed than standard x-rays and are often used to assess the liver, gallbladder and bile ducts for for injuries, abnormalities, or disease.ABiliary Tract CT ScanComputed Tomography (CT or CAT) Scan, LiverCT, Liver, Biliary Tract, Pancreas, Spleen, and GallbladderGallbladder CT ScanLiver CT ScanLiver, BilliaryTract, Pancreas, Spleen, and Gallbladder CTSpleen CT ScanAdult (18+)EnglishComputed Tomography (CT) Scan of the PancreasCT/CAT scans are more detailed than standard x-rays and are often used to assess the pancreas for injuries, abnormalities, or disease.AComputed Tomography (CT or CAT) Scan, PancreasPancreas CT ScanAdult (18+)EnglishEndoscopic Retrograde CholangiopancreatographyEndoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is a procedure in which x-ray and an endoscope - a long, flexible, lighted tube - are used to assess and treat problems in the liver, gallbladder, bile ducts, and pancreas. AECRP of the Biliary and Pancreatic DuctsERCPAdult (18+)EnglishEsophagogastroduodenoscopyEsophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) is a diagnostic procedure used to diagnose structural or functional abnormalities of the esophagus, stomach, and/or duodenum. AEGDEsophagoscopyGastroscopyUpper Gastrointestinal EndoscopyUpper GI EndoscopyAdult (18+)EnglishGallbladder ScanA gallbladder scan - also known as a liver-billiary scan - uses nuclear radiology to assess the function and structure of the gallbladder and surrounding organs. ACholescintigraphyGallbladder Radionuclear ScanHepatobiliary Iminodiacetic Acid (HIDA) ScanLiver-Biliary ScanScan, GallbladderScan, HIDAScan, Liver-BiliaryAdult (18+)EnglishGastric Bypass (Malabsorptive) Surgery ProcedureBariatric surgery is a procedure that alters the process of digestion and is currently the best treatment option for producing lasting weight loss in obese patients when traditional methods have not been effective. ABariatric SurgeryBariatric Surgery, Gastric BypassBiliopancreatic DiversionBiliopancreatic Diversion (BPD)Biliopancreatic Diversion and Duodenal SwitchBiliopancreatic Diversion and Duodenal Switch (BPD-DS)Gastric Bypass SurgeryGastric Stapling (Restrictive) SurgeryRoux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGBP)Surgery, Gastric BypassSurgery, Gastric Bypass (Malabsorptive)Adult (18+)EnglishGastric Stapling (Restrictive) Surgery ProcedureGastric stapling (restrictive) surgery is a type of bariatric surgery (weight loss surgery) procedure in which surgical staples are used to divide the stomach into two smaller sections, strictly limiting the amount of food a person can eat. AAdjustable Gastric BandingGastric Banding SurgeryGastric Stapling SurgeryStomach Stapling SurgerySurgery, Gastric BandingSurgery, Gastric Stapling (Restrictive)Surgery, Stomach StaplingVertical Banded GastroplastyAdult (18+)EnglishLaparoscopyLaparoscopy is a procedure that utilizes a laparoscope, a thin flexible tube containing a video camera to examine the organs of the abdominal cavity. FExploratory LaparoscopyLaparoscopy, ExploratoryLaparoscopy, GynecologicPelviscopyPeritoneoscopyAdult (18+)EnglishLiver BiopsyA liver biopsy is a procedure in which tissue samples from the liver are removed for examination under a microscope to look for signs of damage or disease. It is used to diagnose many liver conditions. ABiopsy, LiverPercutaneous Liver BiopsyAdult (18+)EnglishLiver ScanA liver scan - also known as a liver-spleen scan - uses nuclear radiology to assess the function and structure of the liver and surrounding organs. It may also be used to assess the progress of treatment for certain conditions. ALiver ScintigraphyLiver-Spleen ScanScan, LiverScintigraphy, LiverAdult (18+)EnglishLiver Transplantation ProcedureDetailed information on liver transplantation, including the reasons and preparation for the procedure, how the procedure is performed, after care, and an anatomical illustration of the liverAHepatic TransplantTransplant, HepaticTransplantation, LiverAdult (18+)EnglishPancreas ScanA pancreas scan uses nuclear radiology to search for, and sometime treat, tumors in the pancreas.APancreas ScintigraphyScan, PancreasScintigraphy, PancreasAdult (18+)EnglishPediatric AppendectomyA pediatric appendectomy is a surgery that's performed to remove a child's appendix. The appendix is a small pouch that's attached to the large intestine on the lower right side of the abdomen.AAppendectomy, PediatricAppendix Removal, PediatricChildhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)EnglishSigmoidoscopyA sigmoidoscopy is a procedure that allows the physician to examine the lower one-third of the large intestine and is helpful in identifying the causes of diarrhea, abdominal pain, constipation, abnormal growths, and bleeding.AAnoscopyFlexible SigmoidoscopyProctoscopyProctosigmoidoscopyAdult (18+)EnglishUpper Gastrointestinal SeriesAn upper gastrointestinal series (UGI) is an x-ray examination of the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract, including the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum. AGI SeriesGI Series, UpperUGIUpper Gastrointestinal Tract X-raysUpper GI SeriesAdult (18+)EnglishVirtual Colonoscopy for Cancer ScreeningAColonoscopy, VirtualCT ColonographyAdult (18+)EnglishColectomyAColectomy, PartialHemicolectomyPartial ColectomySegmental ResectionAdult (18+)EnglishProctectomyALaparoscopic ProctectomyOpen ProctectomyProctectomy, LaparoscopicProctectomy, OpenAdult (18+)EnglishGastric Banding Surgery for TeensGastric banding is a form of bariatric surgery. It is used to treat people with severe obesity who have trouble losing weight through diet or exercise alone.AGastric Banding SurgeryLap Band SurgerySurgery, Gastric BandingSurgery, Lap BandTeen (12 - 18 yrs)EnglishCT EnterographyCT enterography is a diagnostic procedure that uses CT imagery and a contrast material for a better view of the interior of the small intestine.AComputed tomography enterographyAdult (18+)EnglishMR EnterographyMagnetic resonance enterography, or MR enterography, is a minimally invasive imaging test that allows your doctor to obtain detailed pictures of your small bowel.AMagnetic Resonance EnterographyAdult (18+)EnglishLaparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is one of the least invasive operations available for obesity. It is also one of the more effective.AAdult (18+)EnglishBPD/DS Weight-Loss SurgeryBPD/DS is a complex weight-loss surgery that may be recommended for people who are extremely obese and have failed to lose weight through other treatments.AAdult (18+)EnglishRoux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Weight-Loss SurgeryRoux-en-Y gastric bypass is a type of weight-loss surgery that reduces the size of your stomach to a small pouch – about the size of an egg. It does this by stapling off a section of it.AAdult (18+)OrthopaedicEnglishAmputation ProcedureAmputation is the surgical removal of a leg or arm, or a part of one - such as a toe, finger, foot, or hand - usually as a result of injury, disease, or infection. AAbove-Knee AmputationAKABelow-Knee AmputationBKASurgery, AmputationSurgical Removal of Limb or ExtremitySurgical Removal of Limb/ExtremityAdult (18+)EnglishJoint X-ray with ContrastJoint X-ray is used to examine a joint, such as the knee or hip, when standard X-rays are not adequate.AArthrogramArthrographyX-ray, JointAdult (18+)EnglishArthroplastyArthroplasty is a surgical procedure that restores the function of a joint. A joint can be restored by resurfacing the bones, or by replacing it with an artificial joint.AFinger ArthroplastyHip ArthroplastyJoint ArthroplastyJoint Replacement SurgeryKnee ArthroplastyShoulder ArthroplastySurgery, Joint ReplacementAdult (18+)EnglishArthroscopyOrthopedic surgeons use arthroscopy to diagnose and treat joint problems. An arthroscope is a small, tube shaped instrument that is used to look inside a joint.AArthroscopic ExaminationArthroscopic SurgeryFiberoptic Joint ExaminationJoint EndoscopyKnee ArthroscopyShoulder ArthroscopySurgery, ArthroscopicAdult (18+)EnglishBone Biopsy A bone biopsy is a procedure in which bone samples are removed to determine if cancer or other abnormal cells are present.ABiopsy, BoneBone Lesion BiopsyAdult (18+)EnglishBone Densitometry Bone densitometry is used primarily to diagnose osteoporosis and to determine fracture risk.ABone AbsorptiometryBone Density TestBone Mineral ContentBone Mineral Density TestBone Mineral Density Test (BMDT)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishBone Marrow BiopsyA bone marrow biopsy involves removing tissue from the red bone marrow to be sent to the lab for microscopic examination.AAspiration, Bone MarrowBiopsy, Bone MarrowBone Marrow AspirationBone Marrow Aspiration and BiopsyCancer, DiagnosisOrthopaedics, DiagnosisAdult (18+)EnglishBone ScanA bone scan is used to examine the various bones of the skeleton to identify areas of physical and chemical changes in bone.ABone ScintigraphyScan, BoneScintigraphy, BoneAdult (18+)EnglishBunion SurgeryThe goal of surgery is to relieve pain and correct as much deformity as possible. The surgery is not cosmetic and is not meant to improve the appearance of the foot.ABunionectomyHallux Valgus RepairSurgery, BunionAdult (18+)EnglishCarpal Tunnel ReleaseCarpal tunnel release is a surgery that’s used to treat and potentially heal the painful condition known as carpal tunnel syndrome. ACarpal Tunnel SurgeryCarpal Tunnel Surgery, EndoscopicCarpal Tunnel Surgery, OpenSurgery, Carpal TunnelAdult (18+)EnglishComputed Tomography (CT or CAT) Scan of the BonesA CT scan shows detailed images of the bones, muscles, fat, and organs. CT scans are more detailed than standard X-rays.ABone CT ScanComputed Tomography (CT or CAT) Scan, BoneSkeleton CT ScanAdult (18+)EnglishComputed Tomography (CT or CAT) Scan of the SpineA CT scan of the spine may be performed to assess the spine for a herniated disk, tumors and other lesions, the extent of injuries, structural anomalies such as spina bifida, blood vessel malformations, or other conditions.ABack CTCT, BackCT, SpineScan, Back CTScan, Spine CTSpine CTAdult (18+)EnglishFluoroscopy ProcedureFluoroscopy is a study of moving body structures—similar to an X-ray "movie."AFluoroscopyAdult (18+)EnglishHip Replacement SurgeryHip replacement surgery is a procedure in which a damaged hip joint is replaced with an artificial hip joint. It is most commonly recommended as a treatment for severe osteoarthritis or damage due to fracture. AArthroplasty, HipHip ArthroplastyHip ReplacementSurgery, Hip ReplacementTotal Hip ArthroplastyTotal Hip ReplacementAdult (18+)EnglishJoint AspirationJoint aspiration refers to removing fluid from the space around a joint—usually the knee—using a needle and syringe.AArthrocentesisJoint Aspiration and AnalysisJoint Injection and AspirationAdult (18+)EnglishKnee Ligament RepairKnee ligament repair is used when a knee ligament is torn and results in instability in the knee.AACL ReconstructionACL RepairACL Repair/ReconstructionLCL ReconstructionLCL RepairLCL Repair/ReconstructionMCL ReconstructionMCL RepairMCL Repair/ReconstructionPCL ReconstructionPCL RepairPCL Repair/ReconstructionRepair, Knee LigamentAdult (18+)EnglishKnee Replacement Surgery ProcedureKnee replacement surgery is a procedure in which the ends of the bones in the knee are capped with metal and plastic parts. It is most commonly used to treat severe osteoarthritis.AArthroplasty, KneeKnee ArthroplastyKnee ReplacementSurgery, Knee ReplacementTotal Knee ArthroplastyTotal Knee ReplacementAdult (18+)EnglishKyphoplastyKyphoplasty is used to treat fractures in the bones of the spine in which the doctor first inflates a balloon-like device in the bone to make space which is filled with cement. ABalloon VertebroplastyAdult (18+)EnglishLaminectomyLaminectomy is a type of surgery in which a physician removes part or all of the vertebral bone to relieve compression of the spinal cord or the nerve roots.ABack SurgeryCervical LaminectomyDecompressive LaminectomyDisk SurgeryLumbar LaminectomySurgery, BackSurgery, LaminectomyAdult (18+)EnglishMagnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of the Bones, Joints, and Soft TissuesMagnetic resonance imaging uses a combination of a large magnet, radiofrequencies, and a computer to produce detailed images of structures within the body.ABone MRIMagnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Bones Joints Soft TissueMRI of the Bones, Joints, and Soft TissueMRI, Bone, Joints, Soft TissueMRI, Bones, Joints, Soft TissuesAdult (18+)EnglishMagnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of the Spine and BrainMRI may be used to examine the brain and/or spinal cord for injuries or the presence of structural abnormalities or certain other conditions, including tumors or aneurysms.ABrain and Spine MRIBrain MRIMagnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Spine BrainMRI, BrainMRI, SpineMRI, Spine and BrainSpine and Brain MRISpine MRIAdult (18+)EnglishMuscle BiopsyIn a muscle biopsy, tissue and cells from muscle are removed and viewed microscopically. The procedure is used to diagnose diseases involving muscle tissue.ABiopsy, MuscleAdult (18+)EnglishMyelogramA myelogram, also known as myelography, is a procedure that combines the use of dye with x-rays or CT scans to assess the spinal cord, subarachnoid space, or other structures for abnormalities, particularly when another type of examination, such as a standard x-ray, is inconclusive. AMyelographyAdult (18+)EnglishRotator Cuff RepairIf the rotator cuff is injured, it may need to be repaired surgically. This may include shaving off bone spurs that are pinching the shoulder, or repairing torn tendons or muscles.ARepair, Rotator CuffRotator Cuff SurgeryShoulder SurgerySurgery, Rotator CuffSurgery, ShoulderAdult (18+)EnglishX-rays of the ExtremitiesThis procedure is often used as the first step in diagnosing injuries of the extremities, but may also be used to evaluate other problems involving the bones and/or soft tissues.AAnkle X-rayArm X-rayFoot X-rayHand X-rayHip X-rayKnee X-rayLeg X-rayShoulder X-rayWrist X-rayX-ray, ExtremitiesAdult (18+)EnglishX-rays of the Spine, Neck, or BackThis procedure may be used to diagnose back or neck pain, fractures or broken bones, arthritis, degeneration of the disks, tumors, or other problems.ABack X-rayCervical X-ray   Coccygeal X-rayLumbar X-rayNeck X-raySacral X-raySpine X-rayThoracic X-rayX-ray, Spine Neck BackAdult (18+)EnglishVertebroplastyVertebroplasty is a procedure in which a special medical-grade cement mixture is injected into a fractured vertebraAPercutaneous VertebroplastyAdult (18+)EnglishSympathetic Nerve Blocks for Pain This therapy targets the sympathetic nervous system, a series of nerves that spread out from your spine to your body to help control several body functions, including blood flow.ANerve Block, SympatheticAdult (18+)EnglishEpidural Corticosteroid InjectionsIf you are experiencing intense, intractable pain in your legs or arms from inflamed spinal nerves, then an epidural steroid injection might be the preferred treatment to quickly give you relief.ASteroid Injection Into SpineAdult (18+)GynecologyEnglishAmniocentesis ProcedureAmniocentesis is a procedure used to obtain a small sample of the amniotic fluid that surrounds the fetus during pregnancy. The fluid is analyzed to help diagnose certain birth defects.FAmniotic Fluid AnalysisAdult (18+)EnglishBone Densitometry Bone densitometry is used primarily to diagnose osteoporosis and to determine fracture risk.ABone AbsorptiometryBone Density TestBone Mineral ContentBone Mineral Density TestBone Mineral Density Test (BMDT)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishBreast BiopsyA breast biopsy is a procedure in which samples of breast tissue are removed with a special biopsy needle or during surgery to determine if cancer or other abnormal cells are present.FAdvanced Breast Biopsy Instrument (ABBI)Biopsy, BreastCore Needle Breast BiopsyFine Needle Aspiration Breast BiopsyMammotome Breast BiopsyOpen Breast BiopsyStereotactic Breast BiopsySurgical Breast BiopsyAdult (18+)EnglishBreast Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)A breast MRI is a procedure in which large magnets, radiofrequencies, and a computer are used to take detailed pictures of the breast in order to search for abnormalities that may signal the presence of cancer. FBreast MRIMRI Scan of the BreastMRI, BreastAdult (18+)SeniorEnglishBreast ScanA breast scan is a procedure in which nuclear radiology is used to assess and diagnose various conditions, such as tumors, abscesses, hematomas, organ enlargement, and cysts, as well as organ function and blood flow to the tissue. FBreast ScintigraphyMolecular Breast ImagingRadionuclide Breast ImagingScan, BreastScintigraphy, BreastScintimammographyAdult (18+)EnglishBreast UltrasoundUltrasound, or sound wave technology is used to examine breast tissue. It may also be used to assess blood flow to areas inside the breasts. FBreast SonogramBreast UltrasonographyMammographic UltrasoundSonomammographyUltrasound, BreastUltrasound, MammographyAdult (18+)EnglishCervical BiopsyA cervical biopsy is a procedure performed to remove tissue from the cervix to test for abnormal or precancerous conditions, or cervical cancer.FBiopsy, Cervical PunchBiopsy, CervixBiopsy, ConeCervical Punch BiopsyCone BiopsyConizationAdult (18+)EnglishCesarean DeliveryCesarean delivery is the surgical delivery of a baby by an incision through the mother's abdomen and uterus. This procedure is performed when it is determined to be a safer method than a vaginal delivery for the mother, baby, or both.FCesarean BirthCesarean SectionC-SectionAdult (18+)EnglishChorionic Villus Sampling (CVS)This prenatal test involves taking a sample of tissue from the placenta to test for chromosomal abnormalities and certain other genetic problems.FBiopsy, Chorionic VillusChorionic Villus BiopsyCVSAdult (18+)EnglishColposcopyColposcopy is a procedure that uses an instrument with a magnifying lens and a light, called a colposcope, to examine the cervix (opening to the uterus) and vagina for abnormalities. FCervical BiopsyCervical Punch BiopsyAdult (18+)EnglishCystoscopy for WomenCytoscopy is a procedure in which a long, lighted scope is used to examine the urinary tract, bladder, urethra, and openings to the ureters and is used when problems with the urinary tract are suspected. ACystourethroscopyAdult (18+)EnglishDilation and Curettage (D and C)A dilation and curettage procedure, also called a D and C, is a surgical procedure in which the cervix is dilated so that the cervical canal and uterine lining can be scraped with a spoon-shaped instrument to remove abnormal tissues.FD and CDilatation and CurettageUterus ScrapingAdult (18+)EnglishEndometrial AblationEndometrial ablation is a procedure to permanently remove a thin tissue layer of the lining of the uterus to stop or reduce excessive or abnormal bleeding in women for whom childbearing is complete.FDestruction of the EndometriumUterine AblationAdult (18+)EnglishEndometrial BiopsyAn endometrial biopsy is a procedure performed to obtain a small tissue sample from the lining of the uterus.FBiopsy, EndometriumAdult (18+)EnglishEpisiotomyDuring childbirth, the vagina may not stretch enough. If this occurs, your health care provider may perform an episiotomy to help enlarge the opening and deliver the baby.FPerineotomyAdult (18+)EnglishExternal and Internal Heart Rate Monitoring of the FetusThe fetal heart rate may change as the fetus responds to conditions in the uterus. An abnormal fetal heart rate or pattern may indicate that the fetus is not getting enough oxygen or that there are other problems.FFetal Monitoring, External and InternalAdult (18+)EnglishFetal UltrasoundFetal ultrasound is a test used during pregnancy that creates an image of the fetus in the mother's uterus, or womb. FPregnancy UltrasoundUltrasound, FetalUltrasound, PregnancyAdult (18+)EnglishHysterectomyHysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus. Different portions of the uterus, as well as other organs, may be removed at the same time.FHysterectomy, AbdominalHysterectomy, RadicalHysterectomy, TotalHysterectomy, VaginalRemoval of the UterusAdult (18+)EnglishHysteroscopyHysteroscopy is the visual examination of the canal of the cervix and interior of the uterus using a thin, lighted, flexible tube called a hysteroscope.FAdult (18+)EnglishLaparoscopyLaparoscopy is a procedure that utilizes a laparoscope, a thin flexible tube containing a video camera to examine the organs of the abdominal cavity. FExploratory LaparoscopyLaparoscopy, ExploratoryLaparoscopy, GynecologicPelviscopyPeritoneoscopyAdult (18+)EnglishLoop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure (LEEP)Loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) uses a wire loop heated by electric current to remove cells and tissue as part of the diagnosis and treatment for abnormal or cancerous conditions in a woman’s lower genital tract.FLarge Loop Excision of the Cervix (LLEC)Large Loop Excision of the Transformation Zone (LLETZ)LEEPLoop Cone Biopsy of the CervixAdult (18+)EnglishBreast-Conserving SurgeryA lumpectomy is a type of breast-conserving surgery in which a cancerous lump and a portion of the breast tissue around the cancerous lump are removed, leaving the breast intact.FBreast Conservation TherapyBreast Lump RemovalBreast Sparing SurgeryMastectomy, PartialPartial MastectomyAdult (18+)EnglishMammogram ProcedureA mammogram is an X-ray examination of the breast amd is used to detect and diagnose breast disease in women.FBreast X-rayMammographyX-ray, BreastAdult (18+)EnglishMastectomyA mastectomy is a surgical procedure in which all or a portion of a breast is removed as a part of a treatment plan for breast cancer.FBreast RemovalMastectomy, Modified RadicalMastectomy, Radical Mastectomy, SimpleAdult (18+)EnglishPap Test A Pap test is a screening test to collect and microscopically examine cells taken from the cervix.FPap ScreeningPap SmearPapanicolaou TestAdult (18+)EnglishPelvic UltrasoundUltrasound, or sound wave technology, is used to examine the organs and structures in the female pelvis. FEndovaginal UltrasoundGynecologic UltrasoundLower Abdomen UltrasoundPelvic ScanPelvic UltrasonographyTransabdominal UltrasoundTransvaginal UltrasoundUltrasound, GynecologicUltrasound, PelvicUltrasound, PelvisAdult (18+)EnglishRobotic HysterectomyHysterectomy is the surgical removal of a woman's uterus. When this surgery is done through small incisions using a thin, lighted scope with a camera on the end (a laparoscope), it is called a laparoscopic hysterectomy.FHysterectomy, RoboticRobot-Assisted Laparoscopic HysterectomyAdult (18+)EnglishTubal LigationTubal ligation is surgical procedure you may choose if you are an adult woman and you do not want to get pregnant in the future. You may have heard tubal ligation referred to as "getting your tubes tied." FFemale SterilizationSterilization, FemaleAdult (18+)EnglishUterine Artery EmbolizationThis procedure, also be referred to as uterine fibroid embolization (UFE), is a minimally-invasive surgery that involves identifying which arteries supply blood to the fibroids and then blocking off those arteries. FUAEUFEUterine Fibroid EmbolizationAdult (18+)NeurologicalEnglishCarotid Artery Duplex ScanA carotid artery duplex scan is used to assess blockage or narrowing of the carotid arteries of the neck and/or the branches of the carotid artery.ACarotid Artery ScanCarotid UltrasoundUltrasound, Carotid ArteryAdult (18+)EnglishCerebral Arteriogram A cerebral arteriogram, also called an angiogram, is an x-ray image of the blood vessels in the brain. It is performed to evaluate various conditions, such as an aneurysm, narrowing of a blood vessel, or blockages.AAngiogram, CerebralArteriogram, CerebralCerebral AngiogramCerebral AngiographyAdult (18+)EnglishCervical Disk Replacement SurgeryCervical disk replacement surgery involves removing a diseased cervical disk and replacing it with an artificial disk. ATotal Disc ArthroplastyTeen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)EnglishComputed Tomography (CT or CAT) Scan of the BrainCT scans of the brain can provide detailed information about brain tissue and brain structures than standard x-rays of the head, thus providing more information related to injuries and/or diseases of the brain.ABrain CTBrain CT ScanComputed Tomography (CT or CAT) Scan, BrainCT of the BrainCT, BrainCT, HeadCT, IntracranialHead CT ScanIntracranial CT ScanAdult (18+)EnglishComputed Tomography (CT or CAT) Scan of the SpineA CT scan of the spine may be performed to assess the spine for a herniated disk, tumors and other lesions, the extent of injuries, structural anomalies such as spina bifida, blood vessel malformations, or other conditions.ABack CTCT, BackCT, SpineScan, Back CTScan, Spine CTSpine CTAdult (18+)EnglishCraniotomyA craniotomy is the surgical removal of part of the bone from the skull to expose the brain. ABrain SurgerySurgery, BrainAdult (18+)EnglishDeep Brain Stimulation Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a type of therapy that uses electrical stimulation to treat Parkinson’s disease, essential tremor, multiple sclerosis, and certain other neurological conditions.ADBSAdult (18+)EnglishElectroencephalogram (EEG)The EEG is used to evaluate several types of brain disorders, including epilepsy, Alzheimer's disease, certain psychoses, and certain sleep disorders.ABrain Wave TestEEGElectroencephalographyAdult (18+)EnglishElectromyography (EMG)Electromyography (EMG) measures muscle response or electrical activity in response to a nerve’s stimulation of the muscle. The test is used to help detect neuromuscular abnormalities.AEMGMyogramAdult (18+)EnglishElectronystagmography (ENG)Detailed information on electronystagmography (ENG), including the reasons and preparation for the procedure, how the procedure is performed, after care, and an anatomical illustration of the earAElectrooculographyENGAdult (18+)EnglishEndoscopic Endonasal SurgeryEndoscopic endonasal surgery is a minimally invasive technique that allows a surgeon to go through the nose to correct problems or remove a tumor in various areas of the brain and the top of the spine.AMinimally Invasive Brain SurgeryAdult (18+)EnglishEndoscopic Pituitary SurgeryThe pituitary gland is located at the bottom of your brain and above the inside of your nose. Endoscopic pituitary surgery is the most common surgery used to remove pituitary tumors.AEndoscopic Transsphenoidal SurgerySurgery, Endoscopic PituitarySurgery, Transsphenoidal EndoscopicTranssphenoidal Endoscopic SurgeryAdult (18+)EnglishEndovascular Coiling During endovascular coiling, a catheter is used to insert a small coil into an artery in the brain. The coil constricts the artery, blocking blood flow to an aneurysm. AAneurysm, CerebralCoil EmbolizationCoilingCoiling, EndovascularDetachable Coil EmbolizationEndovascular EmbolizationIntracranial Aneurysm RepairAdult (18+)EnglishEndovascular Neurosurgery and Interventional NeuroradiologyEndovascular neurosurgery is a subspecialty within neurosurgery that uses catheters and radiology to diagnose and treat various conditions and diseases of the central nervous system.AAdult (18+)EnglishEvoked Potentials StudiesEvoked potential studies may be used to assess hearing or sight, especially in infants and children, to diagnose disorders of the optic nerve, and to detect tumors or other problems affecting the brain and spinal cord.AAuditory Brainstorm Evoked Potentials (ABEP)Brainstem Auditory Evoked Potentials (BAEP)Brainstem Auditory Evoked Response (BAER)Evoked Brain PotentialsEvoked ResponsesSomatosensory Evoked Response (SER or SSEP)Somatosensory Evoked Response (SER)Visual Evoked Response (VER)Adult (18+)EnglishGamma KnifeGamma Knife radiosurgery uses beams of highly focused gamma rays to treat small- to medium-sized lesions, usually in the brain. AGamma Knife RadiosurgeryStereotactic RadiosurgerySurgery, Gamma KnifeAdult (18+)EnglishHyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Wound HealingWounds need oxygen to heal properly, and exposing a wound to 100 percent oxygen can, in many cases, speed the healing process.AHBOTAdult (18+)EnglishLumbar Disk ReplacementA lumbar disk replacement is a type of back surgery. It involves replacing a worn or degenerated disk in the lower part of your spine with an artificial replacement made of medical-grade metal or a combination of medical-grade metal and medical-grade plastic. AArtificial Disk Replacement, Lumbar SpineDisk Replacement, Lumbar SpineAdult (18+)EnglishLumbar Puncture (LP)A lumbar puncture (LP), also known as a spinal tap, is a diagnostic and/or therapeutic procedure used to remove a small amount of cerebrospinal fluid for examination and diagnosis of various disorders.ACerebral Spinal Fluid CollectionCerebrospinal Fluid CollectionCSF CollectionLPSpinal PunctureSpinal TapAdult (18+)EnglishMagnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of the Spine and BrainMRI may be used to examine the brain and/or spinal cord for injuries or the presence of structural abnormalities or certain other conditions, including tumors or aneurysms.ABrain and Spine MRIBrain MRIMagnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Spine BrainMRI, BrainMRI, SpineMRI, Spine and BrainSpine and Brain MRISpine MRIAdult (18+)EnglishMyelogramA myelogram, also known as myelography, is a procedure that combines the use of dye with x-rays or CT scans to assess the spinal cord, subarachnoid space, or other structures for abnormalities, particularly when another type of examination, such as a standard x-ray, is inconclusive. AMyelographyAdult (18+)EnglishNerve Conduction Velocity (NCV)Nerve conduction velocity (NCV) test - also called a nerve conduction study (NCS) - is a measurement of the speed of conduction of an electrical impulse through a nerve. NCV can determine nerve damage and destruction.AElectroneurographyElectroneurography (EneG)EneGNCVNerve Conduction StudiesAdult (18+)EnglishPositron Emission Tomography (PET Scan)Positron emission tomography (PET) is a specialized radiology procedure used to examine various body tissues to identify certain conditions. PET may also be used to follow the progress of the treatment of certain conditions.APET ScanPositron Emission Tomography (PET) ScanAdult (18+)EnglishSkull Base SurgerySkull base surgery may be done to remove both benign and cancerous growths, and abnormalities on the underside of the brain, the skull base, or the top few vertebrae of the spinal column.AEndoscopic Skull Base SurgeryOpen Skull Base SurgerySurgery, Skull BaseAdult (18+)EnglishSympathectomyDuring a sympathectomy, a surgeon cuts or clamps the sympathetic nerve chain runs up and down along your spine. This procedure is used to treat heavy sweating in the palms of the hands, the face, the underarms, and feet, as well as to treat facial blushing and Raynaud phenomenon.AEndoscopic thoracic sympathectomyETSAdult (18+)EnglishX-rays of the Spine, Neck, or BackThis procedure may be used to diagnose back or neck pain, fractures or broken bones, arthritis, degeneration of the disks, tumors, or other problems.ABack X-rayCervical X-ray   Coccygeal X-rayLumbar X-rayNeck X-raySacral X-raySpine X-rayThoracic X-rayX-ray, Spine Neck BackAdult (18+)EnglishX-rays of the SkullX-rays of the skull may be performed to diagnose fractures of the bones of the skull, birth defects, tumors, and certain disorders that cause bone defects of the skull. Skull X-rays may also be used to evaluate the nasal sinuses and detect calcifications within the brain.AHead X-raySkull X-rayX-ray, HeadX-ray, SkullAdult (18+)PulmonaryEnglishBronchoscopyA brochosopy is a procedure in which a long, lighted scope is inserted into the lungs in order to examine the airways of the lungs and to assess lung function. AFiberoptic Bronchoscopy (FOB)Flexible BronchoscopyFOBRigid BronchoscopyAdult (18+)EnglishChest FluoroscopyChest fluoroscopy may be performed when the motion of the lungs, diaphragm, or other structures in the chest need to be evaluated. AFluoroscopy, ChestAdult (18+)EnglishChest UltrasoundChest ultrasound is a procedure in which sound wave technology is used alone, or along with other types of diagnostic methods, to examine the organs and structures of the chest. AChest SonographyChest Ultrasonography  Chest Wall UltrasonographyUltrasound, ChestAdult (18+)EnglishChest X-rayX-ray, ChestA chest X-ray is used to examine the chest and the lungs and other organs and structures located in the chest.AChest FilmChest RadiographyChest X-ray (CXR)CXRAdult (18+)EnglishComputed Tomography (CT or CAT) Scan of the ChestCT/CAT scans are more detailed than standard x-rays and are often used to assess the organs of the respiratory and cardiovascular systems, and esophagus, for injuries, abnormalities, or disease. AChest CTChest CT ScanCT Scan of the ThoraxCT, ThoracicThoracic CT ScanAdult (18+)EnglishLobectomyA lobectomy is a surgical procedure that removes one of the lobes of the lungs.ALung SurgeryRemoval of Lung LobeSurgery, LungThoracoscopic LobectomyThoracotomyAdult (18+)EnglishLung BiopsyA lung biopsy is a procedure in which tissue samples are removed with a special needle to determine if cancer or other abnormal cells are present. ABiopsy, LungBiopsy, PulmonaryClosed Lung BiopsyOpen Lung BiopsyPercutaneous Needle Lung BiopsyPulmonary BiopsyThoracoscopic Lung BiopsyTransbronchial Lung BiopsyTransthoracic Needle Lung BiopsyAdult (18+)EnglishLung ScanScan, LungA lung scan is a procedure that uses nuclear radiology to assess the function and structure of the lungs. It is most often performed when problems with the lungs and respiratory tract are suspected.ALung Perfusion ScintigraphyPerfusion Lung ScanRadionuclide Pulmonary ScanV/Q ScanVentilation-Perfusion ScanAdult (18+)EnglishLung Transplantation ProcedureTransplantation, LungIn a lung transplant, one or both diseased lungs are removed and replaced with a healthy lung from another person.ALung GraftLung TransplantTransplant, LungAdult (18+)EnglishMediastinoscopyA mediastinoscopy is a surgical procedure performed to examine the mediastinum - the space behind the sternum (breastbone) in the middle of the chest that separates the two lungs. AEndoscopic Examination of the MediastinumMediastinum ExaminationAdult (18+)EnglishOximetryOximetry is a procedure used to measure the oxygen level—or oxygen saturation—in the blood.AEar OximetryOxygen SaturationPulse OxPulse OximetrySpO2Adult (18+)EnglishPeak Flow MeasurementMeasurement, Peak FlowPeak flow measurement is a procedure that records the amount of air flowing out of your lungs. Peak flow can be measured with either a spirometer or a peak flow meter.AAsthma Lung Function MeasurementPeak Expiratory Flow MeasurementPeak Flow MeterPFMAdult (18+)EnglishPleural BiopsyA pleural biopsy is a procedure in which a sample of the pleura (the membrane that surrounds the lungs) is removed with a special biopsy needle or during surgery to determine if disease, infection, or cancer is present. ABiopsy, PleuralPercutaneous Pleural BiopsyAdult (18+)EnglishPositron Emission Tomography (PET Scan)Positron emission tomography (PET) is a specialized radiology procedure used to examine various body tissues to identify certain conditions. PET may also be used to follow the progress of the treatment of certain conditions.APET ScanPositron Emission Tomography (PET) ScanAdult (18+)EnglishPulmonary AngiogramA pulmonary angiogram is a procedure that uses a combination of contrast dye and X-rays to examine the blood vessels in the lungs and evaluate blood flow to the lungs. AAngiogram of the LungsAngiogram, PulmonaryArteriogram, PulmonaryPulmonary ArteriogramAdult (18+)EnglishPulmonary Function TestsTests, Pulmonary Function Pulmonary function tests measure how well your lungs are functioning and are used to help diagnose certain lung disorders.AAirflow AssessmentLung Function StudiesLung Function Studies/TestsPFTsPulmonary Function StudiesAdult (18+)EnglishSinus X-rayA sinus x-ray is a type of x-ray used to obtain images of the sinuses - the air-filled cavities lined with mucous membranes located within the bones of the skull. ASinus FilmsX-ray, SinusAdult (18+)EnglishSleep StudyA sleep study - or polysomnogram - consists of a number of medical tests performed at the same time during sleep. The tests measure specific sleep characteristics and help to diagnose sleep disorders. APolysomnogramSleep DisordersAdult (18+)EnglishThoracentesis Thoracentesis is a procedure in which a needle is inserted through the back of the chest wall to remove fluid or air from between the lungs and the interior chest wall. APleural Fluid AnalysisPleural Fluid AspirationPleural TapAdult (18+)UrologyEnglish24-Hour Urine CollectionTwenty-four hour urine collection is performed by collecting a person's urine in a special container over a 24-hour period. The results of a 24- hour urine collection may provide information to help your physician make or confirm a diagnosis. A24-Hour UrineTest, 24-Hour UrineUrine Collection, 24-HourUrine VolumeUrine Volume TestAdult (18+)EnglishAntegrade PyelogramAn antegrade pyelogram is a procedure that uses a combination of contrast dye and X-rays to diagnose obstructions and other problems in the upper urinary tract. AAntegrade NephrostogramNephrostogram, AntegradePyelogram, AntegradeAdult (18+)EnglishCircumcisionCircumcision is the surgical removal of the foreskin that covers the tip of the penis. MPenis Foreskin RemovalInfant (0 - 11 mo)EnglishComputed Tomography (CT or CAT) Scan of the KidneyCT/CAT scans are more detailed than standard x-rays and are often used to assess the kidneys for injuries, abnormalities, or disease. AComputed Tomography (CT or CAT) Scan, KidneyCT, KidneyCT, RenalKidney CTKidney CT ScanRenal CTRenal CT ScanAdult (18+)EnglishCryotherapy for Prostate ConditionsACryoablation, ProstateCryotherapy, ProstateProstate CryoablationProstate CryosurgeryProstate CryotherapyProstate, CryoablationProstate, CryotherapyAdult (18+)EnglishCystographyA cystography is a procedure that uses a combination of contrast dyes and X-rays to find the source of problems in, or assess injuries to the bladder.ACystourethrographyVCUGVoiding CystographyVoiding CystourethrographyAdult (18+)EnglishCystometryCystometry may be recommended to evaluate problems related to the muscle function of the bladder and urethra. ACMGCystometrogramAdult (18+)EnglishCystoscopy for WomenCytoscopy is a procedure in which a long, lighted scope is used to examine the urinary tract, bladder, urethra, and openings to the ureters and is used when problems with the urinary tract are suspected. ACystourethroscopyAdult (18+)EnglishIntravenous PyelogramAn intravenous pyelogram is a procedure that uses a combination of contrast dyes and X-rays to look for obstructions in the blood flow of the kidneys or poor kidney function. AExcretory UrographyIntravenous Urography (IVU)IVPPyelogram, IntravenousAdult (18+)EnglishKidney BiopsyA kidney biopsy is a procedure in which tissue samples are removed with a special needle to determine if cancer or other abnormal cells are present, or to determine how well the kidney is working. ABiopsy, KidneyBiopsy, RenalNeedle Aspiration of the KidneyPercutaneous Kidney BiopsyRenal BiopsyAdult (18+)EnglishKidney ScanA kidney scan uses nuclear radiology to assess the function and structure of the kidneys, as well as blood flow to the kidney tissue. ARenal ScanRenal ScintigraphyRenogramScan, KidneyScan, RenalScintigraphy, RenalAdult (18+)EnglishKidney Transplantation ProcedureA kidney transplant is a surgical procedure performed to replace a diseased kidney with a healthy kidney from another person. AKidney TransplantKidney, RenalRenal TransplantTransplant, RenalTransplantation, KidneyAdult (18+)EnglishKidney UltrasoundAn ultrasound of the kidney uses An ultrasound of the kidney is a procedure in which sound wave technology is used to assess the size, shape, and location of the kidneys in order to detect injuries, abnormalities or disease. AKidney EchographyKidney UltrasonographyRenal UltrasoundUltrasound, KidneyUltrasound, RenalAdult (18+)EnglishKidney, Ureter, and Bladder X-rayA KUB x-ray may be the first diagnostic procedure used to assess the urinary system; to find the cause of abdominal pain, such as masses, perforations, or obstruction; or to evaluate the urinary tract before other diagnostic procedures are performed. AFlat Plate of the Abdomen X-rayKUBKUB X-rayX-ray, Flate Plate of the AbdomenX-ray, Kidney, Ureter, BladderX-ray, KUBAdult (18+)EnglishLithotripsyLithotripsy treats certain kidney stones with ultrasonic energy, or shock waves, once they are located with fluoroscopy or ultrasound. AESWLExtracorporeal Shockwave LipotripsyExtracorporeal Shockwave Lithotripsy (ESWL)Shock Wave LithotripsyShockwave LithotripsyAdult (18+)EnglishProstate BiopsyA prostate biopsy is a procedure in which tissue samples are removed with a special needle to determine if cancer or other abnormal cells are present. MBiopsy, ProstateCore Biopsy of the ProstateFine Needle Biopsy of the ProstateProstate Gland BiopsyTransrectal Prostate BiopsyAdult (18+)EnglishProstate/Rectal SonogramA sonogram uses ultrasound technology to allow quick visualization of the prostate and related structures from outside the body. It may be used to examine the prostate gland for evidence of cancer. MProstate/Rectal SonographySonogram, Prostate RectalAdult (18+)EnglishRadical Prostatectomy A prostatectomy is a surgical procedure for the partial or complete removal of the prostate. It may be performed to treat prostatic cancer or benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). MNerve-Sparing ProstatectomyPerineal Prostatectomy, RadicalProstatectomyRetropubic Prostatectomy, RadicalSuprapubic Prostatectomy, RadicalAdult (18+)EnglishRenal AngiogramA renal angiogram, also called an arteriogram, is an x-ray image of the blood vessels of the kidneys. AAngiogram, KidneyAngiogram, RenalArteriogram, RenalKidney AngiogramKidney ArteriogramRenal AngiographyRenal ArteriogramAdult (18+)EnglishRenal VenogramA renal venogram is a procedure in which contrast dye is combined with X-rays to examine the veins that carry blow away from the kidneys. It is often nused in conjunction with fluoroscopy. ARenal VenographyVenogram of the KidneysVenogram, KidneysVenogram, RenalAdult (18+)EnglishRetrograde CystographyRetrograde cystography is a procedure in which contrast dye is combined with X-rays to examine a bladder after abdominal trauma, or to find other bladder conditions such as tumors, blood clots, or diverticula. ACystography, RetrogradeAdult (18+)EnglishRetrograde PyelogramA retrograde pyelogram is a type of x-ray that uses dye to highlight the bladder, ureters, and renal pelvis, and is usually performed during a procedure called cystoscopy.APyelogram, RetrogradePyelography, RetrogradeRetrograde PyelographyRetrograde UreteropyelogramRetrograde UreteropyelographyUreteropyelogram, RetrogradeAdult (18+)EnglishRobotic ProstatectomyYour prostate can be removed several ways. One way is for the surgeon to make several smaller cuts and removing the prostate using a tiny camera and surgical tools. This is called a laparoscopic prostatectomy. When a surgeon uses a robot during the procedure, it's known as a robotic prostatectomy. MProstatectomy, RoboticRobot-Assisted Laparoscopic ProstatectomyAdult (18+)EnglishTransurethral Resection of the Prostate (TURP)A transurethral resection of the prostate is a surgical procedure that uses a tiny instrument to remove portions of the prostate gland through the penis, requiring no external incision. ABenign Prostatic HyperplasiaProstate Resection, TransurethralProstate, Transurethral ResectionProstate, TURPTransurethral Resection of the ProstateTURPAdult (18+)EnglishUroflowmetryUroflowmetry is a quick, simple diagnostic screening test that is commonly performed to determine if there is obstruction to normal urine outflow. AUrine Flow StudiesUrine Flow TestUrodynamic StudiesAdult (18+)EnglishVasectomyVasectomy is surgical procedure you may choose if you are a man and you do not want to father any more children. The word "vasectomy" comes from the two tubes called the "vas deferens" that are cut during the operation. MSterilization Surgery, MaleSurgery, Male SterilizationAdult (18+)Lab TestsEnglish5-Hydroxindoleacetic Acid (Urine)This test measures the amount of 5-hydroindoleacetic acid in your urine. The test can help find out if you have a carcinoid tumor.A5-HIAA5-Hydroxindoleacetic acid urineHIAAInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishA1CA1C is a blood test used to screen people to find out whether they have diabetes or prediabetes.Aglycated hemoglobinglycohemoglobinglycosylated hemoglobinHbA1cHemoglobin A1cHgbA1cChildhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishAcetaminophen Drug LevelThe acetaminophen drug level is a blood test used to screen for the presence of the common pain reliever acetaminophen.AParacetamolTylenol drug levelInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishAcetylcholine Receptor Antibody (Blood)This test measures the concentration of an antibody in your blood that may mean you have the autoimmune disease myasthenia gravis.AAChRAnti-acetylcholine receptor antibodyInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishAcid-Fast Bacteria CultureThis test is done to find out if you have tuberculosis. Your doctor might order this test if you have a lung infection or symptoms of TB.AAcid-fast bacillus smear and cultureAFB smear and cultureMycobacterial cultureTB culture and sensitivityInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishAcid-Fast Bacteria SmearThis test looks for a type of bacteria called acid-fast bacillus in your sputum. Tuberculosis is the most common infection from this type of bacteria.AAFB smearAFB smear microscopyMycobacterial smearInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishAlbumin (Blood)This test measures the amount of the protein albumin in your blood. The test can help diagnose liver and kidney problems.AALBInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishAlbumin (Urine)This test looks for a protein called albumin in your urine. The test is used to check for kidney damage or disease.A24-hour urine test for albuminUrine albuminInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishAlpha-1 AntitrypsinThis test checks to see if a liver disorder or lung disease is caused by a genetic disorder call alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency.AAAT deficiencyAlpha-1-antiprotease deficiencyAlpha-1-antiproteinase inhibitor deficiencyAlpha-1-antitrypsin (A-1AT) deficiencyInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishAlpha-Fetoprotein (Amniotic Fluid)This test checks a sample of amniotic fluid to confirm a suspected birth defect called an open neural tube defect in your fetus. Spina bifida is an example of a neural tube defect.FAFAFP testAmniotic fluid alpha-fetoproteinAdult (18+)EnglishAlpha-Fetoprotein (Blood)If you are pregnant, this test looks for a fetal substance called alpha-fetoprotein in your blood. Higher levels of AFP may mean your fetus has a birth defect.FmsAFP screenAdult (18+)EnglishAlpha-Fetoprotein Tumor Marker (Blood)This test looks for a protein in your blood that may mean that you have liver cancer or one of several other cancers.AAFPInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishALTThis test measures the amount of a certain enzyme in your blood. High levels are a sign of liver damage.AAlanine aminotransferaseSerum glutamic-pyruvic transaminaseSGPTInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishAmmoniaThis test checks the amount of ammonia in your blood. Ammonia may build up in your body if you have kidney or liver failure.ABlood ammonia testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishBilirubin (Amniotic Fluid)This test is done to see how well your baby is developing inside you.FAmniocentesisAmniotic fluid bilirubin optical densityODAdult (18+)EnglishAmphetamine Screen (Blood)This test measures the amount of a drug called amphetamine in your blood. The test is most commonly used to screen for drug abuse.AAmphetamine blood screenAmphetamine Concentrations Screen (Blood)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)EnglishAmphetamine Screen (Urine)This test detects the presence of amphetamine in your urine. This drug can show up in your urine long after you've taken it.AAMPDrug testToxicology urine screenTeen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishAmylase (Blood)This test measures the level of the enzyme amylase in your blood. Amylase levels in your blood rise when your pancreas or your salivary glands are inflamed.ASerum amylaseInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishAmylase (Urine)This test is used to find out whether you have pancreatitis or another pancreas-related disorder.AAmylaseInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishAnaerobic CultureThis test looks for certain bacteria in a wound or an infection in a fluid sample. These bacteria are called anaerobic because they don’t need oxygen to grow.AWound cultureInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishAngiotensin Converting Enzyme (Blood)This test measures the level of a certain enzyme in your blood. It can help diagnose a condition called sarcoidosis.ASACESerum angiotensin converting enzymeInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishAnion Gap (Blood)This test looks at electrically charged particles in your blood to help your doctor diagnose acid-base imbalances.ASerum anion gapInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishAntidiuretic HormoneThis test measures the amount of antidiuretic hormone (ADH) in your blood. ADH regulates your body's balance of water.AArginine vasopressinAVPVasopressinInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishAntimitochondrial Antibody and Antimitochondrial M2 AntibodyThis test looks for certain substances in your blood that may mean you have a form of liver disease.AAMAAntimitochondrial M2 antibodyMitochondrial antibodyInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishAntimyocardial AntibodyThis test checks the level of a certain antibody in your blood that can indicate heart damage. The antibodies show up before symptoms appear.AAMAAnti-cardiac muscle antibodyInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishAntinuclear AntibodyThis blood test is done to help your doctor diagnose a type of illness called an autoimmune disease.AANAFANAFluorescent Antinuclear Antibody TestChildhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishAntiphospholipid AntibodyThis test checks for antibodies that may can help diagnose a condition with abnormal blood clots or an autoimmune disease.AAnticardiolipin antibodyAPALupus anticoagulantInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishAntithrombin (Activity and Antigen)The antithrombin activity and antigen tests are used to help find out what may be causing abnormal blood clots in your body.AAT ActivityFunctional Antithrombin IIIFunctional ATInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishAntitissue Transglutaminase AntibodyThis test screens for celiac disease and also helps your doctor monitor your condition if you have this disease.ACeliac disease testingIgA anti-tissue transglutaminaseIgA Anti-tTGInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishApolipoprotein AThis test measures the amount of a protein in your blood related to LDL and HDL cholesterol. It can help predict your risk for heart disease.AApo A-1Apolipoprotein a-1Infant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishApolipoprotein B100This test measures the amount of a certain type of cholesterol in your blood. The test helps your doctor figure out your risk for cardiovascular disease, a disease affecting your heart and blood vessels.AAApolipoprotein BApoBApoB100Apolipoprotein (B)Infant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishActivated Partial Thromboplastin Clotting TimeThis test clocks the amount of time it takes for your blood to form a clot. You may need this test if your doctor suspects that you have a bleeding disorder.AaPTTBlood coagulation testsIntrinsic pathway coagulation factor profilePartial thromboplastin timePTTInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishArterial Blood Gas (ABG)An arterial blood gas analysis measures the balance of oxygen and carbon dioxide in your blood to see how well your lungs are working.AABGOxygen saturation testPaCO2PaO2pH testSystemic arterial blood gas analysisInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishAspartate TransaminaseThis test is used to diagnose liver damage. AST is an enzyme that is found in your blood when your liver or muscles are damaged.AASTSerum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase test SGOTInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishBartonella AntibodyThis blood test screens for exposure to Bartonella henselae, the bacteria that causes cat scratch disease.ACat scratch disease blood testIndirect fluorescent antibody test (IFA) for IgM and IgG against B. henselaeInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishBasic Metabolic Panel (Blood)This blood test gives information about your body’s metabolism. It gives a snapshot of the health of your kidneys, your blood sugar levels, and the levels of key electrolytes, such as potassium and sodium.ABMPChem 7Chemistry panelElectrolyte panelInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishBence-Jones Protein (Urine)This urine test is used mainly to diagnose and monitor multiple myeloma, a blood cancer.AImmunoassay for free light chainsImmunofixation electrophoresisUrine protein electrophoresisAdult (18+)SeniorEnglishBenzodiazepines (Blood)This is a blood test to screen for a class of drugs called benzodiazepines. These are depressant drugs used to help patients sleep and ease anxiety.ABenzodiazepine drug screenInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishBenzodiazepines (Urine)This is a urine test to screen for a class of drugs called benzodiazepines. These drugs are often informally called tranquilizers, sleeping pills, and muscle relaxants.AToxic urine screenUrine toxicology screenInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishBeta Hemolytic Streptococcus Culture (Genital, Urine)This test looks for group B streptococcus (GBS) bacteria in a culture sample either from your urine or from secretions in your vagina and rectum.AGroup B strep screenInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishBeta Hemolytic Streptococcus Culture (Throat)This test looks for the bacteria that cause strep throat. This condition causes a severe sore throat and makes it painful to swallow.AStrep testThroat cultureInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishBicarbonateThis test measures the amount of bicarbonate, a form of carbon dioxide, in your blood.ACarbon dioxide testCO2 testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishDirect BilirubinThis test looks for bilirubin in your blood or urine. The test is usually done to look for liver problems, such as hepatitis, or blockages, such as gallstones.AConjugated bilirubinInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishBlood SmearThis test looks at the number and shape of your red and white blood cells and platelets to see whether they are normal.ABlood smear analysisPeripheral blood filmPeripheral blood smearSmearInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishBlood Type and CrossmatchThis is a set of tests that looks for harmful interactions between your blood and donor blood. The tests are done before a blood transfusion.ABlood typingCrossmatchingInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishBNP (Blood)This test measures the amount of a protein that builds up in your blood when you have heart failure. It's an important tool for doctors to diagnose heart failure quickly.AB-type natriuretic peptideInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishBone Marrow Aspiration and BiopsyThis is a two-part test that looks at the blood cells in a sample of bone marrow, the spongy tissue within certain bones. This test may help your doctor diagnose or monitor a blood disease or health condition affecting your marrow.ABone marrow examInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishBordetella Pertussis Antibody (Blood)This test checks for Bordetella pertussis antibodies in your blood. B. pertussis are the bacteria that cause pertussis, or whooping cough.AWhooping cough antibody testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishBorrelia Antibody (Blood)This test measures the level of Borrelia antibodies in your blood. Borrelia burgdorferi bacteria cause Lyme disease.ABorrelia burgdorferi antibodies testIgM/IgG testLyme disease testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishBorrelia Antibody (CSF)This test looks for Borrelia antibodies in your cerebrospinal fluid. Borrelia burgdorferi bacteria cause Lyme disease.ALyme disease test (CSF)Infant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishBrucella AntibodyThis test looks for brucellosis, an infectious disease usually caused by handling animals or milk products infected with the brucella bacteria.ABMATBrucella agglutination titerBrucella antibody titerBrucella microagglutination testBrucella-specific agglutinationStandard tube agglutination testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishBrucella Antibody (CSF)This test looks at fluid from your spinal cord to find out if you have an illness called brucellosis.ACSF agglutination testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishC-Peptide (Urine)This test measures how much insulin your body produces. This is important if you have hypoglycemia or other issues related to diabetes.AUrine C-peptideInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishC-Reactive Protein (Blood)This test is used to find out if you have inflammation in your body. The test detects the amount of a protein made by your liver and released into your bloodstream.ACRPInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishCA 125This test looks for the protein CA 125 in your blood. CA 125 is higher in many women with ovarian cancer.FCancer antigen 125Glycoprotein antigenOvarian cancer antigenAdult (18+)SeniorEnglishCA 19-9This test looks for the antigen called CA 19-9 in your blood. It may help diagnose pancreatic cancer and other types of cancer.ACA 19-9 radioimmunoassay (RIA) testCancer antigen 19-9Infant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishCA 27-29This blood test is used to monitor breast cancer and to find out whether it might recur. It is not a screening test.ACancer antigen 27-29Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishCalcium (Blood)This test measures the amount of calcium in your blood. It can be used to diagnose a variety of disorders, from kidney disease to parathyroid problems.AIonized calciumTotal calciumInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishCalcium (Urine)This test measures the level of calcium in your urine. If too much calcium builds up in your urine, you may be at risk for kidney stones.AUrinalysis (calcium) Infant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishCampylobacter Culture (Stool)This test looks for harmful bacteria called Campylobacter in a culture sample from your stool.AFecal (poop) smearStool sample examinationInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishCannabinoid Screen and Confirmation (Urine)This is a two-part test to look for THC, the active ingredient in marijuana, in your urine. It's considered quite accurate.ADAST Drug abuse screening test Drug abuse testMarijuana drug test (urine)Marijuana screenInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishCarbon Dioxide (Blood)This test measures the amount of carbon dioxide in your blood. Normally, carbon dioxide in your bloodstream causes no problems, but if you have far too much or too little of it, you may have a disease or a medical emergency.ABicarbonate blood testBicarbonate testCarbon dioxide blood testCarbon dioxide contentCO2 contentInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishCarbon Monoxide (Blood)This test measures the level of carbon monoxide in your blood. You may need this test if you have smoke inhalation or symptoms of CO poisoning.AArterial blood gas CO blood gasCO blood testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishCarcinoembryonic AntigenThis test measures a protein called carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) in your blood. This protein is present on some types of cancer cells.ACEAInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishCardiac Biomarkers (Blood)This test measures the levels of cardiac biomarkers – enzymes, hormones, and proteins – in your blood. Some of these markers increase after you've had a heart attack.AInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishCardiolipin AntibodyThis test helps your doctor diagnose clotting disorders and autoimmune diseases. It measures the concentration of antibodies related to a fat molecule in your blood.AAnticardiolipinCardiolipin antibodiesCardiolipin antibodies IgACardiolipin antibodies IgGCardiolipin antibodies IgMInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishTotal and Free CarnitineThis test measures the amount of a substance called carnitine in your blood. Carnitine makes it possible for your body to digest fatty acids.APlasma acylcarnitine analysisPlasma carnitineQuantitative plasma carnitineInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishCatecholamines (Blood)This test measures the levels of catecholamines in your blood. The catecholamine hormones are epinephrine, also called adrenaline; norepinephrine; and dopamine.ADopamine, epinephrine, and norepinephrine testsInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishCatecholamines (Urine)This test measures the levels of catecholamines in your urine. The test may help find out whether you have a rare type of tumor.AInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishCD4-CD8 RatioThis test looks at the ratio of two important types of white blood cells in your blood. If you have HIV, the results can help your doctor know how strong your immune system is.ACD4/CD8 ratio T-cell testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishCeruloplasmin (Blood)This test measures the amount of copper-containing protein in the blood. It can help diagnose copper disorders like Wilson's disease.ACPInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishChlamydia Pneumoniae (Swab)If your health care provider suspects that you have this type of pneumonia, he or she may do a swab test of your nose or throat.AChlamydophila pneumoniae (C. pneumoniae) (swab)Pneumonia testingThroat cultureInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishChlamydia Trachomatis (Swab)This test looks for bacteria that cause chlamydia, the most common sexually transmitted disease in the U.S.AC. trachomatis testChlamydia testCZ testTeen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishChlamydia Trachomatis (Urine)This test looks for the bacteria that cause chlamydia, the most common sexually transmitted disease in the U.S.ATeen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishChlorideThis test will find out how much chloride is in your blood and help your doctor find out if you have a kidney problem.AClSerum chlorideInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishChloride (Urine)This test measures the amount of chloride in your urine. Knowing your chloride level is useful if you have a condition called metabolic alkalosis.AUrine chlorideInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishCholesterolThis test measures the amount of cholesterol in your blood to help determine your risk for heart disease.ASerum cholesterolTotal blood cholesterolInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishCholinesterase (Blood)This test looks for toxic chemicals in your blood. These chemicals are most often found in insecticides, either those use in fields or those used in bug sprays.ARBC cholinesteraseRed cell cholinesteraseSerum cholinesteraseInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishChromosome AnalysisThis test looks for changes, or abnormalities, in the chromosomes that make up your body’s DNA, or genetic road map.AGenetic testingKaryotypingInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishClinical Genetic TestingThis screening test looks for inherited diseases or genes that put you at risk for a certain disease.AInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishClonazepam Drug Level (Blood)This test measures the amount of clonazepam in your blood. Clonazepam is a drug used to treat seizures.AKlonopin levelInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishClostridium Difficile Toxin (Stool)This test looks at your stool for toxins that may be causing persistent diarrhea. AC. diffC. difficileInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishCocaine ScreenA cocaine screen is a test done to find out whether you have used cocaine recently. The test can be done on your urine, saliva, blood, hair, or sweat.ACocaine drug testDrug-of-abuse testSubstance abuse testTox screenToxicology screenTeen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishComplement C3 (Blood)This test measures the amount of C3 proteins in your blood. C3 proteins are part of your immune system. This test can help diagnose lupus.AC3Complement component CInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishComplement C4 (Blood)This test measures the amount of a protein called C4 in your blood. You may need this test if your doctor suspects that you have an autoimmune disease.AC4Complement component 4Infant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishComplete Blood CountThis test looks at the number and size of various blood cells to help judge your overall health or to diagnose a range of illnesses, from anemia to infections.ACBCInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishComplete Blood Count with DifferentialThis panel of tests looks for many illnesses, including anemia, infections, and leukemia, in your blood. It can help see how your overall health is.ACBC w/ diff Infant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishComprehensive Metabolic PanelThis test is a screening panel of 14 tests that look at your metabolism. The tests help see how well your liver and kidneys are working.AChem 12Chemistry panelChemistry screenCMPMetabolic panelInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishCortisol (Blood)This test may help in the diagnosis of two fairly uncommon medical conditions: Cushing’s syndrome and Addison’s disease. The test also screens for other diseases that affect your pituitary and adrenal glands.ABlood cortisolPlasma cortisolInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishCortisol (Urine)This test looks for two rare medical conditions: Cushing's syndrome and Addison's disease, as well as other diseases that affect your pituitary and adrenal glands.AUrine free cortisol testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishCreatine Kinase (Blood)This test measures the amount of a protein called creatine kinase (CK) in your blood. Levels of CK can rise after a heart attack or skeletal muscle injury.ACKCPKCreatine phosphokinaseInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishCreatine Kinase with Isoenzymes (Blood)This test is used to find out whether you have muscle damage, including damage to your heart muscle. ACKCK-BBCK-MBCK-MMCPKCreatine kinaseCreatine phosphokinase with isoenzymesInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishCreatine Kinase MB (Blood)This test measures the amount of the enzyme creatine kinase in your blood. A certain form of this enzyme can help find out whether you're having a heart attack.ACK-MBInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishCreatine Kinase MB/Creatine Kinase RatioThis test measures the amount of creatine kinase (CK), an enzyme, in your blood. The test can help your doctor find out whether you're having a heart attack.ACardiac indexRatio of CK-MB to total CKInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishCreatinine ClearanceThis test looks at how well your kidneys are working and how well blood is flowing to them.ACCTCRCLInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishCreatinine (Blood)This test checks to see how well your kidneys are working. Creatinine is a normal waste product. If it builds up in your body, it could be a sign of kidney disease.ABlood creatinineSerum creatinineInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishCreatinine (Urine)This test measures the level of a substance called creatinine in your urine. Too much creatinine may be a sign of kidney disease.AUrine creatinineInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishCryofibrinogenThis test looks for abnormal proteins in your blood plasma. These abnormal proteins may mean you have a life-threatening disease called cryofibrinogenemia.ACFCryofibrinogenemiaInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishCryoglobulinThis test is done to find out if you have abnormal proteins in your blood. They can be a sign of rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, or Raynaud's syndrome, among other illnesses.ACryocritCryoproteinInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishCystatin CThis test measures the amount of a protein called cystatin C in your blood. This is a relatively new blood test to look at your kidney health.AInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishCystic Fibrosis Genetic Carrier Testing This test is done to see if you carry a defective gene that may cause cystic fibrosis in your child.ACystic fibrosis genetic testingAdult (18+)EnglishGene Mutation for Cystic Fibrosis in Newborns (Blood)This test looks for cystic fibrosis in newborn babies. People with CF tend to develop chronic lung disease and are at risk for lung infections.AGenetic test for cystic fibrosisInfant (0 - 11 mo)EnglishCystic Fibrosis Sweat TestA chloride sweat test is the gold standard test for diagnosing cystic fibrosis, a disease that causes mucus to build up in the lungs and other organs.AChloride sweat testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)EnglishCytomegalovirus (Amniotic Fluid)This test checks a developing baby for cytomegalovirus (CMV), a virus that belongs to the herpes family of viruses.FTeen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)EnglishCytomegalovirus (Blood)This test looks for antibodies to cytomegalovirus (CMV), a virus in the herpes family, in your blood.ACMV (serum)Cytomegalovirus antibodyCytomegalovirus serologic testIgGIgMInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishCytomegalovirus (Urine)This test looks for cytomegalovirus, a common virus that belongs to the herpes family. Your doctor might order the test if you have unexplained symptoms that resemble the flu.ACMV testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishD-DimerThis test is used to rule out whether you have a blood clot. When blood clots form and start to break down, they release the substance D-dimer into the blood.AFibrin degradation fragmentFragment D-dimerInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishDeamidated Gliadin AntibodyThis test helps your doctor find out whether you have celiac disease, an autoimmune disorder.ADeamidated gliadin peptide antibodyDGPDGP-AGAInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishDehydroepiandrosterone and Dehydroepiandrosterone Sulfate This test measures the level of DHEA and DHEA-S in your blood. It may also be used to check how well your adrenal glands are working.ADHEADHEA-SInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishDigoxin Drug Level This test measures the amount of the heart drug digoxin in your blood. When you take digoxin, it’s important that the drug be at the right level for you to benefit from it.ADig levelTherapeutic digoxin monitoringInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishDiphtheria Antitoxoid AntibodyThis test measures the level of diphtheria antibodies in your blood. Diphtheria is extremely rare in the U.S., but you may be at risk if you have traveled to an area where the disease is common.AAnti-diphtheria testDIPEDIPH2DIPOInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishDirect AntiglobulinThe direct antiglobulin test, or direct Coombs test, is a blood test used to diagnose a type of anemia caused by your immune system.ADirect Coombs testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishEBV AntibodyThis test checks for antibodies to the Epstein-Barr virus. It often doesn't have any symptoms, but in teens and young adults, it can mononucleosis.AEBV-specific antibodiesSpecific Epstein-Barr virus antibodiesInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishElectrolytesThis test measures the main electrolytes in your body: sodium, chloride, potassium, and carbon dioxide. ACarbon dioxide (CO2)Chloride (Cl)Electrolyte panelLytesPotassium (K)Sodium (Na)Infant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishEndomysial AntibodyThis test looks for certain antibodies in your blood that may mean you have celiac disease, an autoimmune disease that affects your intestines.AEMA testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishEntamoeba histolytica AntibodyThis test looks for antibodies to a parasite that causes the disease amebiasis. This disease is more common in tropical countries with poor sanitation.AAmebiasis antibody testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishImmunohistochemical Test for Estrogen and Progesterone ReceptorsThis test looks for several types of receptors on cells in a sample of breast cancer tissue. It helps your doctor figure out which type of breast cancer you have.AIHC testingTeen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishErythrocyte Sedimentation RateThis test measures how quickly your red blood cells settle to the bottom of a test tube. The faster they settle, the more likely you have inflammation.AESRSed rateInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishErythropoietin (Blood)This test measures how much of the hormone erythropoietin you have in your blood. You may need this test to help find out what kind of anemia you have.AEPOInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishEstradiol (Blood)This test measures the amount of estradiol (E2), the form of estrogen made primarily by the ovaries.AE2Infant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishEthanol (Blood)This test measures the amount of alcohol, or ethanol, in your blood. This test is used by law enforcement agencies and hospitals to find out the concentration of alcohol in a person’s blood.ABlood alcohol testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishFactor IThis test measures the amount of a protein called factor I, or fibrinogen, in your blood. It helps find out if you have a bleeding or clotting disorder.AFactor I (Fibrinogen)Functional fibrinotenSerum fibrinogenInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishFactor IIThis test measures how much of the protein prothrombin, or factor II, is in your blood. It can help diagnose bleeding and clotting disorders.AFactor II (Prothrombin)Factor II assayInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishFactor IX (Antihemophilic Factor B)The factor IX test is part of a larger screening to find out which type of hemophilia you have.AChristmas diseaseFactor IX deficiency testFactor IX hemophiliaFIXHemophilia BInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishFactor VThis test looks for a deficiency in a protein called factor V. This protein is one of your body's "clotting factors." When you have too little factor V, you may have bleeding problems.AClotting factor testsFactor V assayInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishFactor VIII (Antihemophilic Factor A)This test helps find out whether you have hemophilia A or another clotting disorder.AAHFAntihemophilia factor A testCoagulation factor testFactor VIII:CInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishFactor XThis test checks for a deficiency in a protein in the blood known as Factor X. This protein helps with clotting.AClotting factor testsFactor assaysInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishFactor XIThis test measures the amount of factor XI in your blood. Factor XI is a substance that plays an important role in blood clotting.AFactor XI deficiency testFXITest for hemophilia CInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishFactor XIIThis test measures the amount of a protein called coagulation factor XII in your blood. Factor XII is one of several clotting factors.ACoagulation factor XIIF12FA12-humanHAE3HAEXHAFHageman factorInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishFecal FatThis test measures the amount of fat in your stool. Having too much fat in your stool may mean that you have malabsorption.AFat in stoolFecal fat stainQuantitative stool fatInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishFecal Occult Blood TestA fecal occult blood test checks a stool sample for blood that can't be seen with the naked eye. Blood in the stool is a sign of bleeding in the digestive tract.AFOBTStool occult blood testAdult (18+)SeniorEnglishFerritin (Blood)This test measures how much iron is in your blood. Too much or too little iron can cause health problems.ASerum ferritin levelInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishFetal FibronectinThis test measures the amount of a protein made during pregnancy. It can help your doctor know if you are at risk for premature delivery.FfFNTeen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)EnglishFluphenazine Drug Level (Blood)This test measures the amount of fluphenazine in your blood. The medication is used to treat schizophrenia and Tourette's syndrome.AInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishFolateThis test measures the amount of folate in either your serum or your red blood cells.AFolic acid testVitamin B9Infant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishFollicle-Stimulating HormoneThis test measures the level of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), an important hormone made in your pituitary gland.AFSHInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishFragile X Syndrome (Amniotic Fluid)This test checks a sample of your amniotic fluid to find out whether your fetus may have fragile X syndrome, a rare genetic disorder.FFMR1 testFragile X DNA test Molecular Fragile X diagnosisTeen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)EnglishFree Androgen IndexThis test is used to find out whether your levels of the hormone androgen are normal. The levels are different for men and women.AFAIInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishFree T4This test measures the level of free T4 in your blood. It helps your doctor know how well your thyroid is working.AFree thyroxine testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishGlucose-6-Phosphate DehydrogenaseThis test finds out whether you have low levels of a particular enzyme that can cause hemolytic anemia.AG6PD deficiencyG6PDDGlucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase deficiencyInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishGalactosemiaThis test looks for enzyme activity in the red blood cells in your child’s blood. It can help diagnose galactosemia, a rare inherited disorder.AClassic galactosemiaDuarte galactosemiaGalactokinase deficiency diseaseGalactose epimerase deficiencyGalactose-1-phosphate uridyl-transferase deficiency diseaseGalactosemia type IGalactosemia type IIGalactosemia type IIIUDP glucose 4-epimerase deficiency diseaseUDP glucose hexose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase deficiencyUDP-galactose-4-epimerase deficiency diseaseUTP hexose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase deficiencyInfant (0 - 11 mo)EnglishGamma-Glutamyl Transpeptidase This test looks for an enzyme called gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase in your blood. The test can help find out whether you have liver damage.AGamma-glutamyl transferaseGGTGGTPInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishGastrinThis test measures the amount of the hormone gastrin in your blood. You may need this test if you have recurrent peptic ulcers.AInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishGiardia Antigen (Stool)This is a stool sample test to look for the parasite Giardia intestinalis, which causes an infection of the small bowel called giardiasis or travelers’ diarrhea.AStool antigen testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishGlomerular Filtration RateThis test looks for changes in how well your kidneys are working. This is especially important if you have diabetes or high blood pressure.AEGFREstimated glomerular filtration rateGFRInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishGlucose (Blood)A blood glucose test tells you whether your level of glucose is within a healthy range. Fasting plasma glucose is a common test for diagnosing diabetes.ABlood sugar testFasting plasma glucoseFPGRandom plasma glucoseSelf-monitoring of blood glucoseSMBGInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishGlucose (CSF)This test measures the amount of glucose in the fluid that surrounds your brain and spinal cord. If you have a serious infection, your glucose level may be lower than normal.ACSF glucoseInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishGlucose ToleranceThis test is used to screen for prediabetes or diabetes. For the test, you drink a sweet beverage and then have your blood drawn several times over the next few hours.AOGTTOral glucose tolerance testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishTwo-Hour Postprandial GlucoseThis blood test checks for diabetes. It is done after you eat a meal, so your doctor can see how your body responds to the sugar and starch in the food.AGlucose, postprandialGlucose, two-hour postprandialO'Sullivan testTwo-hour postprandial blood sugarTwo-hour PPGInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishGlucose (Urine)This test is used to indirectly find out if your levels of glucose – blood sugar – are within a healthy range. It's used to monitor both type 1 and type 2 diabetes.AUrine glucoseInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishGonorrhea Culture (Discharge)This test looks for the bacteria that cause gonorrhea, a sexually transmitted disease.ACulture of the cervix, urethra, and anusGCSTD cultureInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishGonorrhea Culture (DNA Probe) This test looks for DNA of gonorrhea bacteria in a sample of bodily fluid. It can distinguish between an infection caused by gonorrhea and one caused by chlamydia.ADNA probe testMolecular probe testNucleic acid hybridization testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishGonorrhea (Urine)This test looks at your urine to find out whether you are infected with gonorrhea, a common sexually transmitted disease.AN. gonorrhoeaeNeisseria gonorrhoeaeInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishGram StainThis test finds out whether you have a bacterial infection. The test can be used on various bodily fluids, such as blood and urine.AGram stain procedureInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishGrowth Hormone AntibodyThis test looks for growth hormone (GH) antibodies in your blood. These antibodies may mean that your growth treatment may not be working.AAnti-human GH antibodiesGrowth hormone neutralizing antibodiesInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishGrowth Hormone (Blood)This test measures the amount of growth hormone in your blood. This hormone affects height, bone, and muscle growth in children. It affects how adults feel and look, as well as their bone and muscle health.AInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishGrowth Hormone with Stimulation (Blood)This test measures the level of growth hormone in your blood by stimulating hormone production.AArginineClonidineGHGHDGHRHGlucagonGrowth-hormone-releasing hormoneInsulin tolerance test or insulin-induced hypoglycemiaL-dopaInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishGrowth Hormone with Suppression (Blood)This test measures the level of growth hormone in your blood. Too much of this hormone may mean you have a tumor in your pituitary gland.AGHInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishHaemophilus Influenzae AntibodyThis test measures the amount of anti-Hib IgG iantibody in your blood. The test can find out how well your body has responded to the Hib vaccine.AHaemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) IgG antibody levelInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishHaptoglobinThis test measures the level of a protein called haptoglobin in your blood. Low levels may mean that you have a type of anemia.AHemoglobin-binding proteinHpHPTInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishHCG (Blood)This test is the gold standard for determining whether you are pregnant. It shows that you are pregnant before an imaging test, such as an ultrasound, can do so.FHuman chorionic gonadotropin hormoneTeen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)EnglishHCG (Urine)This test measures the amount of human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) in your urine. It can tell whether you are pregnant within days of a missed period.FHuman chorionic gonadotropin urine testTeen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)EnglishHDL CholesterolThis test measures the amount of HDL ("good") cholesterol in your blood. It's one of several tests that can determine your risk for heart disease.AHigh-density lipoprotein cholesterolInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishHelicobacter Pylori AntibodyThis test measures the levels of Helicobacter pylori antibodies in your blood. The test can help find out whether your peptic ulcers are caused by these bacteria.AH. pyloriInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishHelicobacter Pylori CultureThis test is used to find out if you are infected with Helicobacter pylori bacteria.AH. pylori cultureInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishHelicobacter Pylori Urea BreathThis is a breath test that checks for H. pylori, a common infection that can cause ulcers and other stomach irritations.AUBTUrea breath testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishHematocritThis test measures how much of your blood is made up of red blood cells. Too many or too few red blood cells can cause health problems.AHCTPacked cell volumePCVInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishHemoglobinThis is a blood test to find out how much hemoglobin is in your blood. You may need this test if you have anemia or symptoms of anemia.AH and HHbHemoglobin and hematocritHgbInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishHemoglobin CThis test can find out whether you have hemoglobin C disease, a blood disorder. Hemoglobin C causes hemolytic anemia, which is similar to sickle cell disease.AHemoglobin C blood testHemoglobin electrophoresisHgb electrophoresisInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishHemoglobin (Fetal)Fetal hemoglobin is one of many types of hemoglobin in the blood. High levels may mean you have thalassemia, myeloid leukemia, or sickle cell anemia.AHemoglobin analysisHemoglobin electrophoresisInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishHemoglobin SThis test looks for an abnormal type of hemoglobin called hemoglobin S in your blood. This type of hemoglobin can be a sign that you have sickle cell disease.AHgb S testSickle cell testSickledexInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishHepatitis A AntibodyThis test finds out whether you are infected with the hepatitis A virus. Hepatitis A is one of five hepatitis viruses, all of which can infect the liver.AIgM IgM anti-HAVInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishHepatitis B Core AntibodyThis test looks for antibodies called IgM in your blood. The test is used to find out whether you are actively infected with the hepatitis B virus.AHBcAbIgM anti-HBcInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishHepatitis B Surface AntigenThis test looks for hepatitis B surface antigens in your blood. The test is used to find out whether you have a recent or long-standing infection from the hepatitis B virus.AHBsAgInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishHepatitis C AntibodyThis test determines whether you are infected with the hepatitis C virus, a virus that attacks the liver and can lead to liver disease.AAntibody to HCVAnti-HCVInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishHepatitis PanelThis test finds out whether you have a hepatitis infection. It looks for infection by one of several hepatitis viruses.AHbsAg, HbcAB IgM, HA AB IgM, Hep C ABHepatitis A antibody IgMHepatitis B core antibody IgMHepatitis B surface antigenHepatitis C antibodiesInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishHerpes Simplex Virus AntibodyThis test screens for the herpes simplex virus and can help diagnose current and recurrent infections.AHerpes simplex virus antibodiesHSV-1 antibodiesHSV-1 antibodyHSV-2 antibodiesHSV-2 antibodyInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishHerpes Simplex Virus Culture and TypingThis test looks for which type of herpes simplex virus is causing your infection.AViral isolationInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishHIV-1 AntibodyThe test looks for HIV-1 antibodies in your blood. Your body makes these antibodies when you have been exposed to HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.AHIV testHuman immunodeficiency virus antibody test, type 1Infant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishHIV Genotypic ResistanceThis blood test looks at the genetic makeup of a strain of HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. The test can be useful in planning your treatment for HIV.AGenotypic resistance assayInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishHIV-1/HIV-2 Rapid ScreenThis test looks for HIV infection in your blood or saliva. It can give you results in about 20 minutes.ARapid HIV antibody testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishHIV Viral LoadThis test measure the amount of HIV in your blood. HIV causes AIDS, and this test is used to see how well your HIV treatment is working.ARNA testViral load testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishHLA AntibodyThis test looks for a certain antibody made by your immune system. The test is done if you need an organ transplant.AHLA antibody screeningHLA screening assayInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishHLA AntigenThis test looks at the human leukocyte antigens (HLA) in your blood. It helps match donors and recipients for stem-cell and organ transplants.AHuman leukocyte antigen (HLA) typingInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishHLA-B27 AntigenThis test looks for a certain protein made by your immune system. The test can help tell whether you have an autoimmune disease.AHistocompatibility leukocyte A antigenHuman leukocyte A antigenHuman lymphocyte antigen B27White blood cell antigensInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishHomocysteineThis test measures levels of homocysteine in your blood. At high levels, it can damage the lining of arteries and encourage blood clotting.ATotal homocysteineInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishHuman Papillomavirus (HPV)This test looks for the virus that causes genital warts and cervical, throat, and anal cancer.FDNA PapHPV co-testHPV DNA testTeen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishHSV DNA (CSF)This test finds out if you have DNA from the herpes simplex virus in your nervous system. It can help diagnose encephalitis and meningitis.AHerpes simplex 1 infectionHerpes simplex 2 infectionInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishImmunofixation (Blood)This blood test finds out if you are abnormally making or losing protein or whether you are having problems absorbing protein.AIFEImmunofixation electrophoresisInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishImmunofixation by Electrophoresis (Urine)This test separates and measures proteins in your urine. It looks for an abnormal protein called monoclonal protein, or M-protein.AIFEImmunofixation electrophoresisInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishImmunofixation and Protein Electrophoresis (CSF)This test looks for certain proteins in a sample of your cerebral spinal fluid. Having these proteins may be a sign of multiple sclerosis or other central nervous system disorder.ACSF protein electrophoresisImmunofixation electrophoresisIPE CSFInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishInsulin-Like Growth FactorThis test measures the amount of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) in your blood.AIGFInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishTotal and Free Insulin (Blood)This test measures two types of insulin in your body: total and free. The test can help diagnose low blood sugar, or hypoglycemia.ASerum insulin levelInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishInternational Normalized Ratio This blood test looks to see how well your blood clots. The test is especially important if you take blood-thinning medications.AINRStandardized prothrombin timeInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishIntrinsic Factor AntibodyThis is a blood test for pernicious anemia, which is caused by a deficiency of vitamin B12.AIF antibodyIntrinsic factor antibody levelIntrinsic factor blocking antibody measurementInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishIron (Blood)This test measures the level of iron in your blood. Having too little or too much iron can lead to health problems.ASerum FeInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishIron and Total Iron-Binding CapacityThese tests measure the amount of iron in your blood and how well that iron moves through your body.AIron (Fe)Serum ironTIBCInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishKetone Bodies (Blood)This test measures ketones, a byproduct of digestion, in your blood. A high level of ketones is a potentially fatal complication of diabetes.AKetones, bloodKetones, serumInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishKetone Bodies (Urine)This test checks the amount of ketones you have in your body. People with diabetes may have high levels of ketones.AKetone testUrine ketonesInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishKidney Stone (Urine)This test checks your urine for chemicals that might cause your body to form kidney stones.A24-hour collectionUrine stone risk profileInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishLactate Dehydrogenase (CSF)This test measures the amount of an enzyme in your cerebrospinal fluid. The test can help diagnose diseases and conditions that affect your central nervous system.ALactic acid dehydrogenase (CSF)LDH CSFInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishLactate Dehydrogenase IsoenzymesThis test measures different enzymes in your blood. You may need this test if you've had a heart attack, or if you have a blood disorder or liver damage.ALactic dehydrogenaseLDHInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishLactic Acid Dehydrogenase (Blood)This test looks at how much of the enzyme LDH you have in your blood. Higher levels of this substance could mean you've had a heart attack or other tissue damage.ALactate hydrogenaseLactic dehydrogenaseLDHInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishLactose Tolerance (Blood)This test tells whether your body is able to break down lactose, a sugar found in milk and other dairy products. If you can't digest lactose, you have lactose intolerance.ALactose tolerance serumInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishLactose Tolerance Hydrogen (Breath)This test measures the amount of hydrogen gas in your breath. It can help find out if you are unable to digest milk and other dairy products.AHBTHydrogen breath testLactose breath testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishLDL CholesterolThis test measures the amount of LDL cholesterol in your blood. It may be done as part of a routine exam for high cholesterol.ALDL-CLow-density lipoprotein-cholesterolInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishLead (Blood)This test measures the amount of lead in your child’s blood. High levels of lead in the blood can be toxic.ABLLSerum lead levelInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)EnglishAdult Lead (Blood)This test measures the levels of lead in your blood. You may be exposed to lead on your job or through lead-based paint used in your home.ALead poisoning testAdult (18+)SeniorEnglishLegionella AntibodyThis test looks for an antibody that may be in your blood if you have Legionnaires’ disease. This disease is a type of pneumonia or serious lung infection.ALegionella antibody assay Legionnaires’ disease antibody testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishLeptin (Blood)This test measures the amount of leptin in your blood. The test can help figure out how much body fat you have.ALeptin serum test Infant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishLipaseThis test measures the amount of lipase in your blood. Lipase is an enzyme that is made by your pancreas. Higher levels may mean you have a problem with your pancreas.ASerum lipaseInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishLipid PanelThis group of tests measures the amount of cholesterol and other fats in your blood.ALipid profileLipoprotein profileInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishLipid Panel with Total Cholesterol: HDL RatioThis group of tests measures the amount of cholesterol and triglycerides in your blood. This test looks at the ratio between total and HDL cholesterol levels.ACholesterol HDL ratioCholesterol panelHDL cholesterolTotal cholesterolInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishLipid Panel with Non-HDL CholesterolThis test measures your level of LDL ("bad") cholesterol. The higher your LDL levels, the greater your risk for heart disease.ANon-HDL-CInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishLipoprotein-Associated Phospholipase A2 This test looks for a specific lipoprotein, Lp-PLA2, in your blood. The test is used to help predict your risk for cardiovascular disease and stroke.ALp-PLA2Infant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishLithiumThis test measures and monitors the amount of lithium in your blood. Lithium is a medication used to treat certain psychiatric illnesses.ALithium blood testLithium levelsSerum lithium levelsInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishLiver Kidney Microsomal AntibodyThis test looks for a certain type of antibody in your child’s blood. Having this antibody may mean that your child has liver damage caused by a form of hepatitis.FAntibodies to liver and kidney microsomesAnti-LKMChildhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)EnglishLiver PanelThis group of tests measures specific proteins and enzymes in your blood. It can tell how healthy your liver is and help diagnose liver disease or damage.AAlb, Tbil, Dbil, Alk Phos, ALT, Tot ProteinHepatic function testLiver function panel (LFP)Liver function test (LFT)Infant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishLipoprotein(a) CholesterolThis test measures the level of lipoprotein (a) in your blood. A high level of this cholesterol may mean you have heart disease or another cholesterol-related condition.ACholesterol Lp(a)Lp(a)Infant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishLecithin-Sphingomyelin Ratio (Amniotic Fluid)This test measures two substances found in amniotic fluid near the end of pregnancy. The amounts can tell your doctor how mature your unborn baby's lungs are.FLS ratioTeen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)EnglishLupus AnticoagulantThis is a specialized blood test to determine whether your body is producing certain antibodies or proteins that cause you to have a blood-clotting disorder.ADilute Russell Viper Venom TestDRVVTLALA Sensitive PTTLupus Anticoagulant PanelLupus InhibitorModified Russell Viper Venom TestMRVVTPTT-LAInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishLuteinizing Hormone (Blood)This test measures the level of luteinizing hormone in your blood. It can help figure out the cause of infertility or diagnose a pituitary disorder.ALHInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishMagnesium (Blood)This test measures the amount of magnesium in your blood. Too little or too much of this mineral can mean you have certain health problems.AMgInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishMDMA Drug Screen (Urine)This is a urine test to screen for MDMA, a street drug also known as Ecstasy.AMDMA urine screening testMethylenedioxymethamphetamine drug screenTeen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishMercury (Blood)This test measures the amount of mercury in your blood. You can be exposed to mercury from polluted air or water, if you work in an industry that still uses mercury, from eating fish that are high in mercury, and from some complementary and alternative health remedies.AHg levelInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishMercury (Urine)This test measures the amount of mercury in your urine. Long-term exposure to mercury can cause kidney and brain damage.AHg urineInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishMetanephrines (Blood)This test measures the substances metanephrine and normetanephrine in your blood. It helps find out whether you have a tumor of the adrenal glands.AMetanephrinePlasma freeInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishMethylmalonic Acid (Blood)This test measures the amount of a substance called methymalonic acid (MMA) in your blood. Higher levels may mean you have a vitamin B12 deficiency.AMMAInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishMethylmalonic Acid (Urine)This test measures the amount of a substance called methylmalonic acid (MMA) in your urine. It can help diagnose a B12 deficiency.AUrinary methylmalonic acid (MMA)Urinary MMAInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishMicroalbumin (Urine)This test looks for minuscule amounts of albumin in your urine. The test can find out whether diabetes has damaged your kidneys.AUrine microalbuminInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishMeasles, Mumps, Rubella AntibodyThis test looks for antibodies to three diseases: measles, mumps, and rubella.AAntibody titerGerman measles antibodyHemagglutination inhibition (HAI)Rubella antibodyRubeola antibodyInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishMononucleosis (Blood)This test looks for signs in your blood that you have the Epstein-Barr virus, the virus that causes mono.AEpstein-Barr testMono testMonospot testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishMRSA CultureThis test looks for bacteria called methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in a fluid sample from your body.AMethicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus culture Infant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishMumps AntibodyThis test looks for antibodies to the mumps virus in your blood. Mumps is a contagious disease that usually begins with flu-like symptoms.AMumps IgM and IgG antibodiesMumps viral cultureInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishMycoplasma (Genital)This test looks for microorganisms in a sample of secretions from your genital area. Mycoplasma may be a sign of infection or a sexually transmitted disease.AMycoplasma culture Infant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishMycoplasma (Sputum)This test looks at sputum, or the mucus from your lower airways. It finds out whether you have a lung infection caused by a certain organism.AAg-EIAAntigen capture-enzyme immunoassayMycoplasma cultureInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishMyoglobin (Blood)This test measures the amount of a protein called myoglobin in your blood. It’s done to help diagnose conditions caused by muscle damage, including heart attack.AMyoglobin-serumSerum myoglobinsInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishMyoglobin (Urine)This test measures a protein called myoglobin in your urine. The test can help find out whether your muscle tissue has been injured.AUrine myoglobinInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishOsmolality (Blood)This test measures the concentration of dissolved particles, or osmolality, in your blood.AOsmolality serum Serum osmolalityInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishOsmolality (Stool)This test measures the concentration, or osmolality, of certain particles in a sample of your watery stool. The test is used to find out why you have chronic diarrhea.AStool osmolalityInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishOsmolality (Urine)This test measures the concentration of particles in your urine. It finds out whether your electrolyte balance is normal and whether your kidneys are working properly.AOsmolal gap testOsmotic gapInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishOva and Parasites (Stool)This test looks for parasites and their larvae or eggs in a sample of your stool.AFecal smearError in contentStool sample examinationInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishOxalate (Urine)This test checks for the chemical oxalate in your blood. High levels of this substance can make it more likely that you will develop kidney stones.AInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishPancreatic PolypeptideThis test measures a substance in your blood called pancreatic polypeptide. Higher levels may mean you have a type of pancreatic tumor.AHuman pancreatic polypeptidePlasma pancreatic polypeptidePPInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishPapThis screening test looks for abnormal cells in the cervix. If abnormal cells are found, your doctor can treat them right away, before they become cancerous.FCervical cytologyPap smearPap smear testPap testPapanicolaou testVaginal smear techniqueTeen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishParathyroid HormoneThis test measures a substance called parathyroid hormone in your blood. This hormone is needed to help regulate the level of calcium in your blood.AParathormoneParathyrinParathyroid hormone assayPTH-C-Terminal Infant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishParvovirusThis test checks for a current or past infection with the virus that causes fifth disease in children.AParvovirus B19 antibodyParvovirus B19 IgMParvovirus B19-specific IgG antibodyInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishPhenobarbitalThis test measures the amount of the drug phenobarbital in your blood. Phenobarbital is used to treat epilepsy.APhenobarbital drug levelPhenobarbital drug monitoringInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishPhenylketonuria (PKU)This test checks newborns for PKU, a condition that can cause brain damage and severe intellectual disability if untreated.AGuthrie assayPKU screeningPKU testInfant (0 - 11 mo)EnglishPlasmodium (Blood)This test looks for Plasmodium parasites in your blood. The parasites cause malaria, a serious disease that can be fatal if left untreated.AMalaria antibody detectionInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishPlatelet AntibodyThis test looks for platelet antibodies in your blood in order to find out the cause of a low platelet count.AAntiplatelet antibody testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishPlateletsThis test measures the number of platelet cells in your blood. It can give your doctor valuable information about how well your blood clots to stop bleeding, how well your bone marrow is working, and about diseases that affect your platelet count.APlatelet countThrombocyte count Infant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishPneumocystis Jirovecii (Tissue, Fluid)This test looks for P. jirovecii fungus in your lung tissue or in fluid from a lung. This fungus causes pneumocystis pneumonia.AP. jiroveciiPCPPneumocystis pneumoniaInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishPorphyrins (Urine)This test looks for substances called porphyrins in your urine. If high levels are present, you may have a disease that affects the way the hemoglobin in your blood works.AMauzerall-Granick testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishPotassiumThis test measures the amount of potassium in your blood. It's often part of a routine blood test to check your level of electrolytes.AKSerum electrolytesSerum potassiumInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishPrealbumin (Blood)The prealbumin screen is a blood test to see whether you are getting enough protein in your diet.APATransthyretin Test Infant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishProgesteroneThis test measures the level of a hormone called progesterone in your blood. You may need this test if you are having trouble getting pregnant.FProgesterone blood testAdult (18+)EnglishProinsulin (Blood)This blood test measures proinsulin, a building block for insulin. Measuring proinsulin in your blood can help figure out your risk for type 1 or type 2 diabetes.AInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishProlactin (Blood)This test measures the level of prolactin in your blood. The test can help find out whether you have a pituitary gland tumor.APRL testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishProtein C (Blood)This test measures the level of protein C in your blood. If you have too little protein C, called a protein C deficiency, it means that your blood may clot too much.AInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishProtein Electrophoresis (Blood)Protein electrophoresis is a test that measures specific proteins in the blood.ASerum Protein ElectrophoresisSPEInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishProtein S (Blood)This test measures levels of protein S, a protein in the blood that helps it to clot.AInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishProtoporphyrin (Blood)The protoporphyrin test is used to diagnose blood abnormalities caused by lead. The test can indicate lead exposure or lead poisoning.AErythrocyte Protoporphyrin TestProtoporphyrinZinc Protoporphyrin TestZPPInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishProstate-Specific AntigenThis test measures the level of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in your blood. If your PSA levels start to rise, you may have prostate cancer.MPSAAdult (18+)SeniorEnglishProthrombin TimeThis test is one of several that looks at how well your blood clots. Your doctor may use this test to help diagnose a blood clotting disorder.APro TimeProthrombin time/international normalized ratioProthrombin time/PTPTPT/INRInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishPartial Thromboplastin TimeThis test is used to help diagnose bleeding problems and clotting disorders. It's often done before surgery to find out if you're at risk for uncontrolled bleeding.AActivated partial thromboplastin timeaPTTPTTInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishQuantitative ImmunoglobulinsThis test measures the amount of antibodies called immunoglobulins in your blood. The test can tell whether you are lacking in one or more of these antibodies.AIgA, IgE, IgG, IgMImmunology testingInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishQuantitative Influenza Antibody (Nasal or Throat Swab)This test checks for influenza antibodies in a sample of secretions from your nose or throat.ADirect immunofluorescence (DFA)Indirect immunofluorescence (IFA) antibody stainingRapid influenza diagnostic testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishRapid Influenza Antigen (Nasal or Throat Swab)This test is quickly checks for signs of the influenza virus in a sample of secretions from your nose or throat.ARapid Influenza diagnostic testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishRapid Plasma ReaginThis test looks for signs of syphilis, a sexually transmitted disease that can cause serious health problems if untreated.ARPR testSyphilis testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishRapid Detection of Respiratory Syncytial VirusThis test looks at cells taken from fluid in your nose or throat to see if you have respiratory syncytial virus, which attacks the upper respiratory tract.AIFARSV indirect immunofluorescence assayRSV rapid detectionInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishStrep Screen (Rapid)This test looks for bacteria that cause strep throat and scarlet fever. Both of these illnesses are quite contagious.ARapid antigen testRapid strep testThroat swabInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishRed Blood Cell AntibodyThis test looks for antibodies to red blood cells (RBCs) in your blood. These antibodies can cause problems during blood transfusions or, if you're pregnant, with your unborn baby.AErythrocyte AbRBC antibody identificationInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishRetic CountThis test measures the number of reticulocytes in your blood. It can be used to diagnose anemia and find out why you have a disease.AReticRetic ctReticulocyte countInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishRh TypingRh typing is very important during pregnancy. If you are Rh negative and your baby is Rh positive, you may have an Rh incompatibility.ARh FactorRh IncompatibilityInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishRheumatoid Factor (Blood)This test measures the level of a substance called rheumatoid factor in your blood. It helps your doctor find out whether you have rheumatoid arthritis.ARF blood testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishRocky Mountain Spotted Fever (Blood)This blood test is used to look for antibodies that your body makes to fight Rocky Mountain spotted fever, a serious bacterial infection caused by a tick bite.ARMSFRocky Mountain spotted fever antibodiesInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishRotavirus (Stool)This stool test is used to diagnose a rotavirus infection, which causes vomiting and diarrhea.AIsolation in cell cultureNucleic acid detection testRotavirus testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishRubellaThis test measures the amount of rubella antibodies in your blood. If you're pregnant, it's especially important to know if you have immunity against this virus.AGerman measlesRubella antibody testThree-day measles Infant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishRubeola Antibody (Blood)This test finds out whether you have been exposed to the virus that causes measles, an extremely contagious disease.ATest for measles-specific IgM antibodyInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishSalicylate (Blood)This test looks for high levels of salicylate, the main ingredient in aspirin. It may be used to diagnose an aspirin overdose or to monitor people taking high doses for arthritis.ASalicylate serum testSerum salicylate concentration testSerum salicylate level testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishSalmonella Culture (Stool)This test looks for salmonella bacteria in your stool. Having these bacteria in your stool means you have a salmonella infection.AStool cultureInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishSemen AnalysisThis is a series of tests that looks at how healthy your semen and sperm are.MSemen testingAdult (18+)SeniorEnglishSerotoninThis test is sometimes used to help diagnose carcinoid syndrome, a problem that can occur in people with carcinoid tumors.A5-HT testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishFree Light Chains (Blood)This test looks for signs of antibodies called immunoglobulins in your blood. It can help diagnose an illness called multiple myeloma.AFreeliteSerum free light chain assayInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishSex Hormone Binding Globulin (Blood)This test measures the level of SHBG in your blood. It can help find out whether you have abnormal testosterone levels.ASHBG blood testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishSjogren's Antibody (Blood)This test checks for antibodies that are a sign of Sjögren's syndrome, an autoimmune disease that makes it hard for your glands to produce enough moisture.ASS-ASS-BInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishSodium (Blood)This test measures how much sodium you have in your blood. Too much or too little can lead to health problems like high blood pressure.ANa testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishSodium (Urine)This test measures the amount of sodium, or salt, in your urine. This test can help your doctor find out whether you have high blood pressure.ANa testUrine sodium testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishSputum CultureThis test finds out what's causing your lung infection. Sputum, or phlegm, is the mucus that settles in the lower airways of your lungs when you have an infection or a chronic illness.AInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishStool CultureThis test looks for bacteria, viruses, and other organisms in your stool. This test can help find out what’s causing a digestive tract infection.AStool sampleStool testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishWhite Blood Cell (Stool)This test looks for white blood cells in your stool. This can help your doctor figure out what's causing inflammatory diarrhea.Afecal leukocyte testStool WBCStool white blood cell testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishStrep Antistreptolysin O Titer (Blood)This test looks for antibodies that your body made when in fighting off group A Streptococcus bacteria. These bacteria cause strep throat.AASO titerInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishT and B Lymphocyte and Natural Killer Cell ProfileThis test finds and counts three types of white blood cells in your blood. White blood cells help your body fight off infections and illness.ALymphocyte profileLymphocyte subset panelInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishFree and Bound Triiodothyronine (Blood)This test measures the level of triiodothyronine (T3) in your blood. T3 is a type of hormone made by your thyroid gland.AT3 testThyroid function testTriiodothyronine testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishFree and Bound T4This is a blood test to measure your level of the hormone thyroxine, or T4. This test can show your doctor whether your thyroid gland is overactive, a condition called hyperthyroidism, or underactive, a condition called hypothyroidism.AFree T4 concentrationThyroxine screenTotal T4 concentrationInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishTartrate-Resistant Acid PhosphataseThis test looks for a substance that can appear in your blood if you have hairy cell leukemia.ABone turnover markerTartrate-resistant acid phosphatase 5bTRAPInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishTay-Sachs DiseaseThis test looks for specific genetic changes in a sample of your blood. These genetic mutations cause most cases of Tay-Sachs disease.ATay-Sachs carrier screeningTay-Sachs DNA analysisTay-Sachs prenatal testingInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishTegretol (Blood)This test measures the amount of the drug carbamazepine in your blood. Carbamazepine is the generic name of a drug used to treat epilepsy, mania, bipolar disorder, and pain.ACarbamazepine levelInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishFree TestosteroneThis test measures both your total and free testosterone levels. Having levels that are too high or too low can cause health problems.AFree T-indexInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishTotal TestosteroneThis test measures the level of testosterone in your blood. Both men and women produce this hormone.ATestosterone, totalInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishTetanus AntibodyThis test looks for tetanus antibody in your blood. If you have been vaccinated for tetanus in the past, this test should show that you have enough antibodies against the disease.AVaccine responsiveness testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishTheophyllineThis test measures the level of the medication theophylline in your blood. Having too much of this drug in your body can be life-threatening.ABlood theophylline levelSerum theophylline concentrationsInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishThrombin TimeThrombin time is a measure of how long the blood's plasma, or the liquid portion of the blood, takes to form a clot.AThrombin clotting timeInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishThyroid AntibodyThis test measures the amount of thyroid antibodies in your blood. The test can help find out whether you have a problem with your thyroid.ATg AbsTPO AbsTSH-Rs AbsInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishThyroid Antithyroglobulin AntibodyThis test looks for antibodies made in response to a protein made by your thyroid. The test can help diagnose thyroid problems, including Hashimoto's thyroiditis.AThyroglobulin antibody testThyroid antibody testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishThyroid Stimulating HormoneThis test measures your level of TSH, a hormone made by your pituitary. You may need this test if you have symptoms of thyroid problems.AThyrotropin testTSHInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishTORCH PanelThe TORCH panel test is used to help diagnose infections that could harm the fetus during pregnancy.FTORCH screenTeen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)EnglishTotal Bilirubin (Blood)This test is used to find out how well your liver is working. A small amount of bilirubin in your blood is normal. Too much may be a sign of liver disease.ATotal serum bilirubinTSBInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishTotal Copper (Blood)This test measures the amount of copper in your blood. Too little or too much copper can cause health problems.ACopper, totalTotal copper serum testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishTotal Protein and A/G RatioThis test measures the amount of protein in your blood. It can help your doctor find out if you have liver disease or nephrotic syndrome.AAlbumin/globulin ratioInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishToxoplasma Gondii (Amniotic Fluid)This test looks for a parasite that can infect an unborn child. A pregnant woman can pick up this parasite by eating undercooked meat, drinking contaminated water, or handling cat feces.FPCR for Toxoplasma gondii DNAPolymerase chain reaction for Toxoplasma gondii DNATeen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)EnglishToxoplasma Gondii AntibodyThis test looks for antibodies against Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) infection in your blood.AAgglutination test ELISAIFA testImmunoglobulin G antibodiesImmunoglobulin M antibodiesSabin-Feldman dye testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishTransferrinThis test measures the amount of the protein transferrin in your blood. Levels of tranferrin tell your doctor about the iron supply in your body.ATIBCTotal iron-binding capacityTransferrin saturationInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishTrichomonas Vaginalis (Discharge)This test looks for a parasite that causes the sexually transmitted disease trichomoniasis. It can cause complications during pregnancy.ATesting for "trich"Trichomonas cultureTrichomoniasisTVInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishTricyclic Antidepressant ScreenThis test is used to check a sample of blood or urine for tricyclic antidepressants. Although these drugs can be helpful in normal doses, taking too much can be fatal.ATricyclic antidepressant (TCA) testingTeen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishTriglyceridesThis test measures the amount of triglycerides in your blood. This test is part of a group of cholesterol and blood fat tests called a fasting lipoprotein panel, or lipid panel.AFasting lipoprotein panelLipid panelInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishTroponinThis test measures the amount of the protein troponin in your blood. It can tell your doctor whether you are having a heart attack.ACardiac troponin (cTn)Cardiac troponin (cTnI)Cardiac troponin (cTnT)Infant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishTrypsin (Blood)This test measures levels of trypsin in your blood to see if you have pancreatitis.ATrypsinogenInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishTrypsin/Chymotrypsin (Stool)This test looks for two enzymes from the pancreas, to find out how well the pancreas is working. This test is used for people with cystic fibrosis.ADirect pancreatic enzyme measurementTest for concentration of pancreatic enzymesInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishUniparental DisomyThis test is used to see if a child has certain chromosome changes.AGenetic testing for Angelman syndromeGenetic testing for Prader-Willi syndromeInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)EnglishBlood Urea NitrogenThis test measures the amount of urea nitrogen in your blood. It can help your doctor find out if you have kidney disease or another kidney disorder.ABUNSerum BUNUrea nitrogenInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishUrea Nitrogen Clearance (Urine)This test measures the amount of urea nitrogen in your urine. The test can help diagnose kidney problems.A24-hour urine testUrine urea nitrogenInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishUric Acid (Blood)This test measures the amount of uric acid in your blood. Too much uric acid can cause gout or kidney stones.ASerum uric acidInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishUric Acid (Synovial Fluid)This test measures the amount of uric acid in the fluid of your joints. The test can help your doctor find out if you have gout, a type of arthritis.ASynovial fluid analysisInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishUric Acid (Urine)This test is used to find out whether you have gout. It can also be used to monitor you during cancer treatment and to check your urine after you've had a kidney stone.A24-hour urinalysisUrinalysisInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishComplete UrinalysisThis test looks at a sample of your urine, to help diagnose, find, or track many conditions, such as diabetes or urinary tract infections.AUAUrine examinationUrine testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishMicroscopic UrinalysisThis test looks at a sample of your urine under a microscope. It can see cells from your urinary tract, blood cells, crystals, bacteria, parasites, and cells from tumors.AMicroscopic examination of urineMicroscopic urine analysisUrinalysis, microscopic examInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishUrine CytologyThis test looks at a sample of your urine to see if it contains abnormal cells. The test is used to diagnose cancers of the urinary tract, including cancers of the kidney, bladder, ureter, and urethra.AUrine examination with microscopeInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglish24-Hour Urine ProteinThis test measures the amount of protein in your urine. When protein shows up in your urine, you may have kidney disease, diabetes, or another condition.A24-hour albumin testProteinuria testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishUrine Protein (Dipstick)This test checks the amount of protein in your urine. Too much protein can be a sign of dehydration, kidney disease, or other health issues.AReagent strip urinalysisUrine albuminInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishVaricella-Zoster Virus AntibodyThis test looks for antibodies in your blood that your body makes against the varicella-zoster virus. The virus causes chickenpox and shingles.ASerum varicella immunoglobulin G antibody levelInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishVDRL (CSF)This test looks for signs of neurosyphilis in your cerebrospinal fluid. Neurosyphilis happens when syphilis isn't treated and spreads to the spinal cord and brain.ACSF VDRLNeurosyphilis detection testNeurosyphilis testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishVascular Endothelial Growth FactorThis test measures the amount of a substance in your body that helps new blood vessels form. The test can help monitor cancer treatment.AVascular permeability factorVEGFVPFInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishViral CultureThis test checks to see whether an infection is caused by a bacterium or a virus. It can also tell which specific virus is causing your infection.AInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishVitamin B12 and FolateThis test measures the levels of vitamin B12 and folate in your blood. You may have low B12 levels if you have pernicious anemia.AInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishVitamin DVitamin D is especially important for bone health. If you have low levels of this vitamin, you may be at risk for osteoporosis or other bone problems.A25(OH)D25-Hydroxyvitamin D Infant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishVLDL CholesterolThis test measures the amount of very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) in your blood. AVery low-density lipoprotein cholesterol testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishVon Willebrand PanelThis test is used to diagnose von Willebrand disease, a bleeding disorder that causes excessive bleeding after minor injuries.AFactor VIII coagulant activity testRistocetin cofactor activity testvon Willebrand factor activity testVon Willebrand factor antigen testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishWest Nile Virus Antibody (Blood)This is a blood test that checks for West Nile virus, an infection that usually affects birds. It can be spread to people through the bite of an infected mosquito.AInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishWestern Equine EncephalitisThis tests looks for the virus that causes Western equine encephalitis, an infection spread to people through bites from infected mosquitoes.ALumbar punctureInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishWhite Cell CountThis test measures the number of white blood cells in your blood. When you get sick, your white blood cell count is higher than normal because your body is releasing more of these cells to fight the infection.AWBC countInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishWound CultureThis test looks for bacteria or other organisms in a wound. The test is used to find out if a wound is infected. It can also identify the type of organism that's causing the infection.AInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishYersinia (Stool)This test checks for an infection from the Yersinia bacteria. This infection is also called yersiniosis.AYersinia stool cultureYersiniosis testInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishMetanephrine (Urine)This urine test measures the amount of metanephrines your body produces over a 24-hour period. A24-Hour Urinary MetanephrinesChildhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishTrypsinogen (Blood) This test measures the amount of trypsinogen in the blood. Trypsinogen is secreted by the pancrease to help with digestion. AImmunoreactive trypsinogenIRTNewborn ScreeningInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishTB Screening (Whole Blood) This blood test is done to find out if you have been infected with tuberculosis (TB). AInterferon-gamma release assay (IGRA)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishTB Screening (Skin)This blood tests helps determine whether you have been infected with tuberculosis (TB). AMantouxPPD (Purified Protein Derivative)TSTTuberculin testTeen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishTB Culture This test screens for tuberculosis by looking for the bacteria in the sputum, urine or cerebrospinal fluid. ATuberculosis cultureChildhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishRed Blood Cell CountA red blood cell (RBC) count is a blood test that measures the number of red blood cells, or erythrocytes, in your bloodstream. AErythrocyte CountRBC CountInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishPhosphorusThis blood test checks the level of phosphorus in your body.AChildhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishPhenytoin This test monitors the level of the seizure medication phenytoin (Dilantin) in your blood. ADilantin TestChildhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishDiabetes Autoantibody Panel This blood test checks for substances called antibodies, which are produced in response to insulin and other chemicals related to insulin. It is used to determine whether a person has type 1 or type 2 diabetes. ADiabetes Mellitus Autoantibody PanelGlutamic Acid Decarboxylase Autoantibodies (GADA) Insulin Autoantibodies (IAA)Insulinoma-associated-2 Autoantibodies (IA-2A)Islet AutoantibodiesIslet Cell Cytoplasmic Autoantibodies (ICA)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishIndirect Antiglobulin This blood test screens for antibodies in your blood. ABlood Antibody ScreeningCoombs Test (indirect)IATIndirect Coombs TestInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishC-Peptide (Blood) This blood test is used to evaluate your body's production of insulin. It's used to help diagnose blood sugar disorders such as diabetes. AConnecting Peptide InsulinInsulin C-PeptideProinsulin C_PeptideChildhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishIndirect Bilirubin This test measures the amount of bilirubin in your blood. AUnconjugated bilirubinInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishCCP This blood test checks for the amino acid citrulline, a marker for rheumatoid arthritis. Aanti-CCPAnti-cyclic citrullinated peptideCCP antibodiesTeen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishBRCAThis blood test checks for mutations for the BRCA 1 and BRCA 2 genes which can increase the risk for breast and ovarian cancer. ABRCA gene 1BRCA gene 2breast cancer susceptibility genebreast cancer susceptibility gene 2Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishCalcitonin This blood test measures the level of calcitonin in your blood. Calcitonin is a hormone secreted by your thyroid. AInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishCA 15-3 CA 15-3 is a blood test used to monitor certain types of cancer. ACancer antigen 15-3Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishBlood Culture This is a blood test checks for infection in your blood. AError in contentBlood Culture and Sensitivity TestInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishAldosterone and Renin This blood test measures levels of aldosterone and renin. AAldosterone-renin ratio (ARR)Plasma AldosteronePlasma Renin Activity (PRA)Infant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishAlkaline PhosphataseThis test measures the amount of an enzyme called alkaline phosphatase in your blood. It can help your doctor diagnose certain liver conditions.AALPInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishACTH (Blood)This blood test measures the amount of adrenocorticotripic hormone (ACTH) the pituitary gland produces.AAdrenocorticotropic hormone blood testCorticotropinInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)SeniorEnglishActivated Coagulation Time ACT is a blood test that measures how long it takes your blood to clot. AACTH TestAdrenocorticotropic hormone blood testCorticotropinInfant (0 - 11 mo)Childhood (11 mo - 12 yrs)Teen (12 - 18 yrs)Adult (18+)Senior
 
Cochlear Implant Surgery
A cochlear implant is a small electronic device implanted in the brain that may help people with severe hearing loss hear again.