There are many disorders of the eye that require clinical care by a physician or other healthcare professional. Listed below are some of the conditions, for which we have provided a brief overview.
What are the most common eye disorders?
The following list provides a brief description of several of the most common eye disorders. Consult your ophthalmologist for more information.
- Age Related Macular Degeneration
- Amblyopia is the interruption of normal visual development which can result from refractive errors or strabismus.
- Blepharitis is an inflammation of the edges of the eyelids involving hair follicles and glands that open onto the surface.
- Cataract is a condition in which the lens of the eye becomes opacified and does not properly transmit light.
- Dry Eye is a very common condition which occurs when there is not enough moisture in the eye, causing it to feel dry, hot, sandy, and gritty. Dry eye may be caused by low humidity, smoke, aging, certain diseases, and certain medications (i.e., antihistamines, decongestants).
- Floaters appear as spots, dots or lines and affect or interrupt vision and are usually caused by bits of debris in the vitreus humor.
Glaucoma is a disease that impairs the optic nerve function, as a result of pressure that builds up in the eye, and damages the optic nerve and field of vision.
- Iritis is an inflammation of the iris of the eye.
- Macular Degeneration is the breaking down, or degeneration, of the macula area of the retina of the eye.
- Refractive Errors
- Retina Detachment is the separation of the retina from the back of the eye.
- Strabismus is any misalignment of the eyes, e.g. crossed eyes.
- Stye is a noncontagious bacterial infection of one of the sebaceous glands of the eyelid. A stye looks like a small, red bump either on the eyelid or on the edge of the eyelid, and is often painful.
- Uveitis is a condition that occurs in the uvea, or the middle coat of the eye. Because the uvea contains the blood vessels that supply nutrients to the eye, any form of uveitis can be a symptom of other serious medical problems.