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Coping with a Diagnosis of Cancer in ChildrenCómo Sobrellevar el Diagnóstico

Coping with a Diagnosis of Cancer in Children

Learning that your child has cancer usually makes parents feel like their world has been turned upside down. Everything in their life may suddenly feel out of control. Your initial thoughts may be "How could this have happened to my child?" and "How will we get through this?"

A cancer diagnosis is shocking and overwhelming, particularly in children. However, prognosis of childhood cancer continues to improve, and the chance of being cured continues to increase.

What is grieving, and how does it relate to my child's diagnosis?

Grieving is a normal response to a loss. The loss can include the loss of your previously healthy child, the loss of your normal daily routine, the impact of the diagnosis on other family members, and the financial impact of the diagnosis. The grieving process varies from person to person in terms of the order in which one experiences the stages of grief, as well as the time it takes to go through the grief process. The child with cancer, the parents, siblings, and other family members, will all experience grief. Grief is usually divided into five stages:

  • Denial. Denial is a stage where people try to believe that the cancer diagnosis is not happening to them, their child, or their family. One may feel numb, or in a state of shock. Denial is a protective emotion when a life event is too overwhelming to deal with all at once. It is normal, and is not a problem unless it stands in the way of getting the child needed medical care. 

  • Anger. Anger is a stage in which you understand the cancer diagnosis and are very upset and angry that it has happened in your family. One of the best ways of dealing with bursts of anger is to exercise or participate in another type of physical activity. Talking with family and friends, other parents who have a child with cancer, and the hospital staff, may also be helpful. The child also needs to be able to express his or her anger by therapeutic play, talking to other children, drawing pictures of how they feel, or writing in a journal.

  • Bargaining. Questioning God, asking "Why my child?" and "What did we do to deserve this?" are common questions in this stage. It is normal for parents to make bargains with themselves or God, in hopes that this will make the cancer diagnosis go away. Guilt is a primary emotion during this stage. Searching for something that you personally did, which could have contributed to the cancer in your child, is all part of bargaining. Parents tell themselves or God that they promise not to do something they previously did (such as arguing with family members), or to start doing something they have not done (such as going to church regularly), in exchange for their child's cancer recovery. It is important to remember that there is nothing that you or your child did which contributed to the cancer. It is no one's fault.

  • Depression or sadness. This is a stage in which the diagnosis of cancer can no longer be denied and parents and children may feel a profound sense of sadness. This is normal. It can be accompanied by physical changes, such as trouble sleeping, or excessive sleeping, changes in appetite, difficulty with concentrating on simple daily activities, or feeling a constant fear that someone else in the family will be diagnosed with cancer. It is important to talk about depression with a health care professional, such as a social worker or counselor, or meet with a support group to help you cope with these feelings.

  • Acceptance. Acceptance is a stage in which you have accepted the cancer diagnosis and are at a point where cancer has been incorporated as part of your life. You have made an adjustment to your child's illness. This does not mean that you will never feel other emotions, but usually families find that they are better able to manage their lives overall once they reach this stage.

Going through the grieving process is the best way to cope with a cancer diagnosis. You may find yourself moving in and out of the various stages as your family goes through the cancer experience. By giving yourself, your child, and your family permission to do this, you will be able to cope.

Coping with the diagnosis

Some practical things that you can do to help during this time include the following:

  • Learn as much as possible about your child's disease. At times, ignorance or a lack of understanding is your worst enemy. Arm yourself with information in order to lessen frustration. Do not hesitate to ask questions about your child's disease. You may wish to keep a notebook with all of the medical records and information about your child's diagnosis. Sometimes, parents can be too numb or too upset while at the hospital or doctor's office with their child and realize later that they forgot everything the doctor had said. Write things down. You may even want to talk to the doctor about recording your conversations so you can review them later. 

  • Keep a journal of your feelings about your child's disease and the impact on your life. As time goes on, you will be able to look back and see that things are improving and that you are moving forward, even though at times it may not seem so.

  • Learn about your health insurance benefits. This way you will understand what expenses will be covered and what you may have to pay.

  • Continue doing at least some of your usual, daily activities. You will still have grocery shopping, laundry, and going through the mail to do on a daily or weekly basis. Having some of these "regular" activities will help you cope and feel more in control. Using a cell phone to communicate with the hospital is one way to accomplish these activities and still be in touch with what is happening with your child.

  • Take care of your family relationships. Although your primary focus is on your child with cancer, it is important to also spend time as you normally would with your other children and your spouse. It is healthy to have fun together, even when a child in the family has cancer. Relieving stress and strengthening family relationships will help all of you cope better with your child's disease.

  • Use support groups in the area, as well as national support groups and their resources. Find out about supportive services available at the hospital to help you cope, such as the availability of social workers and/or meeting with other families. Do not be afraid to ask for help. Each family's need for support is unique. Friends and family members will often ask "Is there anything I can do to help?" Consider saying "yes" to this question and ask them to pick up your groceries, help with the laundry or housecleaning, pick up your other children from their extracurricular activities, or make dinner. "Assigning" a friend or family member something to do to help you will also help them feel like they are contributing.

  • Avoid emotionally draining situations. Sometimes, well-meaning friends and family members will say the worst possible thing at the time of a cancer diagnosis. They truly want to help or be supportive, but sometimes do not know how to respond. Their words may hurt you or disappoint you, even though that was not their intention. You must realize that people will not know what your needs are unless you tell them. Sometimes, it is simply easier to be forthright and tell someone "I would just like you to sit quietly with me and keep me company" or "I need to spend some time alone right now." Do not be afraid to express your needs during this time.

    Other parents or acquaintances may want to talk to you about their experiences with cancer. They may believe that they are being helpful to you, but instead may be making your situation feel even more overwhelming. It is important for you to avoid these discussions if they are not helping you. It is healthy to be "selfish" and ask for what you need, as well as what you do not need during this time.

  • Share what you have learned. You will have important knowledge and skills that you learn as you experience your child's illness. You could help other parents and their families by sharing your experiences in a support group or other setting.

The following is a list of suggestions for patients, parents, and siblings that may help each individual cope with his or her emotions, depending on the age of the child with cancer and the age of the siblings:

Infants and very young children (birth to 3 years of age):

  • For patients:

    • Holding

    • Touching

    • Rocking

    • Soft music

    • Hugging

    • Cuddling

    • Distracting with toys or colorful objects

    • Creating a cheerful, hospital room

    • Having siblings visit

    • Keeping their regular schedule for sleeping and feeding

  • For siblings:

    • Providing cuddling

    • Hugging frequently

    • Arranging visits to ill brother or sister

    • Keeping them near parents, if possible

    • Using relatives, friends, or a daycare center to maintain their usual daily routine

    • Having one parent spend time with them daily

    • Recording lullabies, stories, messages when parent cannot be at home

    • Offering frequent reassurance to toddlers that mommy or daddy will soon be back

Toddlers, preschool (3 to 5 years of age):

  • For patients:

    • Giving very simple and repeated explanations for what is happening

    • Providing comfort when child is upset or fearful

    • Checking on child's understanding of what is happening

    • Offering choices when possible

    • Teaching acceptable expression of angry feelings

    • Maintaining a normal daily schedule for feeding and sleeping

    • Giving simple explanation for parent's distress, sadness, or crying

  • For siblings:

    • Giving a simple explanation that brother or sister is sick and that people are helping

    • Offering comfort and reassurance about parent's absence

    • Arranging for reliable daily care and maintenance of usual routines

    • Having one parent see child daily, if possible

    • Remaining alert to changes in behavior

    • Reassuring child about parent's distress or sadness

School-aged children (6 to 12 years of age):

  • For patients:

    • Offering repeated reassurance to your child that he or she is not responsible for the cancer

    • Teaching that sadness, anger, and guilt are normal feelings

    • Allowing your child to keep feelings private, if that is preferred

    • Suggesting personal recording of thoughts, feelings through writing, drawing

    • Arranging for physical activity, when possible

    • Providing explanations your child can understand about diagnosis and treatment plan; including your child, when appropriate, in discussions about diagnosis and treatment

    • Answering all questions honestly and in understandable language, including, "Am I going to die?" (talk with cancer care team about how to answer)

    • Listening for unasked questions

    • Facilitating communication with siblings, friends, and classmates, if desired

    • Arranging contact with other patients to see how they have dealt with diagnosis

  • For siblings:

    • Teaching about normal feelings of fear, anxiety, sadness, or anger

    • Encouraging sibling to communicate feelings; suggesting sibling write, telephone, send drawings or recorded messages to patient

    • Providing understandable information about diagnosis and treatment

    • Answering all questions honestly, including, "Will he or she die?"

    • Listening for unasked questions, especially about personal health

    • Offering repeated reassurance that sibling is not responsible for causing the cancer

    • Informing teachers and coaches of family situation

    • Arranging for school and other activities to continue on schedule

    • Supporting sibling's having fun, despite brother or sister's illness

    • Planning for daily availability of one parent

    • Explaining that parents' distress, sadness, or crying is okay

Adolescents (13 to 18 years of age and older):

  • For patients:

    • Giving information on normal emotional reactions to a cancer diagnosis

    • Encouraging expression of feelings to someone: parents, family, or staff

    • Tolerating any reluctance to communicate thoughts and feelings

    • Encouraging journaling

    • Providing repeated reassurance that they are not responsible for causing the cancer

    • Being included in all discussions with parents about diagnosis and treatment planning

    • Being encouraged to ask questions (parents should listen for unasked questions)

    • Addressing spiritual concerns about "Why me?"

    • Permitting private time for interaction with team professionals

    • Offering assurance that parents and family members will be able to manage crisis

    • Encouraging sharing news of diagnosis with peers, and classmates

    • Arranging for visits of siblings and friends

    • Facilitating contact with other adolescent patients, if desired

  • For siblings:

    • Involving adolescent in events around diagnosis

    • Reassuring that cancer is not contagious

    • Offering assurance that nothing they did or said caused the cancer

    • Providing detailed information on diagnosis and treatment plan

    • Answering all questions honestly

    • Arranging access to treatment team, if desired

    • Discussing spiritual issues related to diagnosis

    • Encouraging expression of feelings

    • Arranging for management of daily life at home

    • Providing assurance that family will be able to handle crisis

    • Informing teachers and coaches of family situation

    • Encouraging usual involvement in school and other activities

    • Asking relative or friend to take a special interest in each adolescent sibling

The various members of the cancer team can assist your family, as needed. The seriousness of a cancer diagnosis and the difficulties of treatment cannot be forgotten.

 
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  Fewer Heart Patients Now Dying From Heart Disease, Study Shows
  President's Panel Calls for More Girls, Boys to Get HPV Vaccine
  Gene Exam Might Predict Breast Cancer Progression
  Annual Mammograms Don't Reduce Breast Cancer Deaths, Study Contends
  Experimental Eyewear Helps Surgeons 'See' Cancer, Study Says
  Partial HPV Vaccine Series May Help Prevent Genital Warts in Girls
  Double Mastectomy May Benefit Some Women With Inherited Breast Cancer
  Newsman Tom Brokaw Battling Blood Cancer
  Newsman Tom Brokaw Has Many Treatment Options for His Blood Cancer
  Lymph Node Test a Good Strategy for Melanoma: Study
  Indoor Tanning Laws Help Keep Teen Girls Away, Study Finds
  Beauty, Not Health May Spur Teens to Use Sunscreen
  Three Groups Miss Out on Colon Cancer Survival Gains, Study Says
  Radiation-Free Cancer Scans: Coming Soon?
  Instructional Video Improves Skin Cancer Diagnoses in Older Men: Study
  Head, Throat Cancer Survival May Be Longer if Tumor Caused by HPV: Study
  More Breast Cancer Patients Choosing Reconstructive Surgery, Study Finds
  Experimental Therapy Shows Promise Against Type of Adult Leukemia
  Gene Variations Leave Infants at Risk of Leukemia, Study Suggests
  Avastin Shows Mixed Results Against Different Cancers
  More Evidence That HPV Vaccine Might Lower Cervical Cancer Risk
  Thyroid Tumors May Be More Dangerous for Cancer Survivors: Study
  Surge in Thyroid Cancer Cases May Be Due to Overdiagnoses: Study
  Advanced Tonsil Cancer May Respond Well to Targeted Radiation
  Vitamin E, Selenium Supplements Might Double Chances of Prostate Cancer
  Healthy Adults Shouldn't Take Vitamin E, Beta Carotene: Expert Panel
  Ovarian Cancer Gene May Point to Early Removal of Ovaries: Study
  Late-Stage Cancer Diagnosis More Likely in Uninsured Teens, Young Adults
  Necks, Butts Growth Areas for U.S. Plastic Surgeons
  Skin Cancer May Have Driven Evolution of Black Skin
  Study Sees No Evidence Linking Diabetes Drugs With Pancreatic Cancer
  After Skin Cancer, Removable Model Replaces Real Ear
  Experimental Drug Helps Body Fight Advanced Melanoma: Study
  Yoga May Help Breast Cancer Patients During Radiation Therapy
  Study Adds to Evidence That HPV Vaccine Helps Guard Against Cervical Cancer
  Younger Skin Cancer Survivors May Be at Risk for Other Cancers
  Surgery May Benefit Younger Prostate Cancer Patients
  Meditation May Help Teens Cope With Cancer
  Ways to Cut Your Colon Cancer Risk
  Targeted Radiation Might Help Fight Advanced Breast Cancer: Study
  U.S. Could Face Shortage of Cancer Doctors
  Excess Weight a Risk Factor for Ovarian Cancer: Report
  Newer Radiation Therapy Treats Prostate Cancer More Quickly: Study
  Whole-Genome Scans Not Quite Ready for Widespread Use: Study
  Experimental Drug May Boost Leukemia Survival, Without Chemo
  FDA Panel Recommends HPV Test As Replacement for Pap Smear
  Diabetes Linked With Lower Cancer Survival: Study
  Wider Waistline May Mean Shorter Lifespan: Study
  Colon Cancer Cases Decline for Older Americans
  For Women's Cancers, Where You're Treated Matters
  Study Supports Radiation When Breast Cancer Spreads to Few Lymph Nodes
  Serious Health Issues May Await Survivors of Childhood Cancer
  New Stool Test Shows Promise as Colon Cancer Screen
  Daily Exercise Lowers Breast Cancer Risk: Study
  Still Too Few Minority Participants in U.S. Clinical Trials, Study Finds
  Colonoscopy Is Good, Not Perfect
  HPV-Linked Throat Cancer May Have Telltale First Symptoms
  Diabetes Tied to Higher Risk of Pancreatic Cancer in Study
  New Guidelines Might Limit Need for Lymph Node Removal for Breast Cancer
  Routine Mammograms Found Not Helpful for Most Women Over 70
  Experts Warn About Skin Cancer 'Treatments' Sold Online
  Anti-Seizure Drug May Guard Against Some Cancers
  Treatment May Prevent Esophagus Condition From Progressing to Cancer
  Many Breast Cancer Survivors Suffer Financially, Study Finds
  Experimental Drug Shows Promise for Drug-Resistant Lung Cancer
  Slight Drop in Rate of Advanced Cancers, CDC Says
  Lung Cancer Diagnosis Takes Toll on Patients' Sex Lives, Experts Say
  Fruits and Veggies May Reduce Death Risk, Study Suggests
  FDA Advisory Panel Recommends Approval of At-Home Colon Cancer Test
  Certain Colon Cancer Patients Might Benefit From Aspirin, Study Says
  Fertility Drugs May Not Raise Breast Cancer Risk: Study
  More Doctors Than Consumers Favor Legalizing Medical Marijuana: Survey
  New Review Suggests Benefits of Annual Mammograms Are Overstated
  Cialis May Not Prevent Impotence in Men Treated for Prostate Cancer
  Melanoma Death Risk Higher for Men Living Alone?
  Doctors' Skill at Colonoscopy May Affect Patients' Colon Cancer Risk: Study
  Obesity May Shorten Colon Cancer Survival
  DNA Test May Gauge Risk of Prostate Cancer's Return
  Experimental Breast Cancer Drug Seems Safe, Effective for Advanced Disease
  Vegetables in Childhood May Benefit Breast Health
  Could Daughter's Cancer Risk Be Affected by Father's Age at Birth?
  High-Fat Diet May Boost Breast Cancer Risk
  Chemo Might Give Certain Lung Cancer Patients an Edge
  Age a Big Factor in Colon Surgery Complications, Study Finds
  Experimental Drug Shows Early Promise for Some Cases of Advanced Melanoma
  Irregular Periods May Be Risk Factor for Ovarian Cancer, Study Suggests
  Study Links Coffee to Lower Liver Cancer Risk
  Cervical Cancer Vaccine Program in England a Success, Researchers Report
  Cheaper 'Gene Panel' Screening May Reveal Cancer Risks
  Blood Test Aims to Predict Breast Cancer's Return
  Cancer 'Vaccine' for Advanced Disease Passes Early Hurdle
  Placing Donor Windpipe First in Patient's Arm Helps With Transplant
  Quarter of Prostate Cancer Patients May Abandon 'Watchful Waiting' Approach
  So-Called 'Apple Shape' Not a Risk Factor for Breast Cancer: Study
  FDA Warns Against Procedure for Uterine Fibroids
  False-Positive Mammograms Don't Deter Women From Future Screening: Study
  People Seek Out Health Info When Famous Person Dies
  People With Kidney Disease Show Higher Cancer Risk in Study
  Aspirin's Ability to Prevent Colon Cancer May Depend on Your Genes
  Smoking, Drinking Combo Raises Odds for Esophageal Cancer
  FDA Approves HPV Test as Initial Screen for Cervical Cancer
  Joblessness an Unwanted Side Effect of Chemo for Breast Cancer
  Radiation May Equal Surgery, With Easier Recovery, for Cancerous Lymph Nodes
  'Freezing' Technique May Work for Some Women With Early Breast Cancer
  Lung Cancer Surgery May Be Safest at High-Volume Hospitals, Study Finds
  Y Chromosome Loss Linked to Higher Cancer Risk in Men
  HPV-Linked Oral Cancers May Not Be 'Contagious'
  Skin Cancer Prevention Tips
  Nail Salons' Drying Lamps Carry Small Cancer Risk
  Low Vitamin D Linked to Aggressive, Advanced Prostate Cancers: Study
  Ultrasound of Lymph Nodes No Less Accurate for Obese Women, Study Says
  Southeastern States Have Highest Rates of Preventable Deaths
  New Colon Polyp Removal Method May Be Easier on Patients
  Screening May Help Boost Liver Cancer Survival Rates
  Use Your 'ABCDE' to Spot Deadly Skin Cancer
  Schizophrenia May Raise Dementia Risk in Older Adults
  One Woman's Cancer Battle Highlights Promise of New Treatment
  Exercise Linked to Improved Bladder Cancer Survival
  Just Seeing a Doctor May Boost the Odds of Surviving Melanoma
  U.S. Cervical Cancer Rates Higher Than Thought
  Lung Cancer Not on Many Women's Radar: Survey
  Prescription Drug Use Continues to Climb in U.S.
  Some Prostate Cancer Patients Might Safely Delay Hormonal Therapy: Study
  Unneeded Cancer Care Is Rare, Study Finds
  It's Better to Prevent a Sunburn Than to Treat One, Dermatologist Says
  Stepped-Up Screening Would Uncover More Lung Cancers, Study Says
  Obesity May Raise Breast Cancer Death Risk for Some Women
  Scientists Get Closer to the Stem Cells That May Drive Cancers
  Could a Blood Test Predict Breast Cancer's Return?
  Surgery Isn't Only Option for Women With Ovarian Cancer Genes
  Dogs May Help Spot Human Prostate Cancers, Study Finds
  Experts Debate Value of Self-Exam for Testicular Cancer
  Pancreatic Cancer Will Be 2nd Deadliest Cancer by 2030: Study
  Diet, Lifestyle Affect Prostate Cancer Risk, Studies Find
  Two-Thirds of U.S. Adults May Carry HPV
  Type of Kidney Disease May Dictate Cancer Risk
  Blood Test May Spot Pancreatic Cancer Earlier
  Gene Tests May Improve Lung Cancer Care: Study
  Double Mastectomy Often Not Needed, Study Finds
  Cancer Center Ads Focus on Emotions More Than Facts, Study Finds
  New Guidelines Recommend Longer Tamoxifen Treatment
  Abnormal Lung Scan May Be 'Teachable Moment' for Smokers
  Task Force Recommends Hep B Screening for High-Risk People
  Your Income Might Influence Your Risk for Certain Cancers
  Memory Problems After Chemo Linked to Brain Changes
  Animal Trials Show Promise for Treating Eye Cancer
  New Drug Shows Promise for Resistant Thyroid Cancer
  Viewing E-Cigarette Use May Keep Smokers From Quitting
  Lower Risk of Prostate Cancer Seen in Circumcised Blacks: Study
  Immune-Based Treatment May Fight Advanced Cervical Cancer
  New Approach May Boost Survival From Advanced Prostate Cancer
  Drug May Lower Odds of Early Menopause in Breast Cancer Patients
  Indoor Tanning Ups Melanoma Risk, Even Without Burning: Study
  Some Breast Cancer Patients May Get Drug-Linked Heart Failure: Study
  Melanoma Drug Trials Show Significant Promise
  Stopping Statins for Terminal Patients a Safe Option: Study
  5 or More Bad Sunburns While Young Tied to Higher Melanoma Risk
  Number of Cancer Survivors Will Reach 19 Million in Next Decade: Report
  FDA Orders New Warning Labels for Tanning Beds
  Pair of Pills Shows Promise for Recurrent Ovarian Cancer
  Newer Anti-Estrogen Treatment May Benefit Younger Breast Cancer Survivors
  1 in 4 Smokers With Gene Defect May Get Lung Cancer
  Experimental Drug May Extend Lung Cancer Survival, Study Suggests
  Certain Breast Cancer Patients May Need Little Treatment After Tumor Removal
  New Drug May Boost Survival for Advanced Prostate Cancer Patients: Study
  Breath Test May Spot Lung Cancer
  First-Time Colon Cancer Screening May Be Beneficial for Elderly
  Fish, Exercise May Help Thwart Colon Cancer's Return: Study
  Medicaid Patients Get Worse Cancer Care, Studies Contend
  Half a Million Cancers Prevented by Colon Screenings: Study
  Many Childhood Leukemia Survivors Aren't Taking 'Maintenance' Meds: Study
  Sophisticated Chest Scans May Raise Children's Lifetime Cancer Risk
  Many Women With Breast Cancer Get Too Little Exercise
  Are You Eating Enough 'Powerhouse' Vegetables?
  No Drop in Smokeless Tobacco Use Among U.S. Workers: CDC
  Breast Cancer Drug Herceptin Linked to Risk of Heart Problems: Study
  Low Cholesterol Levels May Spell Trouble for Kidney Cancer Patients
  Moles May Be Harbinger of Higher Breast Cancer Risk
  Childhood Cancer Survivors More Likely to Be Hospitalized: Study
  Red Meat May Raise Breast Cancer Risk, Study Suggests
  Tumor-Targeting Agent Attaches to Cancer Cells: Study
  Grill Safely This Holiday Weekend
  Breast Cancer Surgery Rates Vary Greatly in Canada
  Can Weight-Loss Surgery Lower Cancer Risk for the Obese?
  Cancer Survivors Face Mounting Costs of Continuing Medical Care: Study
  Timing of Day's First Cigarette May Influence Lung Cancer Risk
  Women With Breast Cancer Genes More Likely to Choose Extensive Surgery
  Lymphoseek Approved for Diagnosing Cancer Severity
  Older Breast Cancer Patients Do Follow Drug Therapy: Study
  Study Ties Too Much Sitting to Risks for Certain Cancers
  MRIs Plus Mammograms Best for High-Risk Women, Study Finds
  Vitamin D: A Key to a Longer Life?
  Soy Foods Don't Seem to Protect Against Uterine Cancer: Researchers
  Mammography Cuts Breast Cancer Deaths by 28 Percent: Study
  Popular Crohn's, Colitis Drugs Not Linked to Short-Term Cancer Risk: Study
  Cost of Prostate Cancer Surgery Varies Widely in U.S.
  When Is the Cost of Cancer 'Toxic'?
  Pavement Sealant Ban Linked to Cleaner Lake Water
  Mouse Study Supports Notion of 'Tanning Addiction'
  New Clues to Why Blacks Fare Worse With Colon Cancer
  Indoor Tanning Leads to Early Skin Cancer, Study Says
  Teens Who Prefer Menthols Are Heavier Smokers: Study
  Diets High in Dairy Might Boost Colon Cancer Survival, a Bit
  3D Mammograms May Improve Breast Cancer Screening
  Study: Daily Low-Dose Aspirin May Help Ward Off Pancreatic Cancer
  HIV Patients Less Likely to Get Cancer Treatment: Study
  Most Women Don't Need Regular Pelvic Exams, New Guidelines State
  Liver Cancer Drug Fails to Live Up to Early Promise
  Mammography Costs Soar for Seniors, But Detection Rates the Same: Study
  Possible Advance for Some Late-Stage Lung Cancer Patients
  Men Develop Breast Cancer, Too
  Childhood Vaccines Vindicated Once More
  'Generally Reassuring' Findings on Fertility Drugs, Women's Cancers
  Cholesterol Levels May Be Linked to Breast Cancer Risk
  Cervical Cancer Vaccine Doesn't Boost Clot Risk: Study
  Breast Cancer Drug Aromasin May Be Option for Some Premenopausal Women
  Study Links Vasectomy to Aggressive Prostate Cancer
  Depression May Make It Harder to Beat Prostate Cancer
Adult Diseases and Conditions
  Grading and Staging of Cancer
  Diagnostic Procedures for Cancer: Overview
  General Information About Cancer: Overview
  Overview of Cancer
  Surgery
  Plastic Surgery Statistics
  Cancer Rehabilitation
  Online Resources - Cancer
  Breast Cancer Overview
Pediatric Diseases and Conditions
  About Cancer
  Alternative Therapy for Cancer
  Diagnosing Cancer
  Treatment for Cancer
  Causes of Cancer
  Nutritional Requirements for a Child With Cancer