Health Encyclopedia

 

Cancer Care



Types of Treatment for Stomach Cancer

Types of Treatment for Stomach Cancer

Treatment for stomach cancer works in one of two ways:

  • Local treatments. These remove, destroy, or control cancer cells in a certain area. Surgery and radiation therapy are examples of local treatments.

  • Systemic treatments. These destroy or control cancer cells throughout the body. Chemotherapy is usually a systemic treatment.

You may have just one kind of treatment. Or you may have a combination of local and systemic treatments.

Your treatment choices depend on several things:

  • Type, size, and location of the tumor

  • Results of lab tests

  • Stage of the disease

  • Your overall health

  • Your age

  • Your personal needs and concerns

  • Whether the cancer has come back

There are three major types of treatment for stomach cancer. They are surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. Here is an overview of each type of treatment:

  • Surgery. This is the most common treatment for stomach cancer. The goal of this treatment is to remove the entire tumor and any cancer cells that may have spread to nearby tissue. Depending on the stage of the cancer, surgery may be all that you need. Or you may have surgery before or after another treatment.

  • Radiation therapy. This treatment uses high-energy X-rays or particles. The main goal of radiation therapy for stomach cancer is to kill cancer cells and reduce the chance the cancer will come back, which is called recurrence. Sometimes it is used to reduce the symptoms of cancer, such as pain or bleeding.

  • Chemotherapy. The goal of chemotherapy is to shrink a tumor, destroy cancer cells, relieve symptoms from the cancer, or to prevent recurrence of the cancer. Chemotherapy is rarely used for early-stage stomach cancer, which has not spread. It may be used along with radiation therapy, called chemoradiation. Chemotherapy can be used before surgery, called neoadjuvant therapy, or after surgery, called adjuvant therapy.

Doctors are finding new ways to treat stomach cancer. These new methods are tested in clinical trials. Before beginning treatment, ask your doctor if there are any clinical trials that you should consider.

 
Related Items
Drug Reference
  Doxorubicin
  Fluorouracil, 5-FU
  Mitomycin
Cancer Source
  Anatomy of the Stomach
  Statistics About Stomach Cancer
  Am I At Risk for Stomach Cancer?
  What Are the Symptoms of Stomach Cancer?
  How Does My Doctor Know I Have Stomach Cancer?
  Stages of Stomach Cancer
  What Happens During Surgery for Stomach Cancer
  What Happens During Chemotherapy for Stomach Cancer
  What Happens During Radiation Therapy for Stomach Cancer
  Do What You Can to Ease Side Effects of Treatment for Stomach Cancer
  What Is Stomach Cancer?
  What to Know About Radiation Treatment for Stomach Cancer
  I’ve Just Been Told I Have Stomach Cancer
  How Your Doctor Uses Biopsies to Diagnose Stomach Cancer
  Tests That Help Evaluate Stomach Cancer
  Can I Survive Stomach Cancer? What is My Prognosis?
  What Can I Do If I Am At Risk for Stomach Cancer?
  Tell Your Healthcare Team How You Feel During Treatment for Stomach Cancer
  Overview of Your Treatment Choices for Stomach Cancer
  What to Expect After Radiation Therapy for Stomach Cancer
  Making the Decision to Have Chemotherapy for Stomach Cancer
  What to Expect After Chemotherapy for Stomach Cancer
  Questions to Ask About Treatment for Stomach Cancer
  Making the Decision to Have Surgery for Stomach Cancer
  What to Expect After Surgery for Stomach Cancer
Cancer FAQs
  Frequently Asked Questions About Stomach Cancer
Daily News Feed
  Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment Tied to Higher Risk of Stomach Cancer in Study
  Overweight Teen Years Tied to Later Cancer Risk
  Poor Diet May Spur Inflammation-Related Health Problems
  Cyramza Approved for Stomach Cancer
Adult Diseases and Conditions
  Stomach Cancer